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Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
Techniques task 2&3
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Techniques task 2&3

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  • 1. Movement Movement photography have two different techniques. To capture the movement of objects, for example sports events or something that is actually moving like a person, the camera is to be kept still during exposure. The exposure should be slowed down to achieve the movement blur. The shutter of the camera needs to be open long enough to allow the cameras sensor to ‘see’ the movement. The shutter speed will vary depending on your subject you are photographing. For example, if you were taking a photograph of a moving car the shutter speed will be faster then if you were to photograph somebody walking. Using the same shutter speed for these subjects will create different results. It is important to think about how much light there is in the scenery as a longer shutter speed allows more light to come into the camera. There is always the risk of overexposing the shot. The photographs I have included in this presentation have been taken using an SLR camera. The objects I have taken photographs of are the keyboard, mouse and computer. As these objects don’t necessarily move consistently I moved the camera myself to create the movement effect. The results are not very professional or of a high quality. The reason of this is because the time I had to take them was not enough to produce industry standard results. This is also my first time at experimenting with movement photography therefore with a little more practice my images will be more defined and a better quality. The place in which I took these photographs was college. College does not give me a lot of adventure or sources to photograph. Using this type of photography again I would pre-plan and make sure that what I am photographing is interesting and attractive. The technique is not difficult to use and can work very effectively if used properly.
  • 2. Out of Focus Ideally, taking a photograph is always done to get the best quality image and in focus. This method plays around with that to make a surreal and unique photograph. It is known that this technique is ‘the wrong way’ to photograph although there are photographers who intentionally shoot subjects without it been in focus. Shooting an image out of focus can be very creative. The blur can sometimes make the shot very compelling for the viewer which induces some kind of curiosity and urge to know more about the subject. Distinctive shapes or structures are always going to be the best aspect to take a photograph of. To create these images you simple change the settings on your camera to manual focus and keep twitching it back and forth. It is important that the largest aperture is used that is available for the lens you have.
  • 3. Reflections Reflections all depend on the lighting. They do not need a specific camera to take the photographs or even tools or techniques. The reflection is simply created with the water and the lighting. These reflections can be really effective if you have the right amount of light. The camera will be on auto focus, and can even be taken on a phone camera, although using a professional camera the photographs will be of a better quality.
  • 4. Photomontages Photomontage is the process and result of making a composite photograph by cutting and joining two or more photographs into an illusion of an unreal subject. They can also be created by taking various different photographs on one subject but moving the camera to take a photograph of a different part of the subject. Doing this to capture the whole subject then placing them all together in photo shop using the merging tool can create pieces of the likes of David Hockney. A photo montage may contain elements at once real and imaginary. Combined photographs and digital manipulations can create a very weird but wonderful finish. This method makes the view look more than once to capture everything that is displayed. Some can be so surreal and outrageous that often people sit and think about them for a while to understand the structure and obscenity. David Hockney is an English photographer. He is considered one of the most influential British artists of the twentieth century. It was in the early 1980’s that he began to produce photomontages. He called these images ‘joiners’. He started doing these images by using various numbers of Polaroid snaps or prints of a single subject. He arranged the patchwork to make a composite image. Because these photographs are taken from different perspectives and at slightly different times, the result of these photomontages has an affinity with Cubism which was one of David’s major aims, discussing the way human vision works. He has created many different photo collage related products from portraits of people to landscapes. To create this effect David took many different photographs of the same subject but in different angles. They would then be arranged into a grid layout. The subject would sometimes move while being photographed so that the piece would show the movements of the subject seen from the photographers perspective. To the left I have included an image of David’s work in which the subject moved. He only started changing his technique later on.
  • 5. Multiple Exposure Multiple exposure is the imposition of two or more exposures to create a single image. These photographs can be created in Photoshop using different layers to get the double exposure. The exposures may or may not be identical to each other. In experimental photography this technique can be really effective. Using images that differ from each other but have some relation can ensure a creative image. The technique is where the camera shutter is opened more than once to expose the film multiple times. It is an artistic visual effect and can be used to create ghostly images or to add people and objects to a scene that would not usually be there. Photoshop enables the opacity of the images to be altered as well as been able to overlay one image onto another. Many digital SLR cameras allow multiple exposures to be made on the same image without having to use any external software. Multiple exposure can also be used when scanning transparencies like slides, film or negatives. The photograph to the left is something that I have edited on photo shop. It is a double exposure as you can see and I did not take these photographs my self, I took two images from the internet and edited them together changing the opacity of palm tree, beach and sea. I have tested out multiple exposure briefly using this method of editing on Photoshop. I will use this method to create my own photography by taking my own images later on. To do this I created different layers on the program duplicating the background layer of the first image of the model. I then selected a part of the wall in the background which is the shape and guidelines for the second image. I inputted the second image and selected the counter parts to achieve the particular shape. I then changed the opacity and fill lower to make it look more realistic. Overall I think this method is easy to do and great things can be achieved. The photograph to the left is very good subtle example of multiple exposure. You don’t notice it at first as the main subject is the mans face with their eyes closed, but to the left of the subject you can see a faded face with their eyes and mouth open. This shows different emotion using the technique which is something I wish to create in my own work. The expressions are subtle but give it that overall freaky, surreal and daring feel.
  • 6. Light Light writing photography is the form of stop motion animation. The photograph is emerged from capturing still images creating the optical illusion of movement for the audience. For this type of photography is it all about the exposure time. Sequencing still images with a 4-30 second exposure as the lighting is move in and through the frame it shows that the light is moving. The shutter speed will be very slow to capture the image and the time for it to take me to move the lighting. To create the images above I used the torch application on my phone and drew in the air shapes. While drawing these shapes the camera shutter was open. Its important to put the settings of the camera on the right shutter speed time to create the photographs initially as if the shutter was open for too long for a particular photograph, light that you may not want there will be. I find this technique not too difficult. It is always easier if you have someone to move the lighting for you even though I did these myself by putting my hand in front of the camera. Light writing can also be done using different coloured light not just white and the end image can be really effective. This photography is something that I may considering using in my final pieces.
  • 7. Multimedia Multimedia photography is all about introducing different medias into the image. For example, arty materials such as paint, cutting and sticking and adding different fabrics or items to the photograph. The photograph I have used is one I have previously taken last year during a photo shoot. I have used poster paint and acrylic paints in the colours of white, pink and blue over the top of my photograph. The photograph has a texture as well looking very surreal and different. I did not put much thought process into how I was going to experiment with multimedia I just picked up equipment and starting painting straight away. The outcome is really effective and I think the colours over the top of a black and white image have a really outstanding contrast. If I was to use this method in my final piece I would definitely put a lot more though into it to provide a very professional photograph and overall effect as I enjoyed working with the mixed media materials as it allowed my thoughts to put down onto the paper in a very easy way.

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