The reason for any action.Psychological characteristic that drives an organism into action.Process whereby goal-directed activity is instigated & sustained.
“The inner force that derives individuals to accomplish personal & organizational goals”
FOOD SHELTER CLOTHING SECURITY BELONGingEsteem Self Actualization achievement power
Managers today are faced with motivating a very different workforce than not too many years ago. So, what can a manager do?First, it is important for managers to think in terms of flexibility. Not everyone views their job in the same way and therefore what motivates one person may not motivate another.Likewise, it is important to recognize the differences among people.Lastly, the manager must be able and willing to accommodate cultural differences. For example, the need for achievement is a North American concept and may not function in other cultures.
Another variation of the pay-for-performance concept is competency-based compensation. This is gaining quite wide reception as it pays and rewards people based on their skills, knowledge, abilities, and behaviours. Some of the competencies could include skills and behaviours such as leadership, problem-solving, or decision-making. Pay increases as people’s competencies grow and expand.
Professional and technical employees usually have a strong and long-term commitment to their field or expertise. Think about the new generation of computer specialists.Money and promotions tend to be low on their priority list as they tend to be well-paid and usually enjoy what they do. Therefore, more money or promotions will not necessarily increase motivation. So, what will?Managers can ensure that these employees have new assignments and challenging projects. Also, it is important to give them autonomy in getting the job done. Professional and technical employees like to keep current in their field, so give them additional training and educational opportunities where they can also network with their peers. And managers should reward them with recognition by calling on them to demonstrate their expertise. One of the more creative ways to motivate these employees is to provide help to simplify their non-work life. Many work long hours and may not have sufficient time for routine household chores. For example, Zero Knowledge Systems in Montreal provides laundry services at work where employees can get their clothes laundered and folded.
Other ways that a manager can motivate employees is to recognize them as individuals and match people to the jobs. Likewise, establishing goals that are attainable can go a long way to motivate employees to achieve great performance.
As mentioned in the sections about minimum wage and professional employees, one way to motivate is to individualize rewards and ensure that the rewards are linked to the performance. Too often people are rewarded whether the performance is good or not.It is also important to check your internal pay system for equity. Again, it doesn’t help motivate people if there is a perception of unfairness in the reward systems.And last, but certainly not least, do not ignore money as a motivator. If the pay isn’t as it should be, no matter how much effort the manager may put in recognizing and praising employees, people may not be motivated due to low pay levels.
WHAT IS MOTIVATION? Give behavior purpose & Will to achieve directionInternal drive to Arouse a purposive satisfy an un behavior to achieve satisfied need unmet need
Motivation is operationally defined as• The reason for any action.• Psychological characteristic that drives an organism into action.• Process whereby goal- directed activity is instigated & sustained.
Types of Motivation Intrinsic Motivation• Achievement• Growth• Recognition• Responsibility• Produce job satisfaction
Types of MotivationExtrinsic Motivation• Salary• Job security
Motivation Cycle NEEDS Physiological / (Deprivation) Psychological Deficiency DRIVES GOALS IndividualAchieves particular (Deprivation Behaves in a (Reduction of goal with certain manner drives) direction)
Successful motivation involves: • Getting people to do what you want them to do • When you want them to do it • The way you want them to do it • Because they want to do it
Motivation through teamspirit and loyaltyFive of you shall chase a hundred, and a hundred of youshall put ten thousand to fight; your enemies shall fall bythe sword before you.
Different Application of Motivation SelfStudentEmployees
SELF MOTIVATION• Inspiration behind your behavior and actions.• Help you to reach your goals, without external influence.• Improves your confidence & self-esteem, as well as gives you strength to achieve your goals.
How to Motivate Yourself• Start Dreaming• People Influence• Reading inspirational Books• Positive attitude• Make realistic goals Procrastination is your enemy• Consistency• Procrastination is your enemy• Never Quit
Dream :Without having a dream, youcannot achieve anything. Youmust have observed howobsessed great men are with theirdreams. Everyone is aware ofMartin Luther King, Jrs famousspeech, I Have A Dream. Onlywhen you have a dream, you willbe determined to follow it andmake it real.
Motivating a Student• Goals are about where wewant to be.•which goals we set•which goals we value•which goals we keepworking at. Goals are related to who we Want To Be.
Motivating StudentsA student’s level ofmotivation can be‘multiply determined’ (i.e.be supported by morethan one underlyingbehavioral principle)
Elements of Effective Motivation-BuildingEnvironment Community Payoffs Learning Activities Challenges
Motivating a Diverse Workforce• Flexibility – Not everyone sees their job the same way- what motivates me may not motivate you• Recognize differences – People are Different• Accommodate – Cultural Differences