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Taken from KMIS folrer

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A poster presented to ILRI by Kwaku.

A poster presented to ILRI by Kwaku.

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  • 1. Photo by A. Arden
    Sudan Ethiopia Uganda
    (with ASARECA, CARE, Egypt, FAO, ILRI, and IWMI)
    Nile Basin Water Productivity:Developing a shared vision for livestock productiona workshop of theCGIAR Challenge Program on Water & Food5-8 September, 2005 - Kampala, UgandaPresented by Don Peden
  • 2. Outline
    Description of the CPWF water-livestock project in the Nile Basin
    Workshop objectives
  • 3. PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
    PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia
    PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya
    PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia
    PO Box 5689
    Addis Ababa
    Ethiopia
    Improving Livestock Water Productivity in the Nile Basin(Project description)
    An activity project of theCGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food
    Implemented byInternational Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
    With management support from
    International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
    See project brochure for details
  • 4. What is the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)?
    Partnership:National and international research institutes, NGO and river basin communities.
    Problem:
    Human population and demand for food increasing
    70% of managed fresh water already used in agriculture
    Meeting demand for food will require more water unless water is used more efficiently or productively.
    Global Challenge:to identify ways and means to produce more food without using more water.
    River Basins:Yellow, Indo-Gangetic, São Francisco, Limpopo, Volta, Karkheh, Mekong, several in the Andes, and the Nile.
    More information: www.waterforfood.org
  • 5. Why livestock & water in the Nile?
    The Nile:
    3.3 million km2 - 10 riparian countries.
    180 million people.
    200+ million cattle, sheep, goats, camels & equines.
    Water for animal feed and human food about equal.
    > 50 billion m3 of water each
    Poorly managed animals contribute to degradation and contamination of water resources.
    Livestock contribute 10 to 40% of agricultural GDP.
    Livestock need and affect water resources but are mostly ignored in water resources development.
    Integrated livestock & water management can enable equitable, productive and sustainable use of Nile water.
  • 6. EGYPT
    SUDAN
    ETHIOPIA
    LAKE VICTORIA
    Livestock in the Nile River Basin
    High animal densities are found in diverse production systems Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt and around Lake Victoria
  • 7. Livestock in the Nile River Basin
    One TLU = 250 kg of live animal weight
    (equivalent to total weight of about 4 people)
  • 8. What is livestock-water productivity?
    LWP = ratio of total value of livestock products and services to water depleted in in producing them.
    Animal products and services include meat, milk, hides, eggs, manure, blood & farm power.
    Water depletion is water that has been used and cannot be re-used again by the same or another user (evaporation, transpiration and discharge).
    Based on water accounting principles.
  • 9. > Apply water accounting approach > Promote transpiration > Limit non-beneficial evaporation and discharge
    Balanced application of three strategies needed
    Food
    crops
    Trees
    Transpiration
    Pasture
    In - flow
    Drinking
    Run-off &
    Discharge
    Evaporation
    LWP:
    OUTUTS
    Meat
    Milk
    Hides
    Power
    Manure
    Wealth
    Culture
    Improved
    feed sourcing
    strategies
    Animal
    productivity
    enhancing
    strategies
    Rain
    Depletion
    Improved
    watering &
    grazing
    strategies
    Non-
    Beneficial
    outputs
    Surface
    In-flow
    Infiltration &
    ground water recharge
  • 10. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of feed sourcing and marketing strategies
    Make maximum sustainable use of rainfed crop residues.
    Promote markets for crop residues and by products from irrigation systems
  • 11. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of improved watering
    Separate animals from domestic water sources.
    Improved animal watering practices with proper drinking troughs to protect wells.
  • 12. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Example of improved grazing
    Shift from un-controlled grazing to zero grazing.
  • 13. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of enhancing animal productivity
    Provide veterinary care to control water-borne zoonotic diseases
    Utilize indigenous breeds adapted to water stress
    Uganda - Ankole
    Sudan - Kenana
  • 14. What is the role of Uganda?
    Makerere University and NARO
    Enhance understanding of livestock needs for and impact on water in:
    Uganda’s livestock corridor
    Mixed crop-livestock systems near L. Victoria
    Urban and peri-urban area.
    Contribute to a synthesis designed to identify win-win options for Nile countries.
  • 15. CPWF goal: more food security & less poverty through improved
    Project objectives:
    Increase livestock water productivity through better policy, technology and NRM practices.
    Household and community based innovations that improve farmers’ and herders’ livelihoods.
    Capacity Build for integrated water & livestock development.
    For the benefit of the peoples and countries
    of the Nile Basin.
  • 16. How will managing livestock-water productivity help people and the environment?
    Applying new knowledge about livestock water productivity through integrated livestock and water management will
    help ensure more productive, effective, equitable, and sustainable use of water resources in the Nile River basin.
  • 17. Who are our partners?
    ASARECA – Animal Agric. Research Network
    CARE Ethiopia
    Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization
    Ethiopian Rain Water Harvesting Association
    International Livestock Research Institute
    International Water Management Institute
    Makerere University, Uganda
    Ministry of Science and Technology, Sudan
    National Agricultural Research Organization, Uganda
    Nile Basin Society
    UN Food and Agricultural Organization
  • 18. Who are the investors?
    Denmark
    European Union
    France
    Germany
    IFAD
    International Foundation for Science
    Netherlands
    Norway
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    United Kingdom
    USA
    World Bank
  • 19. Workshop Objectives
    To consolidate our multi-national research team
    To achieve a common understanding of the project goals and what our roles will be
    To confirm the most important research questions to be tackled
    To enable the country and basin research teams to implement their respective project components to share data and results.
    To start work with collaborators and stakeholders
  • 20. Thank you!
    For more information, refer to the brochure included in your workshop folder.

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