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Solution focused brief therapy

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  • 1. *Abby TuckerThe University of MississippiCOUN 594
  • 2. * Solution-focused model provides the language for children to find their own solutions* Uses “solution thought” and “solution talk”* Focuses on solutions rather than problems* Enable children to use their internal resources for growth and development within their own environment* Through the language of play children can find their own solutions* Primarily uses art, sand tray, and puppets as medium of play *
  • 3. * The use of hypothetical goals to help clients see what is possible* Goals provide foundation for solution-focused process; goals should be concrete, behavioral, measurable and positive* Techniques: * Goal Setting * Miracle Question * Exceptions * Scaling * Solution Message *
  • 4. ** Concrete, Positive, Behavioral, and Measurable* Must be important to the child* Enables children to display goals through their play* “wows” and “hows” * Helps them discover what they are capable of and encourage them to continue using these skills
  • 5. ** What would happen if the problem were magically solved* Helps child visualize how life would be different; provides positive feelings and creates new behaviors* Relationship questions * Provides detail * Expands and Clarifies the “miracle”
  • 6. ** Either little pieces of the miracle or times when the problem did not exist* Helps children recall times that they avoided the problem; which helps provide a guideline for solutions, empowerment, and success* Helps children appreciate their own success* Identify and access an internal locus of control; taking responsibility for their own behaviors
  • 7. ** Scaled 1-10* Visual Representation* Sets tone for the new learning process* “What do you have to do to get to a ___?”
  • 8. ** Visual representation of child’s efforts to find his or her own solution* Credits * Series of compliments and affirmations * List of positive attributes* Bridge * Commitment and Willingness to work on goal* Solution Task * Aim * “miracle day”
  • 9. * Help child discover what it is that they want to achieve; establish goals* Aid child in articulating goals through play techniques* Help child communicate goals by making “therapeutic assumptions” *
  • 10. * Collaborators in identifying goals* Work to find solutions that benefit the entire family* Respect and Encourage Child’s goals *
  • 11. * Variety of mental health diagnoses* The issue that brings client to therapy is not important, it is what is discovered that is* Helps child envision what they want and develop skills to get to that state of being *
  • 12. * 78% (12 and under)* 89% (13-18)* Success with children as young as 5* Not recommended for pre-kindergarten children* High satisfaction level among children and parents* Inspired families to find solutions and make changes* Well respected and successful in school settings *
  • 13. * Maturity level of child* Developmental skills to grasp the concept* Therapeutic assumptions may be incorrect if an inadequate amount of time is spent developing the therapeutic relationship and level of involvement* Parents respecting their children’s goals; letting children work on their goals vs. parents goals* Directive vs. Non Directive *
  • 14. * In solution focused play therapy, therapist believe that children know what they want but sometimes struggle to find the necessary skills to get there.* Through solution focused play therapy, the therapist and child work together to develop a solution to the childs problems. *
  • 15. ** Nims, D.R., & Schaefer, C.E. (2011). Solution- focused play therapy: Helping children and families find solutions. Foundations of Play Therapy (pp.297-312). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons