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  1. 1. Areas of?Applied Linguistics Dr. Hashim Noor
  2. 2. • You’ve seen the definitions of the term AL and how this science tries to solve problems arise in area of language learning or acquisition. Now we’ll see what areas AL can cover. Dr. Hashim Noor
  3. 3. Areas of AL•Language teaching•Language policy & language planning•Speech pathology/therapy•Lexicography and dictionary making•Translation & interpretation•Computer assisted language learning Dr. Hashim Noor
  4. 4. Language Teaching AL can be seen as providing the intellectual basis for advances in language teaching in numerous contexts in a number of countries. Dr. Hashim Noor
  5. 5. Language Teaching AL does not take developments in linguistics and look for ways of applying them to teaching. Instead, the problems faced in language teaching are solved with the help of linguistics Dr. Hashim Noor
  6. 6. Language Policy and Language PlanningAL assists language planners byproviding answers to questions like:to whom the policy/plan applies andat what level. AL also plays a vital role in planning the national or local language(s) of concerned countries. Dr. Hashim Noor
  7. 7. Speech Therapy/PathologySpeech therapy/pathology is activitiesand exercises designed to help relieveor overcome language problems orspeech defects or to help someoneregain the use of speech after havingsuffered speech loss. Dr. Hashim Noor
  8. 8. Speech Therapy/Pathology AL incorporates into many professional training courses for treating patients with speech disorders by speech therapists. Dr. Hashim Noor
  9. 9. Lexicography and Dictionary MakingA new generation of lexicographershas emerged whose loyalty lie withAL. Sinclair’s Cobuild Dictionary(1987) is a principal example of theway applied linguists contribute tolexicography. Dr. Hashim Noor
  10. 10. Lexicography and Dictionary MakingThis dictionary is a computerizeddatabase designed to link thelearning of vocabulary thematicallyto real-world communicativecontexts. Dr. Hashim Noor
  11. 11. Translation and Interpretation The training of translators and interpreters now often includes training in AL, specifically in the area of contrastive analysis where the translator is trained to point out the areas of similarities and differences between languages concerned. Dr. Hashim Noor
  12. 12. Computer Assisted Language Learning Many programmes and software have been developed to assist in learning and teaching languages. Dr. Hashim Noor
  13. 13. CALL / CAIA. Teaching programme presented by a computer in a sequence. The student responds on the computer, and the computer indicates whether the responses are correct or in correct. Dr. Hashim Noor
  14. 14. CALL / CAIA. The use of computer to monitor students’ progress and direct them to the appropriate lessons, material, etc. Dr. Hashim Noor
  15. 15. CALL / CAIA. The use of computer to provide exploratory environments for language learning by presenting problems in need for resolution and providing tools for further learning. Dr. Hashim Noor
  16. 16. We have so far discussed some ofthe applications of the findings ofAL in relation to other scienceslike psychology, education,medicine, computer science, etc. Dr. Hashim Noor
  17. 17. In relation to our main aim aslanguage teachers, we will see howAL concentrates on the study ofsecond and foreign languagelearning and acquisition. Itconcentrates more on the languagelearner. In fact, it considers thelanguage learners as the centre of thewhole learning process. See this… Dr. Hashim Noor
  18. 18. Applied Linguistics acquisition behaviourstrategies The processing of Learne the language rmotivation attitude errors & aptitude Dr. Hashim Noor
  19. 19. Dr. Hashim Noor