Welcome to stock markets


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it introduce all about stock market and derivatives

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Welcome to stock markets

  1. 1. What is SENSEX? Index of Bombay Stock Exchange Most popular stock market index in india First compiled in 1986 Consists of 30 stock Base year 1978-79, base value 100 Current sensex value is 17900
  2. 2. What is NIFTY?Index of National Stock ExchangeMost widely used index in indiaFirst published in 1995Base year 1995, base value 1000Consist of 50 stock from 21 sectorsCurrent value of Nifty is 5380
  3. 3.  BSE-17748 Nifty-5381 Nikkei- 8947 Hangseng- 20783 Straits- 2960 Dowjones- 12801 Nasdaq- 2903 USD to INR 49.50
  4. 4. Uses of an Index Lead indicator of the economy Barometer to monitor market movement Benchmark for portfolios Use in Index funds Underlying asset in index derivatives Reflection of expectation about future
  5. 5. Financial MarketsMarkets for financial assets or financial claims1. Money markets2. Capital markets
  6. 6. Capital Markets Markets for long term funds Instruments like shares, debentures, etc 1. Primary markets 2. Secondary markets
  7. 7. Primary Markets Market for new issues Initial Public Offer (IPO) Qualified Institutional Placements (QIP) Merchant banking Book building
  8. 8. Secondary Markets Stock exchanges- BSE and NSE Trading: floor trading to electronic trading Dematerialization: NSDL and CDSL Clearing and Settlement (T+2 rolling)
  9. 9. Type of TradingInvestment:SpeculationGambling
  10. 10. InvestmentsBuying for long termDividend income andLong term capital gain
  11. 11. SpeculationTaking high risk for high returnPlanned game for very short periodBased on rumors, guess work, intelligence
  12. 12. GamblingTaking high risk for enjoymentBlind tradingGreed and Panic
  13. 13. Type of speculators 1. BULL Expect market to go up Bulls buy first sell next 2. BEAR Expect market to go down Bears sell first buy next
  14. 14. Security Analysis Fundamental analysis Technical analysis Efficient market hypothesis
  15. 15. Factors to watch Global markets Macro economic factors like inflation, interest rate, GDP data etc General sentiment (institutional & retail) Company specific news Technical levels
  16. 16. Derivatives Financial contracts Derived from the value of an underlying asset
  17. 17. Types of derivativesForwardsFuturesOptionsSwaps
  18. 18. Forwards Vs Futures Futures Forwards Exchange traded Non exchange traded Margin required No margin requirement Standardized contracts Customized contracts No counter party risk High counter party risk
  19. 19. OptionsOption or right to buy or sellNo obligation to buy or sellTwo typesCALL option – option to buyPUT option- option to sell
  20. 20. Swaps Agreements to exchange one series of cash flow with another series. Example: plain vanilla fixed interest loan to floating interest loan
  21. 21. Swaptions Two types Payer swaption: pay fixed, receive floating. Equal to a call option Reciever swaption: receive fixed pay floating. Equal to a put option
  22. 22. Thank You abbasvattoli@yahoo.com