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the legislative branch- bicameralism

the legislative branch- bicameralism

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Ate thess report Ate thess report Presentation Transcript

  • Presented by: MA. THERESA B. LUALHATI
  • The legislative power is vested in the Congress of the Philippines which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. The upper house is located in Pasay, while the lower house is located in Quezon City. The district and sectoral representatives are elected for a term of three years. They can be re-elected but they may not run for a fourth consecutive term. Senators are elected to a term of six years. They can be re-elected but may not run for a third consecutive term. The House of Representatives may opt to pass for a vacancy of a legislative seat, which leads to a special election. The winner of the special election will serve the unfinished term of the previous district representative, and will be considered as one elective term. The same rule also applies in the Senate, however it only applies if the seat was vacated before a regular legislative election. The current President of the Senate is Franklin Drilon, while the current Speaker of the House of Representatives is Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
  • The Senate shall be composed of twenty- four Senators who shall be elected at large by the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law; the House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than 250 (unless otherwise fixed by law), 20 percent of whom must be Party-list representatives. View slide
  • Legislative Process Congress is responsible for making enabling laws to make sure the spirit of the Constitution is upheld in the country and, at times, amend or change the constitution itself. In order to craft laws, the legislative body comes out with two main documents: Bills and Resolutions. Resolutions convey principles and sentiments of the Senate or the House of Representatives. These resolutions can further be divided into three different elements: Joint Resolutions, Simple Resolutions, Concurrent Resolutions. View slide
  • Bills are laws in the making. They pass into law when they are approved by both houses and the President of the Philippines. A bill may be vetoed by the President, but the House of Representatives may overturn a Presidential veto by garnering a 2/3rds vote. If the President does not act on a proposed law submitted by Congress, it will lapse into law after 30 days of receipt.
  • This article is about a form of legislature. For other uses, see Bicameralism (disambiguation). A bicameral legislature is one in which the legislators are divided into two separate assemblies, chambers or houses. A bicameral legislature is distinguished from a unicameral legislature, in which all of the members deliberate and vote as a single group, and from some legislatures which have three or more separate assemblies, chambers or houses.
  • Most legislatures have a bicameral form. Often, the members of the two chambers are elected or selected using different methods, which varies from country to country. Enactment of laws usually requires the approval of a majority of members in each of the chambers of the legislature. Bicameralism is an essential and defining feature of the classical notion of mixed government. Bicameral legislatures usually require a concurrent majority to pass legislation.
  • THANK YOU! Presented by: MA. THERESA B. LUALHATI