Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Expressions for discussion and debate
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Expressions for discussion and debate

7,396

Published on

0 Comments
8 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,396
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
694
Comments
0
Likes
8
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATEAsking someone for their opinion § That’s a difficult question to answer, because…about a topic § That’s a tough question to answer, because…Yes/No Questions § To be honest, that’s a difficult question, because … § Do you believe in …? § That’s a very good question. The reality is § Do you believe in …? that … § Do you think we should …? § What do you mean by that? § Do you think everybody should …? § What do you mean by …? § Do you think that…? § Well, it depends on what you mean… § Would you consider …? § Well, if you ask me, it all depends on your § Would you ever consider …? circumstances… § Well....OR Questions Asking someone information § Are you for or against …? § Would you prefer…? § Would you rather …? § I’d like to know § What is better: - … or …? § I’m interested in § Could you tell me..?WH Questions § Could I ask about …? § Do you know if…? § What do you think of …? § Do you know what….is? § What do you think of …? § Do you happen to know whether or not…? § What do you think of package holidays? § Do you happen to know what…. Is? § What do you think is the problem between … and …? Presenting arguments § What do you think is the problem with …? § What do you think are the causes of …? Presenting the most important point § What are the advantages and disadvantages…? § The main thing is… § The most important thing is…Negative Yes/No Questions § Primarily § Most importantly, § Don’t they…? § Don’t you think it’s better to …? Presenting a number of arguments § Don’t you understand that …? § Don’t you see that …? § First of all, … § Can’t you see that …? § Firstly, … § Wouldn’t it be better to …? § Well, firstly … § Wouldn’t it be wiser to …? § To begin with, … § Wouldn’t you agree that …? § I’d start by … § Why shouldn’t they? § For a start, … § There’re two points here. Firstly, …Delaying Strategies Secondly, … § There are two problems here…. Moreover § I can’t answer that directly. § You also have to consider § I’ll need time to think about that. § That’s a very interesting question, because… 1
  • 2. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATEAdding an argument Agreeing § Also, .... Expressing complete agreement § Again, that depends on … § In addition, … § Exactly! § What’s more, … § Precisely! § I might add that… § Totally! § Perhaps I should also mention… § Absolutely! § Not to mention the fact that … § That’s right! § Plus the fact that… § Correct! § Not only that, but… § You’re right! § You’re so right!Giving your opinion about a topic § That’s so true! § I couldn’t agree with you more!Expressing a strong opinion § I’m with you on that § That’s just what I was thinking! § In my opinion, … § That’s exactly what I think. § In my view, … § That’s a good point. § In my reckoning, … § That’s just how I see it. § I strongly believe in … § My feelings exactly. § I definitely think that … § I’ll say! § Well, if you ask me, … § You can say that again! § Well, I think … § I believe Agreeing in part § I strongly believe § I have a reason to believe § Yes, perhaps, however ... § I’m sure that… § Well, yes, but ... § I’m pretty sure that… § Yes, in a way, however ... § Hmm, possibly, but ...Expressing a strong value ( It’s / They’re + value § Yes, I agree up to a point, however ...adjective) § Well, you have a point there, but ... § Theres something there, I suppose, § It’s a nonsense to … however... § ... It’s a scandal, because … § I guess you could be right, but ... § It’s perfect for … § Yes, I suppose so, however ... § It’s wrong… Likewise, … § Thats worth thinking about, but ... § They’re ideal … Expressing conditional agreementExpressing certainty § I’d agree with you if … § According to government statistics, … § I’d certainly agree if you’re thinking of … § Actually, … § In fact, … § Clearly, … § Obviously, … § People have always … § People just won’t continue to … § Without doubt, … § There’s no doubt that …. § Undoubtedly § Surely, … 2
  • 3. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATE Disagreeing in part ( appeal to logic )Disagreeing § Not necessarily § That doesn’t necessarily follow.Expressing complete disagreement § That’s not necessarily true § That isn’t strictly true. § I don’t think so! § I disagree § I disagree entirely. Countering § I’m afraid I can’t agree. § I’m afraid you’re wrong Countering directly (through antithesis) § On the contrary! § But § Definitely not! § But who can say that …? § Rubbish! § But why …? § Nonsense! § But if … § That’s ridiculous! § But surely, … § Never in a million years! § Countering politely (through agreement followedUsing irony to express disagreement by antithesis) § Come off it! § Yes, but remember that § Come on! § Yes, but it isn’t that … § Do you really think so? § What! Countering politely (through partial agreement § You can’t actually mean that! followed by antithesis) § You can’t be serious! § Are you pulling my leg? § That may be so, but … § Are you kidding? § That may be true, but … § You must be kidding! § That may be so, … § That might have been the case once, but …Dismissing an argument as irrelevant or § Well, maybe they do, but …improbable. § You may be right about …, but .. § Maybe…But the problem is… § That isn’t the point. § That’s a good idea, but… § That’s highly debatable. § That’s a good point, but… § That’s highly unlikely. § I’d love to, but… § That would be great, except that…Disagreeing diplomatically (through doubt) § That may be so, but… § Possibly, but… § I wonder whether that’s the case. § …, but what I’m concerned with is… § Hmmm, I’m not sure about that.. § …, but what I’m afraid of is… § I’m not sure (that) it works like that. § …, but what bothers me is… § I’m not so sure about that. § …, but what I don’t like is… § I’m not so certain § …, but what I’m concerned with is… § Well, I’m not sure whether you can really … § Well, I don’t know… Countering using "after all" "at least" "even so" § Well, it depends… both for concession and antithesis § I’m inclined to disagree with that… § … After all, … § At least there’s … § But at least… § Well, even so, … 3
  • 4. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATELogical Argument ClarificationQuestions or conclusions based on conditions Asking someone to repeatwith "if" § Pardon me? § Pardon? § If …, why don’t they just …? § Excuse me? § What if …? § Sorry? § And what happens if …? § I’m sorry? § What would happen then if …? § I beg you pardon? § If that is so…, (then) …. § Could you say that again? § That would be true if… § Would you repeat that please? § You would be right if… § Would you mind repeating that please? § That would make sense if… § Sorry, what did you say? § It’d be O.K. if … § Sorry, what was that? § What’s that again?Questions based on conditions with sentenceadverbials " then" and "so" When you can’t follow the logical progression in someone’s argument § But if you… Then how do you go about …? § Then can you tell me what’s wrong with …? § You lost me there. § I’m lost. § I’m not following.Expressing Cause and effect § I don’t follow. § I didn’t get that.Cause § The reason why… is … Asking for clarification through short Yes/No § The reason why … is that … Questions inviting illustration or example. § Due to …,… § Because… § And are they right? § Because of… § Does that make it ok? § Because…, § Can you be a bit more specific? § Since…, § Are you saying that …?. § …is why… § Are we talking about …?Result Clarification through "What" or "How" § For this reason,… Questions inviting illustration or § For this reason alone, … example. § Owing to this, … § This is why … § What’s wrong with that? § That’s why… § What’s wrong with …?. § This is the reason why … § What do you mean? § Therefore § What do you mean by …? § So § What are you trying to say? § As a result § In what way? § Consequently,… § How do you mean? § Thus,… § Why do you say that?. § Why is that § Why not? § Can you explain why …? § Why do you think that? 4
  • 5. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATEGiving clarification / Reiteration through Interruptingreference to subject Polite interruption § I’m talking about … § Sorry, but… § I’m saying that … § May I say something? § What I’m saying is that … § May I add something? § The whole point of this is that… § May I ask a question? § That’s what this discussion’s about. § I’d like to say something about that § I’m talking about … Holding the floorGiving clarification after misunderstanding § Hold on § What I mean is… § Hold on a second § What I meant is… § Yes, I was about to mention that. § What I’m saying is… § Well, I was about to come to th.t § What I’m trying to say is… § Sorry, I haven’t finished yet § Don’t get me wrong… § … I haven’t made my point yet § Don’t misunderstand me… § … I’m about to make my point § Let me put it another way, … § … I’m almost done § That’s not what I said… § … If you could just give me a second § That’s not what I meant § ... If you let me finish, I’ll tell you! § What I said was… § Please let me finish § What I really said/mean/meant… § Could you wait until I’m done? § You must have misunderstood me… § I’m talking here! § Let’s get it straight… § Would you let me finish? § Would you hold on a second?Illustrating a point When two people start speaking at the same time § For example, … § For instance, … § Please § Take for example … § Go ahead § A classic example of this is… § You first § A classic example of this would be… § Please, I can wait § To illustrate my point… § It wasn’t all that relevant § Let me give you an example… § It wasn’t important § Just as an example, let me … § Never mind.Expressing solutions and alternatives Specific cases § The solution is to … Then you will ... § In that case § The best way to … is … § In that respect § To …, you really have to …. § If you are talking about…, then… § There are many choices. You can … You § As far as that goes… can ….... § On that point… § Alternatively, … § Instead, … § The alternative is… 5
  • 6. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATEExceptions Conclusions § There are exceptions, of course… § To make a long story short,… § One should mention, or course… § So in short,… § An exception to that is… § So you see… § This does include… § So, finally,… § Except of course… § So,… § One exception is… § All in all,… § Another exception is… § In the end,… § To conclude,…Getting back to the point § To sum up,… § To summarize,… § Summing up, … § Anyway § To put it simply,… § In any case,… § To put it in a few words, … § To return to… § In a nutshell,… § Returning back to… § In brief, … § To get back to the point… § To be brief,… § Let’s get back to the point… § Where was I? § What were we talking about?Generalizations § Generally,… § In general, … § As a rule,… § Usually, § Typically, § By and large, § On average, § Generally speaking, § Speaking in general terms,… 6
  • 7. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCUSSION AND DEBATE § Then...Soliciting feedback § And then? § Such as...? § Mh hmnMaking sure that you have the listener’s § Uh-huhattention. Keeping the conversation by showing surprise. § Right? § You know? § Really? § (you) know what I mean? § Is that right? § You understand? § I didn’t know that! § Got me? § Wow! § Got it? § Are you sure? § How do you know?Making sure that the listener is following your § How do you know that?explanation or logical argument. § Who told you that? § No way! § (are) You following? § No! § Are you following me? § (are) you serious? § Are you with me? § For real? § Okay so far? § How’s that possible? § Do you understand so far? § Have you got it? § (It) Makes sense, right? ExplanationsReminding the listener of something you said § Let’s see...earlier. § Ok! § Let me put it this way § Remember? § Let me put it another way. § Remember when I said...? § Let me see if I can explain it for you § Here’s the thing.Providing feedback § Here is what I mean. § This is what I want to say.Keeping the conversation § I’ll try to explain. § Let me try again. § Right § Here’s what you need to know/remember § Okay § Yeah § I know what you mean. § I know. § I see... § Of course § That’s normal § TrueKeeping the conversation by asking the speakerto provide more information. § Yes? § And? § Well? § So? 7

×