F I R E PREVENTION AND RESPONSE http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Develop your fire prevention and emergency preparedness program Remember: Safety First – Don’t you become victim!
S Save life - if safe to do so
F Fight the fire - if safe to do so
Fire Prevention Goals Remember “ S A F E “ http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Awareness of firefighting Dawn: July 18, 2005
About 70 per cent of those who die in fire incidents in the country lose their lives mainly because they do not have proper awareness to deal with the situation.
The proper awareness could help people put out fire quickly and prevent it from spreading. This could save people from being hurt or suffer losses.
Fire when out of control, has no friends no moral values respects no barriers & recognizes no boundaries
X _/ _/ http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com Stop fire before it starts
Learn NOT TO BURN
Heat Fuel Oxygen TRIANGLE OF FIRE The basic strategy of fire prevention is to control or isolate sources of fuel and heat in order to prevent combustion Suitable Temperature http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Types of Fire
Not all fires are the same, and they are classified according to the type of fuel that is burning.
Types of Fire D http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Class - A
Wood, paper, cloth, trash, plastics
Solid combustible materials that are not metals.
Class - B
Flammable liquids: gasoline, oil, grease, acetone
Any non-metal in a liquid state, on fire. This classification also includes flammable gases.
Class – C or E
Electrical: energized electrical equipment
As long as it's "plugged in," it would be considered C class fire.
Metals: potassium, sodium, aluminum, magnesium Unless you work in a laboratory or in an industry that uses these materials, it is unlikely you'll have to deal with a Class D fire. It takes special extinguishing agents (Metal-X, foam) to fight such a fire.
Class D – http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Tips to remember
Most fire extinguishers will have a pictograph label telling you which classifications of fire the extinguisher is designed to fight. For example, a simple water extinguisher might have a label like the one below, indicating that it should only be used on Class A fires.
If you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on the wrong class of fire, you can, in fact, make situation worse.
APW stands for "air-pressurized water." APWs are large, silver extinguishers that are filled about two-thirds of the way with ordinary tap water, then pressurized with normal air. In essence, an APW is just a giant squirt gun.
APWs stand about 2 feet tall and weigh approximately 25 pounds when full.
APWs are designed for Class A (wood, paper, cloth) fires only http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Carbon Dioxide extinguishers are filled with non-flammable carbon dioxide gas under extreme pressure. You can recognize a CO2 extinguisher by its hard horn and lack of pressure gauge. The pressure in the cylinder is so great that when you use one of these extinguishers, bits of dry ice may shoot out the horn.
CO2 cylinders are red and range in size from 5 lbs to 100 lbs or larger. In the larger sizes, the hard horn will be located on the end of a long, flexible hose.
CO2s are designed for Class B and C (flammable liquid and gas) fires only
Dry Chemical Extinguishers come in a variety of types.
You may see them labeled:
"DC" short for "dry chemical"
"ABC" indicating that they are designed to extinguish class A, B, and C fires, or
"ABC" fire extinguishers are filled with a fine yellow powder. The greatest portion of this powder is composed of mono-ammonium phosphate. Nitrogen is used to pressurize the extinguishers.
ABC extinguishers are red and range in size from 5 lbs to 20 lbs on campus.
Foam Fire Extinguishers
When applied to a fire it discharges a jet of foam which forms a fire extinguishing film on the surface of the fire helping prevent re-ignition after the fire is extinguished.
Suitable on fires including paper, wood, straw, textiles, petrol and oil.
It is not suitable for fires involving live electrical equipment.
Class “D” extinguishers contain a sodium chloride based dry chemical extinguishing agent. This type of extinguisher is designed for use in areas where combustible metals are present. Class “D” Extinguisher http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
Fire Types, Extinguishing Agents, and Methods Usually remove air Special agents Combustible Metals Breaks chain reaction Dry chemical Removes air CO 2 Electrical Equipment Breaks chain reaction Dry chemical Removes air Foam CO 2 Flammable Liquids Breaks chain reaction Dry chemical Removes air and heat Foam Removes heat Water Ordinary Solid Materials Method Agent Extinguishing Fire Type A B C D
How to use a Fire Extinguisher? P A S S P ull the Pin A im the Nozzle at Fire S queeze the Lever S weep
Wrong Methods of Extinguishing the Fire http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
How to use a Fire Extinguisher? Correct Method
Sweep from side to side.
Stand atleast 5-8 feet back from the fire.
Discharge the entire contents of the extinguisher.
What to do? If you discover a Fire http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
What to do in case of a fire? Raise Fire Alarm or Shout Fire, Fire 1
What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 16 2 Telephone Fire Service on CALL FOR HELP and provide more details about the fire http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3 Use appropriate Fire Extinguisher If it is safe to do so, you may fight small, contained fire with Fire Extinguisher
What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3. Use Appropriate Fire Extinguisher 4 Immediately exit the building, using the stairs & closing the doors. DO NOT USE ELEVATORS Evacuate to a pre-decided Safe Point and head count http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com
What to do in case of a fire? 1. Raise Fire Alarm 2. Telephone Fire Service on 16 3. Use Appropriate Fire Extinguisher 4. Evacuate to Assembly Point 5 Shutoff Utility Valves Learn how to shut off Gas and Electricity Gas Shutoff Electricity Shutoff
If Trapped in a fire ?
If Trapped in a Room
Seal all doors and vents with duct tape or towels
to prevent smoke from entering the room.
Close as many doors as possible between
you and the fire.
Open a window at the top and bottom so fresh
air can enter. Be ready to close the window
immediately if it draws smoke into the room.
Be prepared to signal to someone outside.
If Forced to Advance Through Flames
Hold your breath.
Cover your head and hair.
Keep your head down and your eyes
closed as much as possible.
Drop to hands and knees and crawl toward exit.
Hold your breath as much as possible.
Breath shallowly through nose, and use a filter such as a shirt or towel.
If Caught in Smoke There is less smoke down there, so it's easier to breathe and see where you are going.
Stop, Drop and Roll. http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com If you catch fire, do not run!
Install Smoke Detectors
On every level of your Room/Office building
First line of defense
Fire suppression Safety
Use the following guidelines when approaching and suppressing a fire:
Do not attempt to suppress a fire that is clearly too large for the equipment at hand.
Work in a buddy system.
Always have two ways to exit the fire area.
Approach smoke-filled areas correctly:
Feel closed doors with the back of the hand. If the door is hot, DANGER! - there is fire behind it! DO NOT OPEN THE DOOR or you will risk the door hitting you, being vacuumed into the room, the fire flashing out at you, or creating an explosion.
Fire suppression Safety … Contd..
Confine the fire by keeping doors closed.
Stay low to the ground.
Always know a second escape route.
Maintain a safe distance, remembering the effective extinguisher range.
Move around the perimeter of the fire to maximize coverage of the extinguisher agent.
Prevent rekindling of the fire:
Locate hidden burning material.
Extinguish and safely remove it.
Remove heat by cooling.
Join hands together to save people and property from the ferocity of ruthless fires
For more topics: Please visit: http://disaster-risk-management.blogspot.com Thank you for your time