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Poetry terminology



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  • 1. Poetry Terminology
  • 2. Alliteration• The repetition of the same consonantsounds at any place, but often at thebeginning of words.
  • 3. Assonance• The repetition or a pattern of (the same)vowel sounds
  • 4. Ballad• A poem that tells a story similar to a folktale or legend and often has a repeatedrefrain.
  • 5. Context• Can be historical, social, linguistic –something outside the text that you needto know to grasp its meaning.
  • 6. Couplet• In a poem, a pair of lines that are thesame length and (usually) rhyme and forma complete thought.
  • 7. Dialect• Regional English words that don’t belongto Standard English
  • 8. Dramatic Monologue• Poem voiced or spoken by a character
  • 9. Elegy• A poem that laments the death of aperson, or one that is simply sad andthoughtful
  • 10. End-stopped• Lines which end - with a full-stop – or witha pause/item of punctuation.
  • 11. Enjambment• A line ending in which the sensecontinues, with no punctuation (so nopause), into the following line or stanza.• Also called run-on line• Compare: end-stopped line
  • 12. Form• General way of organising a poem• Similar to genre or sub-genre• There are some particular forms such asballads or sonnets
  • 13. Feminine rhyme• A rhyme that occurs in a final unstressedsyllable e.g. mama/dada
  • 14. Half-Rhyme• Imperfect rhyme where just consonantsrhyme rather than vowels:It seemed that out of the battle I escapedDown some profound dull tunnel, long since scoopedThrough granites which Titanic wars had groined.Yet also there encumbered sleepers groaned,Too fast in thought or death to be bestirred.Then, as I probed them, one sprang up, and stared
  • 15. Hyperbole• Exaggeration for effect
  • 16. Iambic Pentameter• Line of verse with five (penta) beats• …where each beat falls on the secondsyllable in each foot (=bar)To be / or not / to be/ that is / the quest/ion(and yes, Shakespeare is breaking his own rule here…)
  • 17. Imagery• Word-pictures, figures of speech,descriptions that evoke ideas, feelings,objects actions, states of mind etc.• Often repeated in patterns of imagery• Metaphors and similes are kinds ofimagery
  • 18. Masculine rhyme• A rhyme that occurs in a final stressedsyllable:
  • 19. Metaphor• A figure of speech in which two things arecompared, usually by saying one thing isanother, or by substituting a moredescriptive word for the more common orusual word that would be expected.
  • 20. Narrative• Telling a story. Ballads, epics, and laysare different kinds of narrative poems.
  • 21. Non-standard English• A variety of English that is non-standard,such as Caribbean English
  • 22. Onomatopoeia• A figure of speech in which words areused to imitate sounds. Examples ofonomatopoeic words are:
  • 23. Personification• A figure of speech in which nonhumanthings or abstract ideas are given humanattributes:
  • 24. Quatrain• A group of four lines
  • 25. Refrain• A phrase, line, or group of lines that isrepeated throughout a poem, usually afterevery stanza.
  • 26. Rhyme• The occurrence of the same or similarsounds at the end of two or more words.• Technically: the same terminal vowel andconsonant pair.
  • 27. Rhyming Couplet• A pair of lines that rhyme
  • 28. Rhyme scheme• The way rhymes are organised throughouta poem.• The pattern of rhyme in a stanza or poemis shown usually by using a different letterfor each final sound.• In a poem with an aabba rhyme scheme,the first, second, and fifth lines end in onesound, and the third and fourth lines endin another.
  • 29. Rhythm• the arrangement of beats and stresses ina poem
  • 30. Sibilance• Repeated ‘S’ sounds
  • 31. Simile• A figure of speech in which two things arecompared using the word "like" or "as."
  • 32. Sonnet• A lyric poem about love that is 14 lines long.• English (or Shakespearean) sonnets arecomposed of three quatrains and a final couplet,with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg.• English sonnets are written generally in iambicpentameter.
  • 33. Speaker• The voice that is speaking in the poem
  • 34. Stanza• A verse or chunk of a poem.• The stanzas of a poem are usually of thesame length and follow the same patternof meter and rhyme.
  • 35. Stress• The prominence or emphasis given toparticular syllables. Stressed syllablesusually stand out because they have long,rather than short, vowels, or because theyhave a different pitch or are louder thanother syllables.
  • 36. Symbol• When a word, phrase or image stands foran idea or theme i.e. a red rose is asymbol of love
  • 37. Tercet• A group of three lines
  • 38. Tone• The overall feeling of a poem.• How the speaking voice of the poemsounds.
  • 39. Voice• the speaker who speaks a poem or part ofa poem
  • 40. What is x an example of?1. the worlds a stage, he was a lion in battle,drowning in debt, and a sea of troubles.2. "Moses supposes his toeses are roses."3. pleasure/leisure, longing/yearning4. tons of money, waiting for ages, a flood oftears5. She sells seashells by the seashore, PeterPiper picked a peck of pickled peppers.6. cat/hat, desire/fire, observe/deserve.
  • 41. 7. You are my sun. I give you a red redrose. She had me on the cross.8. "What happens to a dream deferred?/Does it dry up/ like a raisin in the sun?“9. buzz, hiss, zing, clippety-clop, cock-a-doodle-do, pop, splat, thump, tick-tock.10.the sky is crying, dead leaves danced inthe wind, blind justice.