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danxoneil FlickrPractical privacy issuesaround Learning AnalyticsLearning Analytics and Knowledge 2013Abelardo Pardo (@abe...
horrigans Flickr This talk is NOT about...    Generic analysis of privacy    Ramifications into ethics,    societal issues,...
nevolution FlickrThis talk IS                                                                      Review principles      ...
Eleaf Flickr.com                                                   Generate more questions                                ...
Mark Coggins flickr.com        Delicate issue!Abelardo Pardo   Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics   5
Wootpeanuts flickr.com            Prevents reaching a practical solutionAbelardo Pardo   Practical privacy issues around Le...
malias flickr.com                                                                      General  Environment                ...
malias flickr.com  EnvironmentAbelardo Pardo   Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics   8
http://blog.stephenwolfram.com/2012/03/the-personal-analytics-of-my-life (last accessed March 2013)                       ...
10                                                                   Is she pregnant?                                     ...
http://hdguru.com/is-your-new-hdtv-watching-you/7643 (last accessed March 2013)                                           ...
Great Beyond flickr.com                                                           Privacy as a currencyAbelardo Pardo   Pra...
http://theweek.com/article/index/229508 (last accessed March 2013)                                                        ...
www.nytimes.com (last accessed March 2013)                                                                                ...
malias flickr.com                                                                      General  Environment                ...
https://www.privacyassociation.org/resource_center/consumer_data_privacy_in_a_networked_world (last accessed March 2013)  ...
http://www.csa.ca/cm/ca/en/privacy-code (last accessed March 2013)Abelardo Pardo   Practical privacy issues around Learnin...
arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2013/02/eu-data-law-proposal-uses-language-word-for-word-from-us-eu-corporations (last accesse...
Reigh LeBlanc flickr.com        Absolute confidentiality: undesired        Data ownership        Information flowAbelardo Par...
http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v13/n9/full/nm0907-999.html        Uninformed consent is        considered under special ...
anthonylibrarian Flickr            Internet requires new approach to privacyBefore: Limitingsurveillance, restrictingacces...
Small_Realm Flickr            People act in different roles and contexts            Applications should respect these cont...
Context Integrity: Framework to provide            guidance to solve privacy related conflicts.                            ...
Cotton|Joe Flickr Appropriateness                                                       What is collected?                ...
johnthrm Flickr Distribution                                                       Who sees the data?                     ...
malias flickr.com                                                                      General  Environment                ...
27                                                         Database with                                                  ...
deepwarren Flickr                                  Observe in and out of the classroomAbelardo Pardo   Practical privacy i...
Case 1: K-12 Out-of-class support          1      Collection while doing homework in tablet          2      Data used by t...
Case 2: University course          1      Collected in LMS and mobile application.          2      Available to instructor...
Case 3: Distance education          1      Data collected in LMS.          2      Available to instructors for personaliza...
Ethical Principles           • LA as a moral practice           • Students as agents at the center           • Data is tem...
Practical Principles           • Transparency: Explicit description of how                 data is collected, manipulated,...
lrargerich FlickrTransparency           • Means to achieve Legitimacy           • Apply across the board           • Easil...
Students as data owners                                                                         • Right to access, amend, ...
Data Access Policies                                                                          • Clarify the roles when    ...
On “anonymization”                                                 OperationPaperStorm Flickr                             ...
Accountability and Assessment                                                                          • Each aspect has a...
Case 1: K-12 Out-of-class support          1      Collection while doing homework in tablet          2      Data used by t...
Case 2: University course          1      Collected in LMS and mobile application.          2      Available to instructor...
Case 3: Distance education          1      Data collected in LMS.          2      Available to instructors for personaliza...
johnthurm Flickr Privacy changed in Internet era                 Integrity of the Learning                 Context        ...
danxoneil FlickrPractical privacy issuesaround Learning AnalyticsLearning Analytics and Knowledge 2013Abelardo Pardo (@abe...
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Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics

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The controversy around privacy and security in ICT seems to be a never-ending source of newspaper headlines. Cases of security and privacy breaches are interspersed with an equal number of announcements of new legislative measures or amendments. Learning analytics is certainly not the first technological area to deal with these issues, but more often than not, the debate on privacy tends to prevent the design of practical solutions. Far from trying to
settle the main controversy around privacy, in this talk we will try to identify the major areas in which privacy concerns can be divided and provide some examples of practical solutions.

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Transcript of "Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics"

  1. 1. danxoneil FlickrPractical privacy issuesaround Learning AnalyticsLearning Analytics and Knowledge 2013Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)The University of Sydneywww.slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo
  2. 2. horrigans Flickr This talk is NOT about... Generic analysis of privacy Ramifications into ethics, societal issues, laws, governmentsAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 2
  3. 3. nevolution FlickrThis talk IS Review principles to consider Restricted to the LA context Based on practical guidelinesAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 3
  4. 4. Eleaf Flickr.com Generate more questions Where to focus the questions?Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 4
  5. 5. Mark Coggins flickr.com Delicate issue!Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 5
  6. 6. Wootpeanuts flickr.com Prevents reaching a practical solutionAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 6
  7. 7. malias flickr.com General Environment view LA ScenariosAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 7
  8. 8. malias flickr.com EnvironmentAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 8
  9. 9. http://blog.stephenwolfram.com/2012/03/the-personal-analytics-of-my-life (last accessed March 2013) 9 Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics Abelardo Pardo
  10. 10. 10 Is she pregnant? Practical privacy issues around Learning AnalyticsDailymail.co.uk/news/article-2102859/How-Target-knows-shoppers-pregnant–figured-teen-father-did.html (last accessed March 2013) Abelardo Pardo
  11. 11. http://hdguru.com/is-your-new-hdtv-watching-you/7643 (last accessed March 2013) 11 Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics Abelardo Pardo
  12. 12. Great Beyond flickr.com Privacy as a currencyAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 12
  13. 13. http://theweek.com/article/index/229508 (last accessed March 2013) B2B Data MarketAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 13
  14. 14. www.nytimes.com (last accessed March 2013) Lower premium With GPS Without GPSAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 14
  15. 15. malias flickr.com General Environment viewAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 15
  16. 16. https://www.privacyassociation.org/resource_center/consumer_data_privacy_in_a_networked_world (last accessed March 2013) 16 Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics Abelardo Pardo
  17. 17. http://www.csa.ca/cm/ca/en/privacy-code (last accessed March 2013)Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 17
  18. 18. arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2013/02/eu-data-law-proposal-uses-language-word-for-word-from-us-eu-corporations (last accessed March 2013) 18 Similar legislation Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics Abelardo Pardo
  19. 19. Reigh LeBlanc flickr.com Absolute confidentiality: undesired Data ownership Information flowAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 19
  20. 20. http://www.nature.com/nm/journal/v13/n9/full/nm0907-999.html Uninformed consent is considered under special circumstancesAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 20
  21. 21. anthonylibrarian Flickr Internet requires new approach to privacyBefore: Limitingsurveillance, restrictingaccess to information, Additionally: How is datacurtailing intrusions into captured, who owns it, howprivate space. is it shared?Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 21
  22. 22. Small_Realm Flickr People act in different roles and contexts Applications should respect these contextsAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 22
  23. 23. Context Integrity: Framework to provide guidance to solve privacy related conflicts. Context Travel flickr.com Appropriateness & Distribution (Nissenbaum, H., 2004, Privacy as Contextual Integrity, Washington Law Review, 79(1))Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 23
  24. 24. Cotton|Joe Flickr Appropriateness What is collected? What is revealed? Valid in one context, invalid in anotherAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 24
  25. 25. johnthrm Flickr Distribution Who sees the data? When? For what purpose?Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 25
  26. 26. malias flickr.com General Environment view LA ScenariosAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 26
  27. 27. 27 Database with K-12 Student data Practical privacy issues around Learning Analyticshttp://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/03/us-education-database-idUSBRE92204W20130303 (last accessed March 2013) Abelardo Pardo
  28. 28. deepwarren Flickr Observe in and out of the classroomAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 28
  29. 29. Case 1: K-12 Out-of-class support 1 Collection while doing homework in tablet 2 Data used by teachers to personalize activities. 3 Available to all teachers in the school. 4 Performance vs demographic factors correlated. 5 Available to platform vendors. 6 Kept for ever.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 29
  30. 30. Case 2: University course 1 Collected in LMS and mobile application. 2 Available to instructors for personalization. 3 Some data considered for assessment. 4 Available to university-wide units: counseling, recruiting, marketing. 5 Analyzed Retention vs demographic. 6 eTextbook access available to publishers. 7 Kept for ever.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 30
  31. 31. Case 3: Distance education 1 Data collected in LMS. 2 Available to instructors for personalization purposes. 3 Analyzed performance vs demographic. 4 Some data considered for assessment. 5 Results used in scientific publication. 6 Results available to funding institutions. 7 Student right to request data removal.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 31
  32. 32. Ethical Principles • LA as a moral practice • Students as agents at the center • Data is temporal and dynamic • Student success is complex and multidimensional • Transparency • Institutions obliged to use data (Slade, S., Prinsloo, P. 2013, Learning Analytics: Ethical Issues and Dilemmas, American Behavioral Scientist)Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 32
  33. 33. Practical Principles • Transparency: Explicit description of how data is collected, manipulated, stored and accessed • Students as data owners: Include right to consult, modify or remove data • Data access policies: clearly stated and observed. • Accountability and assessment: Embedded constant review and auditing of the policy.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 33
  34. 34. lrargerich FlickrTransparency • Means to achieve Legitimacy • Apply across the board • Easily accessible and clearly explained documentation • How is data collected • Who has access to the data • Which calculations are performed • How long is the data valid and availableAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 34
  35. 35. Students as data owners • Right to access, amend, delete data Images of Money Flickr • Institutions are borrowing the data • In conflict with derived data • Affects system design • Consider fixed life span of collected dataAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 35
  36. 36. Data Access Policies • Clarify the roles when Chris Cambpelll accessing data • Extend to derived data • Consider connection with research • Beware of “anonymization” or “deidentification”Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 36
  37. 37. On “anonymization” OperationPaperStorm Flickr • Comprehensive anonymized dataset of course participation • Include forum posts • All students introduced themselves in forum the first week • Student joins the course later.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 37
  38. 38. Accountability and Assessment • Each aspect has a colemama Flickr responsible person, body, department. • Process continuously “under improvement” • Consider all stakeholdersAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 38
  39. 39. Case 1: K-12 Out-of-class support 1 Collection while doing homework in tablet 2 Data used by teachers to personalize activities. 3 Available to all teachers in the school. 4 Performance vs demographic factors correlated. 5 Available to platform vendors. 6 Kept for ever.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 39
  40. 40. Case 2: University course 1 Collected in LMS and mobile application. 2 Available to instructors for personalization. 3 Some data considered for assessment. 4 Available to university-wide units: counseling, recruiting, marketing. 5 Analyzed Retention vs demographic. 6 eTextbook access available to publishers. 7 Kept for ever.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 40
  41. 41. Case 3: Distance education 1 Data collected in LMS. 2 Available to instructors for personalization purposes. 3 Analyzed performance vs demographic. 4 Some data considered for assessment. 5 Results used in scientific publication. 6 Results available to funding institutions. 7 Student right to request data removal.Abelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 41
  42. 42. johnthurm Flickr Privacy changed in Internet era Integrity of the Learning Context Appropriateness & Distribution Ethical and Implementation principlesAbelardo Pardo Practical privacy issues around Learning Analytics 42
  43. 43. danxoneil FlickrPractical privacy issuesaround Learning AnalyticsLearning Analytics and Knowledge 2013Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo)The University of Sydneywww.slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo
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