Social Issues Of Pakistan Corruption Smuggling Health Care Conditions Educational Problems Terrorism Food Crisis Poverty
Corruption Corruption in widespread.Pakistan is ranked as a 42nd corrupted country of the world according to Transparency International Corruption Perception Index.
The expert sources indicate that the following sectors are among the most affected by corruption.• Police and law enforcement.• Judiciary and legal professions.• Power sector.• Tax and customs.• Land administration.• Health and education.
Smuggling To import or export without paying lawfulcustoms charges or duties. Smuggling severly harms the economy of Pakistan in multidimensional ways.
Smuggling undermines the localindustry, discourages the legal imports and reducesthe volume of revenues collected from duties.Unfortunately a parallel underground economy hastaken roots in Pakistan.
Health Care ConditionsEven after decades of existence there is no equaldistribution of wealth and resources.Many Pakistanis suffer from physical and emotionalproblems but there is no proper health care systemin place.Mental illness is still surrounded by visible stigma.
Children still suffer from malnutrition because ofpervasive poverty.Many patients with emergency only see adoctor when they get violent and have anervous breakdown.
Educational ProblemsPakistan illiteracy rate is decreasingcontinuously as the schools have not kept up withthe population explosion.Most people in villages cannot read or write.There is no standardized educational system.
There is also a problem of different medium ofinstructions in private and public sector.In Pakistan there is also a lack of technicaleducation.
TerrorismPakistan play a key and highly conflicted role in theglobal war on terror.Today terrorism is threatening the very roots andfabric of Pakistan’s nationhood.
The major causes of terrorism in Pakistan are Political crisis. Economic conditions. Standard of living. Religious extremism.
Food CrisisThe world financial experts have placedPakistan on a list of 36 countries that face a seriousfood crises.It has two aspects Unavailability of edibles. Soaring prices due to gap in demand and supply of edibles.
Child LaborThe full-time employment of children whoare under a minimum legal age.The last survey in 1996 figured out3.3 millionchild labourers in Pakistan, out ofwhich 2.4million were boys and 0.9 weregirls.Most of the child laborers are working inruler areas as compare to urban areas.
In Pakistan child labor is related to Craft and related trade activities. Brick making. Stone crushing. Carpet making. Agriculture sector. Factories and industries.
Poverty In PakistanPoverty is the main issue of Pakistan.According to 2007-08 analysis,17.2 % of the totalpopulation lived below the poverty line which is thelowest figures in history of Pakistan.
Main factors of poverty in Pakistanare:- Inequality. Natural disasters. Feudalism. Lack of adequate governance. Poor industrial standards.
Suggestions To Overcome Corruption! Parliaments can and should adopt appro-priate legislation, take an active role in the ratification of relevant international instru- ments and incorporate their provisions in national legislation. They should also make maximum use of the constitutional, parliamentary and other legal mechanisms available to ensure full accountability and transparency in government.
In recognition of the important role Supreme Audit Institutions, as well as other bodies such as Ombudsman, play in combating corruption, parliaments should lay down the appropriate legal framework for the establishment and functioning of such institutions including through the provision of adequate resources and proper follow-up to the work and reports of such bodies.
Suggestions To OvercomeSmuggling A law was set that the vehicles will be checked with help of fixed and mobile laboratories.
Suggestions To Overcome Health CareConditions Reducing widespread prevalence of communicable diseases. Addressing inadequacies in primary/secondary health care services. Removing professional/managerial deficiencies in the district health system. Promoting greater gender equity.
Bridging basic nutrition gaps in the target-population. Correcting urban bias in health sector. Introducing required regulation in private medical sector. Creating Mass Awareness in Public Health. Effecting Improvements in the Drug Sector. Capacity-building for Health Policy Monitoring.
Suggestions To Overcome EducationalProblems Government should take following measures. Increase education budget Establish more schools and appoint qualified and trained teachers Technical education must be given to all the classes. Promote primary education
Suggestions To OvercomeTerrorism The real solution is to kill the root of Terrorism and systematically change the attitude of those people’s who are involved in terrorism Military operations against terrorists are also very necessary. Education, Justice, Pour politics can stop the Terrorism.
Preventing and resolving conflicts with Taliban and other religious groups. Strengthening the protection of weak targets. A fully demarcated border with Afghanistan which will prevent the foreign intrusion in the country.
Suggestions To Overcome Food Crisis Stop smuggling. Removing differences between provinces. Follow proper way of import and export utilities. To reduce unemployment.
Suggestions To Overcome Poverty Poverty arouse due to lack of discipline with money: Live as close as you can to a budget and resist the urge to spend frivolously. Stop discrimination of sex. By maintaining system of Zakat.
Law of Pakistan about Child Labor Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labor and child labor; Article 17 provides for a fundamental right to exercise the freedom of association and the right to form unions.
Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment.
Law of Pakistan about Education The Constitution of Pakistan framed in 1973 promised to its citizens in Article 37 (b) & (c) that “The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within the minimum possible period; make technical and professional education generally available and higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of merit”.
The Constitution also corresponds with Article 26 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which says that"Everyone has the right to education”.