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First Aid is the immediate and temporary care given to an injured or sick person until the services of a qualified doctor are obtained with such material as may be available. The first aid is not an end by itself. It indicates that the person is in need of a secondary aid. First aid is based on the knowledge of a life saving skill. FIRST AID
How to prioritize intensity and urgency of injuries?
How to recognize life-threatening signs and take appropriate actions? How to anticipate and treat early-stage shock? How to control bleeding? How to apply splint and immobilize fractures, sprains, and joint injuries? How to connect with your area’s disaster-response network?
Generic Action Plan: Master Plan for the first 24 hours. Techniques for lifting and moving the injured, with rescuer safety. What to do in the next few days - Infection Control, and protecting yourself from environmental hazards such as exposure to heat & cold.
All victims must undergo an assessment, even those that are awake.
Verbal assessments , for those able to speak, consists of asking the person about any injuries, pain, bleeding, or other symptoms he/she is aware of and can express.
Hands-on assessments consists of asking the person for permission to assess them if they are awake and coherent and paying close attention: Look, listen, and feel for anything unusual.
What to check : Perform the assessment always in the same order so that you will complete each assessment quickly and accurately, checking body parts from top to bottom. Treat victims as if they have a spinal injury until you are certain they do not. Examine the:
Head, Neck & Shoulders
Chest, Arms & Abdomen
Pelvis, Legs & Back
What to look for : Look for anything indicating an injury. Most common injuries include lacerations, fractures, and bruises, but anything out of the ordinary may be an indicator, such as changes in color, temperature and pulse.
Check for Circulation Put your index and middle finger on the side of their neck in the hollow between the Adam's apple (or approximate area) and the neck muscle. Can you feel a pulse (the throb felt in an artery with each heartbeat)?