Periodic table-shells-valence
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
5,559
On Slideshare
5,553
From Embeds
6
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
39
Comments
0
Likes
2

Embeds 6

http://www.schoology.com 5
http://bu.brainhoney.com 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1.
    • Each row is called a “period”
    • The elements in each period have the same number of shells
    www.chem4kids.com
  • 2.
    • Each column is called a “group”
    • Each element in a group has the same number of valence electrons”.
    Except for He, it has 2 electrons
    • The electrons in the outer shell are called “ valence electrons”
    www.chem4kids.com
  • 3. Valence Electrons
    • Valence electrons are the electrons in the outer energy level of an atom.
    • These are the electrons that are transferred or shared when atoms bond together.
  • 4. 5
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. What does it mean to be reactive?
    • Elements that are reactive bond easily with other elements to make compounds.
    • What makes an element reactive?
    • An incomplete valence electron level.
    • All atoms (except hydrogen) want to have 8 electrons in their very outermost energy level (This is called the rule of octet.)
    • Atoms bond until this level is complete. Atoms with few valence electrons lose them during bonding. Atoms with 6, 7, or 8 valence electrons gain electrons during bonding.
  • 8. www.chem4kids.com
  • 9. www.chem4kids.com
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
    • Helium is the exception in Group 8.
    • Since it has just one shell, that shell can only fit 2 electrons instead of 8.
    • It is in this group because all the elements have a full outer shell.
  • 18.
    • How many valence electrons?
    • What group is this element in? Period?
  • 19.
    • How many valence electrons?
    • What group is this element in? Period?
  • 20.
    • How many valence electrons?
    • What group is this element in? Period?
  • 21.
    • How many valence electrons?
    • What group is this element in? Period?
  • 22.
    • How many valence electrons?
    • What group is this element in? Period?