Iraq is a republican country is a country in Western Asia-Iraq borders Syria to the northwest, Turkey -to the north, Iran to the east, Jordan to the southwest and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south The eagle is a republican emblem
Iraqi Flag Red refers to every drop of Iraqi blood shedon the earth without guilt just to protect thehomeland(Courage) . Green refers to the green pastures. White refers to the pure hearts ofIraqis. Black refers to the many good thingsin Iraq and the large palm forests. The word in green color indicates tothe god is the greatest.
Geography of Iraq It is the 58th-largest country in the world. It is comparable in size to the US state of California. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km (36 mi) on the northern Arabic Gulf. The capital city, Baghdad is in the center- east of the country. Rivers, Tigris and Euphrates, run through the center of Iraq, flowing from northwest to southeast. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppe and desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia.
Republic of Iraq The federal government of Iraq is defined under thecurrent Constitution as a democratic, federal parliamentary Islamicrepublic. Elections take place every four years and people will elect members ofparliament .then members will elect a prime minister who has all theauthorities. The federal government is composed of the executive, legislative,and judicial branches, as well as small independent commissions. Aside from the federal government, there are regions called province. Iraq has eighteen provinces.
History of Iraq Historically, Iraq was the center of the Abbasid Caliphate. Iraq has been known to the west by the Greek homonym Mesopotamia (Land between the rivers) and has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is often referred to as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing, law and the wheel. At different periods in its history, Iraq was the center of the: indigenous Acadians, Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian-Chaldean, and Abbasid empires.
The Sumerian Culture - The First Urban Civilization, and they invented the first wheel . Stone refers to the history of the invention of writing in Mesopotamia
This statue indicates to the periodof an obelisk of Hammurabi and hislaws.
Babylon: was an Akkadian city-state (founded in 1894 BC by an Amorite dynasty) ofancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which are found in present-day Al Hillah, BabylonProvince, Iraq, about 85 kilometers (55 mi) south of Baghdad. Lion of Babylon
Ishtar Gates leading into ancient city of Babylon
Abbasid Empire The Abbasid Caliphate built the city of Baghdad in the 8th century as theircapital, and it became the leading metropolis of the Arab and Muslim world forfive centuries. Baghdad was the largest multicultural city of the Middle Ages, peaking at apopulation of more than a million, and was the centre of learning duringthe Islamic Golden Age.Minaret Malwiya and Mustansiriya school are one of the landmarks of theAbbasid Empire as in the pictures below :
ReligionsIraq is a Muslim-majority country . Most sources estimated and according to a 1997 census that 97% of Iraqi populationis Muslim . About 60–65% of Muslims belong to the Shia sect and 32–37% to the Sunni sect. Sunnis are divided mainly between Arabs and Kurds but include other, smallergroups, such as Azerbaijanis and Turkmen.About 3% of the population is adherents to Christianity and other religions.Christians have inhabited what is modern day Iraq for about 2,000 years andthey make up Assyrians (also called Syrians and Chaldeans) most of whom areadherents of the Chaldean Catholic Church, Syrian Orthodox Church andthe Assyrian Church of the east account for most of Iraqs Christian population. Other religion is Yazid .
Catholic Church in BasraSyrian Orthodox Church
Iraqi‟s food Iraqi food is so strongly influenced by its neighboring countries, Turkey andIran, it is one of the few nations of the Middle East to lack a unique cuisine. Likethe Turks, Iraqis like to stuff vegetables and eat a lot of lamb, rice, and yogurt.Like Iranians, they enjoy cooking fruits with beef and poultry.There are three main foods and very popular in Iraq such asBiryani , Dolma and Kebabs.Al Biryani :Vegetable Part(Ingredients)½ cup pine nuts1 cup raisins1 peeled potato2 large onions3 carrots4- beef or lamb meat
Entertainment /RecreationFootball “or soccer” is the favorite sport in Iraq.Outdoor activities are popular; swimming & fishing are favorite recreations inthe Tigris & Euphrates rivers during the summer.Rural men hunt & fish with friends and shop together for food and drinks at themarket and bazaars of the town.Rural women visit with each other and talk, cook, or make handicraft.Almost all the entertainments with the Iraqi people is done in large groupsbecause Iraqi people are very social and recreation is a way to be social and active.
Traditional Iraqi dancing at a wedding Weddings are the most important festivals – aside from Islamic holy days . In Iraqi life. relatives and friends hold parties for few days before a wedding, which isusually short. The birth of a child is another occasion for a big celebration. Three days after thebirth, family members and friends come to visit and bring gifts for the child . DancingDancing in Iraq is the same and called lacunar , but it depends onthe culture and the areas.Kurd dancing performance in the north is different from middleand south.