About the author
Samuel Beckett was one of the most famous
absurdist of his time.
An absurdist is a person who believes that
human life is purposeless and they exist in a
purposeless chaotic world.
He was a noble Literature prize winner in 1969.
Beckett introduced a new kind of play in the
In the form of Waiting for Godot.
He depicted the Human life sufferings in a
His play has no plot, he didn’t believe in language
and hence there is no setting except a tree.
Samuel this type of play got a great success.
Lucky was the slave of pozzo.
He was carrying burdens of his master with him
and was supposed to do whatever his master
He had long hairs and a white bear.
He was more like an animal rather then human.
In fact, he didn’t speak but only one time.
Some critics says that his name is given to him
because he was a lucky person. He had no
worries except he had to do things at his
In Act I Lucky even dances for the three people at
his master’s order.
The intellect and wisdom of Lucky was considered
to be hidden in his hate.
In Samuel Backett’s Waiting for Godot, perhaps
no character is as enigmatic and perplexing as that
Lucky’s speech introduction
It has been documented that when Becket
rehearsed his own production of this play, he
began with Lucky 'speech,
It is a lengthy and ambiguous speech, unable
to understand easily but having a deep
meaning in it.
It is considered to be the thought of Samuel
Language Of the speech
The speech is incoherent , out of
understanding, having half and incomplete
It has certain words which have no literal
Repetition of different phrases and words
Beside these there are spaces in the speech
which can signify his silence.
It lacks structure and literal meaning much as the
entire play does.
Use of French words is also there.
It has an abrupt start and ambiguous ending.
Concluding the language of the speech is not
clear and easy to understand.
1. Existence of God….
As the speech begins, its focus is immediately
clear. "Given the existence… of a personal
God…" Lucky paints a portrait of a Christian
God, one who is wise, kind, and
"personal."He goes on to polarize this image
of God that even if there is a God he is unable
to affect us and even if he can, his care and
love are subject to “Some Exceptions”
These exceptions become sufferers who are
"plunged in torment [and] fire…
This fire is supposedly so strong that it will "blast
hell to heaven… " The implications of these lines
further explains the conflicting effects of a God.
Those who are exceptions from his care
experience life on earth as hell, and this sensation
is so strong that it overrides any hope or belief in a
paradise beyond their earthly sufferings. (here the
description of hell and paradise also signifies that
somehow religion is a theme of the play also)
Lucky's cynical feelings are clear.
God is absent and if not then "divine apathia" or
apathy, a lack of interest, "divine aphasia" the
inability to understand or express speech, and
"divine athambia" that he is unfeeling, unseeing,
He also takes the names of Puncher and
wattman. They were scholars. The works in
which the existence of God is uttered is the
Bible, which he labels as "the public works of
Puncher and Wattman." Alan Astro, in his book
Understanding Samuel Beckett (1990),
points out that these people who assert the
existence of God are not authorities. The word
Wattman come from French word means
(streetcar driver) and Puncher means
(streetcar ticket seller).
In this light, it would seem that Lucky claims that
the existence of God was proposed by two minor
individuals who are not of that much worth.
2.Insignificance of man’s
Lucky also discusses the theory of Bishop
Berkeley (1684-1753), a philosopher , who
had denied the existence of matter, arguing
that it existed only from the perception by
others.This notion is widely held by the
characters in the play, as in the instances of
Pozzo saying: "Is everybody looking at me?
Will you look at me, pig!" andVladimir
demanding of the boy
"Tell [Godot] you saw me and that that you saw
me.You're sure you saw me, you won't come and
tell me to-morrow that you never saw me!
Clearly, the characters feel the need to be
perceived by anyone.As Estragon points out, "We
always find something, eh Didi, to give us the
impression we exist?“
3.Deterioration of Man
This representation of man is not ignored in
the portrayal of the characters throughout
the play.The characters are seen in the
process of deterioration.
Vladimir claim that the garlic he stinks of is
for his kidneys suggests other internal
Estragon complains of a weak lung and is
often bothered by one of his feet.
Pozzo loses his possessions continuously and
eventually goes blind, and Lucky deters into a
All the characters, and thus all humanity, is in
it is noted that Lucky's neck is covered with
scratches, caused by the rope held by Pozzo, and
similarly, Estragon injures one of his legs due to a
kick from Lucky in the first Act. Indeed, these
physical pains comprise man's suffering on the
Earth and define the Hell they live in.
4.Waste and Pine
Throughout the course of the speech Lucky
makes a commentary of the nature of God
and the degeneration of our species.
Lucky establishes that man is on the decline.
His use of the phrase “Wastes and Pines”
suggest not only physical weakness but a
mental one as well.This is cleared by specific
examples, ”in spite of the practice of
sports…penicilline and succedanea…” He
lists off over a dozen sports
each of which could also be thought as a way
of getting health and releasing the stress as
Vladimir and Estragon attempt to busy
themselves with different discussions but at end it
also become useless and insignificance.
"This is becoming really insignificant,“ after a
trivial discussion about turnips and radishes
On the other hand different type of medicines
are discovered as penicillin and succedanea…”
which are a type of antibiotics. But these things
can not prevent a man from deterioration.
In fact the man is in a process of shrinking –
in spite of physical exercise and technical
5.Destruction of Earth
The ending to Lucky's speech intermingles
the images of "great cold," "great dark" and
then stones and skulls, "in spite of the
tennis." This seems to be a prophecy of how
the Earth will turn out, describing broken
structures and lifeless bodily remains..
Here lucky make a comparison by using the
names “Steinweg and Peterman” stein is a
German word used for stone and Peter is
derived from Greek Petros meaning stone.
It is an indicator of the matter that the word
stone is used seven times in his speech.
Beside this here is description of Connemara an
island where stones are found in abundance.
Lucky is indicating to the coming times that the
world is getting its worst position and the time is
near when there will be only skulls and stones
except human beings.
6.Link with Existentialism
Jean-Paul Sartre proposed the theory of
Existentialism. In this he gave his ideas about
human existence that human beings are free
in the world. No one is there who has a
control upon them.
He says: “Man is condemned to be free;
because , once thrown into the world , he is
responsible for everything he does”
The denying of existence of God also refer to
7.Use of different words
Lucky has repeatedly used this word at
different places as quaquaqua. It is basically a
Latin word which means “in the capacity or
character of” but Lucky here use it in an
For example he uses it with the description of
God as “God quaquaquaqua with white
For reasons unknown:
The use of this phrase almost eight times is the
significance that nothing is known, nothing has
any reason to exist.
Academy of Anthropometry:
It comes from Latin words Anthropos and
Metron. Antropos means “man” and Metron
means “to measure”. This is an academy studying
human body, human weight, origin of human
species etc. he says that academy has also left
the study incomplete.
This is the last word of Lucky’s speech and it
refers to the unfinished speech and thought
as well as the not yet complete shrinking
process of mankind.
It also refers to the point that no matter how
much assumptions about God are made but
the secret is still unrevealed.