road markings

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Importance of Road marking in traffic

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road markings

  1. 1. ROAD MARKINGS
  2. 2. FUNCTIONS <ul><li>ROAD MARKINGS ARE USED AS A MEAN OF CONTROLLING & GUIDING TRAFFIC. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF ROAD MARKINGS
  4. 4. CARRIAGEWAY MARKINGS ARE APPLIED TO CARRIAGE WAYS
  5. 5. OBJECT MARKINGS ARE APPLIED TO TRAFFIC ISLANDS, CULVERT HEADWALLS, PIERS, ABUTMENTS,ETC
  6. 6. Kerbs <ul><li>A curb or kerb is the edge where a raised pavement / sidewalk /footpath , road median , or road shoulder meets an unraised street or other roadway . Typically made from concrete , asphalt or long stones (often granite ), the purpose is twofold: first as a gutter for proper drainage of the roadway, and second for safety , to prevent motorists from driving onto the shoulder, median, sidewalk or pavement. </li></ul>
  7. 8. ABUTMENT <ul><li>An abutment is, generally, the point where two structures or objects meet. </li></ul><ul><li>Specifically, an abutment may be: </li></ul><ul><li>the part of a structure that supports an arch . </li></ul><ul><li>the tooth or teeth that support a fixed or removable bridge . </li></ul><ul><li>the part of an implant that acts as a connection between the implant and the crown . </li></ul>
  8. 9. PIERS <ul><li>A pier is a raised structure, including bridge and building supports and walkways , over water, typically supported by widely spread piles or pillars . </li></ul>
  9. 10. TRAFFIC ISLAND <ul><li>A traffic island is a solid or painted object in a road that channelizes traffic. It can also be a narrow strip of island between roads that intersect at an acute angle . If the island uses road markings only, without raised kerbs or other physical obstructions, it is called a painted island . </li></ul>
  10. 11. CULVERT <ul><li>A culvert is a device used to channel water. It may be used to allow water to pass underneath a road , railway , or embankment . </li></ul>
  11. 14. General principles of longitudinal pavement markings <ul><li>Solid lines are restrictive in nature & it is an offence to cross or straddle such a line. </li></ul><ul><li>Broken lines are restrictive in character & vehicles can cross such a line provided this can be done with safety. </li></ul><ul><li>When a combination of a solid & broken lines is used, a vehicle should not cross the continuous lines adjacent to </li></ul><ul><li>Double lines indicate maximum restriction. </li></ul>
  12. 16. MATERIAL & COLOUR SR NO COLOUR USES 1 White All carriageway markings except those included for parking restrictions. 2 Yellow <ul><li>Markings intended for parking restriction </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous centre and barrier line markings </li></ul>3 Alternate bands of white & black. Kerb & object markings.
  13. 17. CENTRE LINES
  14. 18. TRAFFIC LANE LINES
  15. 19. NO OVERTAKING ZONE MARKINGS
  16. 22. PAVEMENT EDGE LINES
  17. 25. CARRIAGEWAY WITH REDUCTION TRANSITION MARKINGS
  18. 27. OBSTRUCTION APPROACH MARKINGS
  19. 28. Approach marking for obstructions on the road way
  20. 29. STOP LINES
  21. 32. PEDETRIAN CROSSINGS
  22. 35. CYCLIST CROSSINGS
  23. 38. ROUTE DIRECTION ARROWS
  24. 42. WORD MESSAGE
  25. 44. MARKINGS AT APPROACHES TO INTERSECTIONS
  26. 48. PARKING SPACE LIMITS
  27. 50. BUS STOP MARKINGS
  28. 52. OBJECT MARKINGS
  29. 54. END OF CHAPTER 2

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