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3.5

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sociological approach …

sociological approach

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  • 1. Hashim Noor 1/15
  • 2. The idea of Sociological ApproachIn late 1970s and early1980s research attentionbegan to be given to thesocial context of adultSLA. Hashim Noor 2/15
  • 3. This becomes known asAcculturation/sociologicalApproach Hashim Noor 3/15
  • 4.  What is Acculturation? Acculturation is the process of becoming adapted to the culture of the new or second language. Hashim Noor 4/15
  • 5. AcculturationA result of the social andpsychological distancebetween the learner and thenative speakers of the L2. Hashim Noor 5/15
  • 6. Social DistanceThe learner believes that no needto communicate with the L2society. This will increase socialdistance which will affect thelearner’s L2 to become simple(simplified L2 grammar), sufficientonly for communicative success. Hashim Noor 6/15
  • 7. Example of the simplification:Omission of the morphologicalinflections (-’s, -ing), function words(determiners & auxiliaries), subordinateclause, etc.: * He run quickly instead of He is running quickly. Hashim Noor 7/15
  • 8. Example of the simplification: *I’m come by bus. *She very pretty *They written good English Hashim Noor 7/15
  • 9. Note….- The more decreasing the socialdistance between the learnerand native speakers of the L2,the faster the developmenttowards the L2 norm. Hashim Noor 8/15
  • 10.  Note…. - If the social distance fails to decrease, the L2 learner’s grammar will fossilize (that is, his grammar becomes simplified). Hashim Noor 9/15
  • 11. Psychological DistanceIt is a result of personal factors: e.g. language shock, culture stress, motivation, needs, etc. Hashim Noor 10/15
  • 12. Note….- When the psychologicaldistance is high, the learnerwill fail to convert input intointake (that is fail to get thebest of this input and make itavailable any time the learnercalls). Hashim Noor 11/15
  • 13. Pidgin LanguageWhen there are hindrances(difficulties) to acculturation, theL2 learner will not make progressbeyond the early stages ofacquisition of the L2, and hislanguage will stay pidignized. Hashim Noor 12/15
  • 14. Examples of pidginlanguage: * No have money *When he come here * Jack book Hashim Noor 13/15
  • 15. Note….- Acculturation model for SLAshows us why L2 learners oftenfails to achieve native-likecompetence due to social and/orpsychological distance. Hashim Noor 14/15
  • 16. Hashim Noor 15/15