Africa’s journey to Open Education

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Professor Mpine Makoe, UNISA

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  • Open Scholarship is relatively new in Africa and it is moving very fast.
    5 years from now where will we be in terms of MOOCs
    Study conducted with academics in 3 countries – Zimbabwe, Botswana and South Africa – findings suggest that they are aware of them but they are concerned about the pedagogical value.
    Self regulatory nature of MOOCs – who controls this space.
    People learn – to get credentials.
    Maslow Hierachy of needs – survival self actualisation
  • Africa’s journey to Open Education

    1. 1. Africa’s journey to Open Education Prof Mpine Makoe Institute for Open Distance Learning ACDE – Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe 7 June 2014
    2. 2. Triple challenges of education in developing countries
    3. 3. Challenges • Lack of infrastructure - limited access to electricity and telephone networks; poor roads and postal services; • Digital fluency - fewer people who have expertise of using computers • Learner support • Expanding access to higher education
    4. 4. Access to technology 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 cellphone landline computer internet radio TV
    5. 5. Potential for using cell phones More than 80 % of households have access to cell phones South Africa is ranked 5th in the world for mobile data usage (1st Russia and 7th is USA) 50% urban and 27% rural dwellers browse the internet from their cell phones Cell phones are more accessible to most rural communities in terms of cost, geographic coverage and ease to use Encourage people to learn together “while retaining individual control over their time, space, presence, activity, identity and relationship” (Anderson, 2005).
    6. 6. OER and MOOCS INITIATIVES • ACDE • OER AFRICA • OERu • Consumers not producers
    7. 7. Collaboration initiative – MOOCs - English Writing Course - Pilot – Open access MOOC – Support intervention – Accessed through the internet in their cell phones AIM – Analyse learner practices – Gather research data
    8. 8. • Context specific • Open Educational Resources • Address our concerns – student support; access to technology • Accessible anywhere, anytime and anyplace • Sustainability • Quality Guiding Principles
    9. 9. • Create policies and strategies • Collaborative development of high quality learning resources – OER • Improved access to and use of appropriate technology • Supporting a wider range of post schooling study options • Technological infrastructure • Shared learning and support centres
    10. 10. UNISA STRATEGY TO OPEN EDUCATION REASOURCES
    11. 11. GUIDING PRINCIPLES UNISA OER STRATEGY… • Commitment to the concept of openness – (access) • Africanisation (philosophy, interests and epistemology) • Enhance graduateness (21st century skills) • Social justice
    12. 12. Way forward • Development of an effective management systems • Establish an open learning framework • Systematic integration of OER

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