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Che Guevara : Leadership Analysis


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The Leadership Analysis of Che Guevara and his Personality, includes Cuban revolution, south america, Fidel Castro, death, war, Argentina, Karl Marx, Lenin, hasta la vista, Leader, follower, …

The Leadership Analysis of Che Guevara and his Personality, includes Cuban revolution, south america, Fidel Castro, death, war, Argentina, Karl Marx, Lenin, hasta la vista, Leader, follower, charismatic leadership, Machiavellian Leadership, success, failure, war strategy, beliefs and conclusion

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  • 1. LeadershipAnalysis of By, Ruhi Abdulla Tata Rao
  • 2. Early Life• Ernesto „Che‟ Guevara was born on July 14th 1928 in Rosario, Argentina.• He was the eldest of 5 siblings.• His family was poor and his dad was a Left wing radical (Communist Idealist).• He studied medicine at Buenos Aires University
  • 3. Guevara’s rise to power• From 1950 he made a motorcycle journey around Latin America to see the country‟s economic impacts.• Throughout 4 years Guevara lived in multiple Latin countries and got married to Hilda Gadea.• Guevara joined Castros 26th July Movement
  • 4. Life In Cuba• Castro overthrew Batista in 1959 and took power in Cuba.• he guided the Castro regime towards alignment with the Soviet Union.• From 1959-1961, Guevara was president of the National Bank of Cuba, and then minister of industry. “The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is right, you have to make it fall !!”
  • 5. Hasta La Vista• The Cuban economy faltered as a result of American trade sanctions and unsuccessful reforms.• Guevara then spent several months in Africa, attempting to train rebel forces in guerrilla warfare.• He was executed on 9 October 1967 in the Bolivian village of La Higuera and his body was buried in a secret location. “I know you are here to kill me. Shoot, coward, you are only going to kill a man.”
  • 6. Elements of leadership• The different key elements are :  Leaders- Followers  Influence  Organizational Objectives  Change  People
  • 7. Elements of leadership• Leaders – Followers :- The widespread poverty and oppression he witnessed, fused with his interest in Marxism, convinced him that the only solution to South and Central Americas problems was armed revolution.• Influence :- After the success of guerrilla war , People started believing that Guvera will always do things that will bring profit and prosperity to Cuba .
  • 8. Elements of leadership• Organizational Objectives :- As a president of ministry of industry , he carried out plans for land redistribution and the nationalisation of industry.• Change :- He had brought a great change in the industrialization sector and also changing the face of Cuban revolution.• People : - He was a man who used to fight for others and used to face difficulties to defend others.
  • 9. Traits of Leaders• Confront reality head-on• Seek feedback and listen• Say what needs to be said• Encourage push back• Take action on performance issues
  • 10. Traits of Leaders• Communicate openly and frequently• Lead change• Make decision and move forward• Give credit to others
  • 11. Styles of Leadership• Che Guevara was influenced by the leadership styles of “Lenin, Stalin, Carl Marks”.• He wants to remove the social injustice from the society ….and believed that it will be happened by socialist society…• Now also, youth will attracted about the speeches, quotes of che, but it is not easy to explain the leadership style of che..
  • 12. Influenced By “Fidel Castro”• After completing his graduation he went to Mexico….and there Che first met Castro…(Cuban revolutionary leader)• Che influenced by the speeches of Castro….and want to join as medical practitioner in Castro‟s army..• That time only Che, learned the “Guerilla warfare techniques”.• After that attacked with 82 members of Guerilla warriors on the Batista‟s government.
  • 13. Contd.• After that Che ,formed an army of 3,000 members…..and lead the team…defeated the 30,000 professional army of Batista government.• After that.. Castro was the prime minister of the Cuba …and Che, held so many positions in the Castro‟s government.• Heart and brain of the Cuban revolution…
  • 14. Machiavellian Leadership• Machiavelli said in his book “prince”… The process is not at all important for the leader. The outcome is the main important thing for the leader.• So many people said that Che‟s leadership is this type…• “ Men are wicked, so leaders have to learn to be not good”.• Che was also followed the same leadership style in his life..• He was well-respected his men, at the same time he was notoriously violent for the enemies….
  • 15. Contd.• Incident 1:---“I ended my problem with 0.32 calibre pistol in the right side of hisbrain…now his belonging were mine….”• He executed so many people as brutally, when he is working as a prosecuting authority in the Castro‟s government.• Incident 2:--- “if you feel doubt, just hang him…..”
  • 16. Ineffective leadership• Che, is visionary leader in some aspects only….he failed in so many other aspects. Due to that only , Cuba suffering a lot now also..• Handover the lands …• Sugar industry collapse stage..• “Ineffective leader fails to produce the desirable change”…• Finally, I can say that Che, as a leader may succeeded in some aspects… but as a visionary he failed to bring reforms in the system… (Failure in “Change Management”)
  • 17. Success Story• Most complete human being.• Struggled through Asthma disease.• Advocate of armed revolution in South America.• Economic stability of Cuba.
  • 18. Contd..• Trusted by followers.• Che was treated like a celebrity.• With Fidel Castro overthrow Fulgencio Batista who was backed by the U.S.• Agreeable everywhere.
  • 19. Fighting Strategy and Beliefs• His method is not to negotiate but to make you surrender• Make a huge psychological impact.• No one can leave a another soldier on the battlefield.• If one leaves his weapon behind he must go back alone and get it.• In a town or city you must get to the highest point.• One column will be trying to gain this position while the others are risking their lives to protect them.• A revolution is an individual accepting the challenge and choosing to lead a society as a whole. Always have a B plan.
  • 20. Failures• Unsympathetic treatment of his fellow fighters deemed his intellectual inferiors.• Not a free-floating icon of rebellion.• Murdered millions more actual people.• Heroic defender of the poor to a cold-hearted executioner.• He wasn‟t Visionary
  • 21. Conclusion• Undoubtedly agreeable leader.• He failed as a visionary.• Failed To forecast the change
  • 22. Thank you…