Movement photography have two different techniques. To capture the movement of objects, for example sports events or
something that is actually moving like a person, the camera is to be kept still during exposure. The exposure should be
slowed down to achieve the movement blur. The shutter of the camera needs to be open long enough to allow the cameras
sensor to ‘see’ the movement.
The shutter speed will vary depending on your subject you are photographing. For example, if you were taking a photograph
of a moving car the shutter speed will be faster then if you were to photograph somebody walking. Using the same shutter
speed for these subjects will create different results. It is important to think about how much light there is in the scenery as a
longer shutter speed allows more light to come into the camera. There is always the risk of overexposing the shot.
The photographs I have included in this presentation have been taken using an
SLR camera. The objects I have taken photographs of are the keyboard,
mouse and computer. As these objects don’t necessarily move consistently I
moved the camera myself to create the movement effect.
The results are not very professional or of a high quality. The reason of this is
because the time I had to take them was not enough to produce industry
standard results. This is also my first time at experimenting with movement
photography therefore with a little more practice my images will be more
defined and a better quality.
The place in which I took these photographs was college. College does not
give me a lot of adventure or sources to photograph. Using this type of
photography again I would pre-plan and make sure that what I am
photographing is interesting and attractive. The technique is not difficult to use
and can work very effectively if used properly.
2. Out of Focus
Ideally, taking a photograph is always done to get the best quality image and in focus.
This method plays around with that to make a surreal and unique photograph. It is known
that this technique is ‘the wrong way’ to photograph although there are photographers who
intentionally shoot subjects without it been in focus.
Shooting an image out of focus can be very creative. The blur can sometimes make the
shot very compelling for the viewer which induces some kind of curiosity and urge to know
more about the subject. Distinctive shapes or structures are always going to be the best
aspect to take a photograph of. To create these images you simple change the settings on
your camera to manual focus and keep twitching it back and forth. It is important that the
largest aperture is used that is available for the lens you have.
Reflections all depend on the lighting. They do not need a specific camera to take the
photographs or even tools or techniques. The reflection is simply created with the water
and the lighting. These reflections can be really effective if you have the right amount of
light. The camera will be on auto focus, and can even be taken on a phone camera,
although using a professional camera the photographs will be of a better quality.
Photomontage is the process and result of making a composite
photograph by cutting and joining two or more photographs into
an illusion of an unreal subject. They can also be created by
taking various different photographs on one subject but moving
the camera to take a photograph of a different part of the
subject. Doing this to capture the whole subject then placing
them all together in photo shop using the merging tool can
create pieces of the likes of David Hockney.
A photo montage may contain elements at once real and
imaginary. Combined photographs and digital manipulations
can create a very weird but wonderful finish. This method
makes the view look more than once to capture everything that
is displayed. Some can be so surreal and outrageous that often
people sit and think about them for a while to understand the
structure and obscenity.
David Hockney is an English photographer. He is considered one of the most influential British artists of the
twentieth century. It was in the early 1980’s that he began to produce photomontages. He called these
images ‘joiners’. He started doing these images by using various numbers of Polaroid snaps or prints of a
single subject. He arranged the patchwork to make a composite image. Because these photographs are
taken from different perspectives and at slightly different times, the result of these photomontages has an
affinity with Cubism which was one of David’s major aims, discussing the way human vision works. He has
created many different photo collage related products from portraits of people to landscapes.
To create this effect David took many different photographs of the same subject but in different angles. They
would then be arranged into a grid layout. The subject would sometimes move while being photographed so
that the piece would show the movements of the subject seen from the photographers perspective.
To the left I have included an image of David’s work in which the subject moved. He only started changing
his technique later on.
5. Multiple Exposure
Multiple exposure is the imposition of two or more exposures to create a single image. These
photographs can be created in Photoshop using different layers to get the double exposure.
The exposures may or may not be identical to each other. In experimental photography this
technique can be really effective. Using images that differ from each other but have some
relation can ensure a creative image. The technique is where the camera shutter is opened
more than once to expose the film multiple times. It is an artistic visual effect and can be used
to create ghostly images or to add people and objects to a scene that would not usually be
Photoshop enables the opacity of the images to be altered as well as been able to overlay
one image onto another. Many digital SLR cameras allow multiple exposures to be made on
the same image without having to use any external software. Multiple exposure can also be
used when scanning transparencies like slides, film or negatives.
The photograph to the left is something that I have edited on photo shop. It is a double
exposure as you can see and I did not take these photographs my self, I took two images
from the internet and edited them together changing the opacity of palm tree, beach and sea.
I have tested out multiple exposure briefly using this method of editing on Photoshop. I will
use this method to create my own photography by taking my own images later on.
To do this I created different layers on the program duplicating the background layer of the
first image of the model. I then selected a part of the wall in the background which is the
shape and guidelines for the second image. I inputted the second image and selected the
counter parts to achieve the particular shape. I then changed the opacity and fill lower to
make it look more realistic.
Overall I think this method is easy to do and great things can be achieved.
The photograph to the left is very good subtle example of multiple exposure. You
don’t notice it at first as the main subject is the mans face with their eyes closed,
but to the left of the subject you can see a faded face with their eyes and mouth
open. This shows different emotion using the technique which is something I wish
to create in my own work. The expressions are subtle but give it that overall freaky,
surreal and daring feel.
Light writing photography is the form of stop motion animation. The photograph is emerged from capturing still images
creating the optical illusion of movement for the audience. For this type of photography is it all about the exposure time.
Sequencing still images with a 4-30 second exposure as the lighting is move in and through the frame it shows that the light
The shutter speed will be very slow to capture the image and the time for it to take me to move the lighting.
To create the images above I used the torch application on my phone and drew in the air shapes. While drawing these
shapes the camera shutter was open. Its important to put the settings of the camera on the right shutter speed time to create
the photographs initially as if the shutter was open for too long for a particular photograph, light that you may not want there
I find this technique not too difficult. It is always easier if you have someone to move the lighting for you even though I did
these myself by putting my hand in front of the camera. Light writing can also be done using different coloured light not just
white and the end image can be really effective. This photography is something that I may considering using in my final
Multimedia photography is all about introducing different medias
into the image. For example, arty materials such as paint, cutting
and sticking and adding different fabrics or items to the photograph.
The photograph I have used is one I have previously taken last year
during a photo shoot. I have used poster paint and acrylic paints in
the colours of white, pink and blue over the top of my photograph.
The photograph has a texture as well looking very surreal and
different. I did not put much thought process into how I was going to
experiment with multimedia I just picked up equipment and starting
painting straight away. The outcome is really effective and I think
the colours over the top of a black and white image have a really
outstanding contrast. If I was to use this method in my final piece I
would definitely put a lot more though into it to provide a very
professional photograph and overall effect as I enjoyed working with
the mixed media materials as it allowed my thoughts to put down
onto the paper in a very easy way.