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AlternativeEnergy at SQUDone by:• Mohammed Al Bulooshi• Abdul-Malik Al Khazimi• Majid Al Jabri• Mohammed Al Bulooshi
Introduction a bout Energy Definition of Energy Types of Energy Hydro Power Background Advantages and Disadvantages System Used Solar Energy Background Advantages and Disadvantages System Used Molten Salt (new technology) Interview
Introduction about Energy What is energy? The ability to do work. Need for energyThe use of energy will be doubled in the next 25 year Fuel type Average power in TW 1980 2004 2006 Oil 4.38 5.58 5.74 Gas 1.80 3.45 3.61 Coal 2.34 3.87 4.27 Hydroelectric 0.60 0.93 1.00 Nuclear power 0.25 0.91 0.93 Geothermal, wind, 0.02 0.13 0.16 solar energy, wood Total 9.48 15.0 15.8
Types of energy Non-renewable Energy: it is energy which is taken from the sources that are available on the earth in limited quantity and will vanish fifty-sixty years from now Renewable Energy: It is energy obtained from the continues or repetitive current of energy occurring in natural environment.
Non-renewable source Examples: fossil fuels (gas, oil and coal). Nuclear fuels. Disadvantages Environment impact (pollution, acidic rain, global warming and climate change) Finite (will expire in 50-100 years)
Renewable Sources: Examples: Solar power Wind power Geothermal power Ocean power Hydro power Advantages: Cheap (at the long period) Clean Easy used Reliable Infinite (not finished)
Why should we conserve energy? Energy needs to be conserved to protect our environment from drastic changes, to save it. The two main renewable sources which are available in Oman: Hydropower energy. Solar energy.
Hydropower Energy What is hydropower energy?Using moving water to produce electricity. Top hydroelectric generating countries 350 300 250 Billion 200kilowatt 150 100 50 0 France India Sweden Jaban Norway Chaina Brazial united states anada c
Advantages of Using Hydropower Renewable. Clean (No pollution). Long life span. No waste products. High efficiency (80%).
Disadvantages of Hydropower High Cost Floods natural areas Converts land habitat to lake habitat
Solar Energy What is Solar Energy?Solar Energy is the energy that is produced by the sunin the form of heat and light. Top 5 countries using solar power: 1. Germany (9,785 MW) 2. Spain (3,386 MW) 3. Japan (2,633 MW) 4. United States (1,650 MW) 5. Italy (1,167 MW)
Advantages of Using Solar Energy Renewable. Clean (No pollution). Low maintenance. Easy Installation. Economically viable.
Disadvantages of Solar Energy initialCost Location and installing area Efficiency (40%) Reliability