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Optimal Health (1)

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  • 1. Nutrilite Start It Right! Workshop
  • 2. Not Perfect Health. But Optimal Health!
  • 3. Achieving Optimal Health  Nutrition and Supplementation.  Body.  Mind.  Choice.
  • 4. Understanding Nutrition A balanced diet is essential to good health. Every diet should include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals. Remember that balance, variety and moderation are key to maintaining good health.
  • 5. Principles Of Nutrition Macronutrients  Carbohydrates, protein, fats. Micronutrients  Vitamins, minerals, antioxidants. Other Food Factors  Fibre, water, phytonutrients.
  • 6. Macronutrients  Carbohydrates are the body’s preferred energy source.  Fats are a source of essential fatty acids and fat soluble vitamins.  Proteins are essential for growth, maintenance and repair.
  • 7. Protein  Essential for growth and repair of worn out cells.  Formation of all structures – nails, hair, skin and internal organs.  For blood formation.  Formation of antibodies and hormones.
  • 8. Micronutrients  Vitamins help the body perform necessary biochemical processes in cells and tissues.  Minerals activate hormones and are involved in vital enzyme systems.
  • 9. Antioxidants  Are substances that protect the cells, the tissues and other substances from oxidative damage.  The major antioxidants are vitamin C, E and beta carotene.
  • 10. Other Food Factors Water  Every cell in our body needs water to transport nutrients and oxygen, and remove wastes.  Water helps prevent constipation by keeping stools soft.
  • 11. Fibre  Fiber helps to maintain a healthy digestive tract and facilitate elimination.  Sources include fruits, vegetables, wholegrains legumes and cereals.
  • 12. Phytonutrients  Food components with nutritional value.  These compounds play a vital role in optimal health and well-being.
  • 13. Why Supplement? - Food Choices  The type, quantity and quality of food we choose affects optimal health.  Eating healthy is a challenge.
  • 14. Why Supplement? - Food Choices Eat Most Fruits, vegetables, legumes, breads, cereals. Eat Moderately Lean meat, fish, eggs, chicken without skin, nuts, dairy products. Eat Least Fats, oils, butter, margarine, sugar.
  • 15. Why Supplement? - Food Habits  Convenience.  Taste.  Processing.  Transport and Storage.  cleaning and Cooking.  Cooking Losses.
  • 16. Why Supplement? - Nutrient Robbers  Coffee and tea can reduce absorption of iron from food.  Inhibit iron absorption: One cup with a hamburger meal: – Tea - 64% – Coffee - 39% Am J Clin Nutr 1983;37:416-420
  • 17. Why Supplement? Nutrient Robbers
  • 18. Why Supplement? - Special Nutritional Needs Medication Stress
  • 19. Lifestages - Childhood Common deficiency: Iron  Important for brain development  As many as one in five toddlers is iron deficient. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med, 1997;151:986
  • 20. Lifestages - Adolescence  This is a period of rapid growth.  Iron is needed in higher levels especially during adolescence due to an increase in blood volume.  Iron is needed to replace menstrual losses in girls.
  • 21. Lifestages - Adolescence Common deficiency: Calcium  Increased bone mass Aim for 3+ servings of calcium- rich foods: Calcium recommendation:  800-1200 mg (1-10 years)  1200-1500 mg (11-24 years)
  • 22. Lifestages - Adult Women can lose 3% bone mass per year in the 5-7 years following menopause.
  • 23. Lifestages - Pregnancy  Calcium  Iron  Folic Acid Supplementation reduced risk of having a baby with a neural tube defect by 40-85%. NEJM 1999;341:1485-1490
  • 24. Lifestages - Elderly  Impaired absorption  Poor teeth condition  Interactions between medication and nutrients

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