Fluency

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Fluency

  1. 1. FLUENCY How you can use different strategies to increase your students’ fluency
  2. 2. WHAT IS FLUENCY? <ul><li>Rate---how fast---not too slow; not too fast </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy---how correctly the words are said </li></ul><ul><li>Prosody---expression; smoothness </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHY SHOULD I BE CONCERNED ABOUT FLUENCY?
  4. 4. INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES
  5. 5. READ ALOUD <ul><li>Students need to hear how a good reader reads fluently </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher led read alouds using great expression show proper fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Students have a role model on how they should read </li></ul>
  6. 6. -- BUDDY OR STUDENT-TEACHER READING <ul><li>Working in guided reading groups, one on one tutoring sessions, or buddy/partner readings also models fluent reading for students </li></ul><ul><li>Students can also increase their accuracy by pairing students with higher functioning readers or with a tutor/teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Echo reading also allows students to hear the text read by a teacher and then allows them to try it on their own </li></ul>
  7. 7. REPEATED READINGS <ul><li>Repeated readings of familiar text allows students to become more accurate and more speedy </li></ul><ul><li>Younger students can re-read the same story repeatedly </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated readings can also be used to graph progress of fluency rate </li></ul>
  8. 8. SIX MINUTE FLUENCY SOLUTION <ul><li>Minute 1: Students gather materials & go to their assigned location </li></ul><ul><li>Minute 2: Partner 1 reads & Partner 2 monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Minute 3: Peer conference & graphing </li></ul><ul><li>Minute 4: Partner 2 reads & Partner 1 monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Minute 5: Peer conference & graphing </li></ul><ul><li>Minute 6: Materials are put away </li></ul><ul><li>Program from Sopris-West </li></ul><ul><li>How It Works </li></ul>
  9. 9. SIX MINUTE FLUENCY COMPARISON <ul><li>Only takes a few minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Students are self-directed </li></ul><ul><li>Based on students’ independent reading level—program provides multiple levels </li></ul><ul><li>Graphing provides monitoring progress </li></ul><ul><li>RTI approved intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction text-exposes new content information </li></ul><ul><li>Students may be inaccurate in peer monitoring & graphing </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers must be flexible in grouping due to levels, number of students, absences </li></ul><ul><li>Nonfiction—does not lend itself to students practicing reading with expression </li></ul><ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul>
  10. 10. WORD LISTS <ul><li>Repeated readings of word lists are also helpful with younger students or struggling readers </li></ul><ul><li>High Frequency words or Word family lists </li></ul><ul><li>Chunking—repeated readings of familiar, common phrases students see in their daily reading </li></ul><ul><li>Games & Centers can be created to practice these words or phrases </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fcrr.org/Curriculum/studentCenterActivities23.shtm </li></ul>
  11. 11. READER’S THEATRE <ul><li>Scripts/plays that allow students to practice prosody well </li></ul><ul><li>Can be as simple or extravagant as the teacher chooses---simply read script from desks to acting out the play with props and costumes </li></ul><ul><li>www.readingatoz.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.edhelper.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aaronshep.com/rt/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachingheart.net/readerstheater.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.storiestogrowby.com/script.html </li></ul>
  12. 12. UNIQUE SCRIPTED READINGS <ul><li>Call and Response </li></ul><ul><li>Choral Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Script for Two Voices </li></ul>
  13. 13. POETRY <ul><li>Repeated reading of poetry suggested by IRA states that students can read the same poem to different people repeatedly---Poem in Your Pocket </li></ul><ul><li>Memorization of Poems for advanced readers can help with students accuracy and expression </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Reading Fluency Using Poetry by Teacher Created Resources </li></ul>
  14. 14. FLUENCY IS WORTHWHILE <ul><li>Fluency activities will make a difference in your students’ daily readings and assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Fluency is a key building block to help students achieve good comprehension and to help students enjoy reading </li></ul>

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