Introduction <ul><li>Searching information in the internet is time consuming and frustrating for those lacking the require...
We love Google <ul><li>Many students love and rely on Google search engine but few of them know how to use full search cap...
Objectives <ul><li>At the end of this session, participants should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate  search queries...
What is Google search? <ul><li>Google Search is a full-text and most-used search engine which uses computerized spider/rob...
Examples of search engines <ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.altavista.com   </li></ul><ul><li>www.alltheweb.co...
<ul><li>Analysis of your topic/question is crucial before entering into the search exercise.  </li></ul><ul><li>The analys...
Basic search… <ul><li>In making the subject headings, terms and query try to think of: </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms,  </li><...
<ul><li>Search is always cAsE insensitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Search operators  are  case sensitive: </li></ul><ul><li>Gene...
<ul><li>Describe what you need with as few terms as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The broader the terms, the greater are the...
<ul><li>Phrase search (&quot;&quot;) By putting double quotes around a set of words, you are telling Google to consider th...
The * or wildcard operator <ul><li>If you include  *  within a query, it tells Google to try to treat the star as a placeh...
~ tilde operator <ul><li>The tilde functions as a synonym search, returning not only the search term you specified, but al...
<ul><li>Information searching in most database is based on the principle of Boolean logic (the logic of relationship among...
AND operator  (+) <ul><li>AND operator tends to narrow a search and make it focused. The more concepts combined in a searc...
OR operator <ul><li>OR operator broadens search result.  </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Search black OR picture cards </li></ul><ul...
NOT operator (-) <ul><li>NOT operator exclude documents that contain the keywords a searcher would not like to appear in t...
<ul><li>Query modifiers are query words that have special meaning to Google. Typically these operators modify the search i...
  allinurl: <ul><ul><li>If you start a query with [allinurl:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of the q...
allintitle :   <ul><ul><li>If you start a query with [allintitle:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of ...
define: <ul><ul><li>The query [define:] will provide a definition of the words you enter after it, gathered from various o...
filetype:  <ul><ul><li>Specify a type of document to search.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example; doc, pdf, ppt, mp3, mpg,...
site: <ul><ul><li>If you include [site:] in your query, Google will restrict the results to the given domain.  </li></ul><...
related: <ul><ul><li>The query [related:] will list web pages that are &quot;similar&quot; to a specified web page.  </li>...
<ul><li>Search result components appear  in font of deferent colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Page title (blue) </li></ul><ul><li...
Search results options...  <ul><li>If you want to filter and customize the search results you see, use the options along t...
Filter results by type of content <ul><li>Everything :  By default, your Google search will show unfiltered results that c...
Filter results by type of content <ul><li>Videos :     See only video results using Google's  Video Search . </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>When you don’t find what you’re seeking, consider specifying more accurately what you want by using Google’s Advan...
Advanced Search 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Books is a service from Google that searches the full text of books that Googl...
11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Scholar enable searches for scholarly materials such as peer-reviewed papers, ...
11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Docs is a free, Web-based office suite, and data storage service offered by Go...
<ul><ul><li>When you find a useful web site  recording  the document information for future  so you can always easily retu...
Things learnt <ul><li>Basic Google search tips </li></ul><ul><li>Some basic facts about Google </li></ul><ul><li>Google se...
Reference <ul><li>Google Guide  http://www.googleguide.com/ </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Any Question?
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Google searching techniques

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Google searching techniques

  1. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Searching information in the internet is time consuming and frustrating for those lacking the required skills. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  2. 3. We love Google <ul><li>Many students love and rely on Google search engine but few of them know how to use full search capabilities. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  3. 4. Objectives <ul><li>At the end of this session, participants should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate search queries wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Use search operators </li></ul><ul><li>Use query modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Filter search result </li></ul><ul><li>Use advance search </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize Google education apps </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  4. 5. What is Google search? <ul><li>Google Search is a full-text and most-used search engine which uses computerized spider/robot to index million of pages on the web. </li></ul><ul><li>The search results are generally presented in a list of results and the information may consist of web pages, images, videos and other types of files. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  5. 6. Examples of search engines <ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.altavista.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.alltheweb.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ask.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.mamma.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.yahoo.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.bing.com </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  6. 7. <ul><li>Analysis of your topic/question is crucial before entering into the search exercise. </li></ul><ul><li>The analysis of your topic/question should lead you to obtain subject headings and terms to be searched. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  7. 8. Basic search… <ul><li>In making the subject headings, terms and query try to think of: </li></ul><ul><li>Synonyms, </li></ul><ul><li>Variant spellings, </li></ul><ul><li>Plural and singular, </li></ul><ul><li>Broader and narrower, </li></ul><ul><li>Homonyms, </li></ul><ul><li>Acronyms. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  8. 9. <ul><li>Search is always cAsE insensitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Search operators are case sensitive: </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, all the words you put in the query will be used. </li></ul><ul><li>Words that are commonly used, like 'the' 'a' ‘which’ ‘when’ 'for’ ‘of’and alike are usually ignored (these are called stop words). </li></ul><ul><li>A search engine is not a human, it is a program that matches the words you give to pages on the web . </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  9. 10. <ul><li>Describe what you need with as few terms as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>The broader the terms, the greater are the chances of getting both information relevant and irrelevant </li></ul><ul><li>Narrower terms usually give fewer result but most relevant </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  10. 11. <ul><li>Phrase search (&quot;&quot;) By putting double quotes around a set of words, you are telling Google to consider the exact words in that exact order without any change. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  11. 12. The * or wildcard operator <ul><li>If you include * within a query, it tells Google to try to treat the star as a placeholder for any unknown term(s) and then find the best matches. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the search [ Google * ] will give you results about many of Google's products </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  12. 13. ~ tilde operator <ul><li>The tilde functions as a synonym search, returning not only the search term you specified, but also terms that Google “thinks” are synonymous with the term. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, the search [ Google trics~ ] will give you following results google trics, tips.. techniques..guide.. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  13. 14. <ul><li>Information searching in most database is based on the principle of Boolean logic (the logic of relationship among terms) </li></ul><ul><li>( AND, OR, NOT) </li></ul><ul><li>Boolean operators improve search result by broadening, narrowing and excluding search results </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  14. 15. AND operator (+) <ul><li>AND operator tends to narrow a search and make it focused. The more concepts combined in a search with AND logic, the fewer records will be retrieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. search red AND picture cards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From this search you will find cards that contain both the given search terms. </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  15. 16. OR operator <ul><li>OR operator broadens search result. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Search black OR picture cards </li></ul><ul><li>As a result you will get cards that contain one of the given search term or both </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  16. 17. NOT operator (-) <ul><li>NOT operator exclude documents that contain the keywords a searcher would not like to appear in the documents. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Search black NOT picture cards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From this search you will exclude unwanted cards and find only not pictured black cards </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  17. 18. <ul><li>Query modifiers are query words that have special meaning to Google. Typically these operators modify the search in some way, or even tell Google to do a totally different type of search. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the following commands in your search </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  18. 19. allinurl: <ul><ul><li>If you start a query with [allinurl:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of the query words in the url. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For instance, [allinurl:digital library] will return only documents that have both “digital&quot; and “library&quot; in the URL. </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  19. 20. allintitle : <ul><ul><li>If you start a query with [allintitle:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of the query words in the title. For instance, [allintitle: digital library] will return only documents that have both “digital&quot; and “library&quot; in the title. </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  20. 21. define: <ul><ul><li>The query [define:] will provide a definition of the words you enter after it, gathered from various online sources. The definition will be for the entire phrase entered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(example [define:digital library]) Google will include all the words in the exact order you typed them) </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  21. 22. filetype: <ul><ul><li>Specify a type of document to search. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example; doc, pdf, ppt, mp3, mpg, mp4 etc </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  22. 23. site: <ul><ul><li>If you include [site:] in your query, Google will restrict the results to the given domain. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For instance, [JK site:www.ippmedia.com] will find pages about JK within www.ippmedia.com. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[law site:edu] will find pages about law within .edu urls. [com, org, gov, net, ac.tz, etc] </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  23. 24. related: <ul><ul><li>The query [related:] will list web pages that are &quot;similar&quot; to a specified web page. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For instance, [related:www.google.com] will list web pages that are similar to the Google homepage. </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  24. 25. <ul><li>Search result components appear in font of deferent colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Page title (blue) </li></ul><ul><li>URL (green) </li></ul><ul><li>Page content (black) </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  25. 26. Search results options... <ul><li>If you want to filter and customize the search results you see, use the options along the side of the results page. </li></ul><ul><li>Click More to see all the available filters and views you can apply to that search. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  26. 27. Filter results by type of content <ul><li>Everything : By default, your Google search will show unfiltered results that can include all the types of content below. </li></ul><ul><li>Images : See only results from Google Images . </li></ul><ul><li>News : See only results from Google News . </li></ul><ul><li>Books : See only results from Google Books including reviews, excerpts, and where you can buy the book. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  27. 28. Filter results by type of content <ul><li>Videos : See only video results using Google's Video Search . </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs : See only results from Google Blog Search . </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions : See what people are saying in discussion groups, forums, and question-and-answer sites. Google Discussion </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  28. 29. <ul><li>When you don’t find what you’re seeking, consider specifying more accurately what you want by using Google’s Advanced Search feature. Don’t be worried by the name “Advanced Search”; it’s easy to use, and it allows you to select or exclude pages with more precision than Google’s standard search box. </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  29. 30. Advanced Search 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  30. 31. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Books is a service from Google that searches the full text of books that Google has scanned, converted to text and stored in its digital database
  31. 32. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Scholar enable searches for scholarly materials such as peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and technical reports from broad areas of research. It includes a variety of academic publishers, professional societies, and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web. Google Scholar includes full text and citations.
  32. 33. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Docs is a free, Web-based office suite, and data storage service offered by Google. It allows users to upload file up to 1GB, create and edit documents online while collaborating in real-time with other users.
  33. 34. <ul><ul><li>When you find a useful web site recording the document information for future so you can always easily return to the source. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making a browser bookmark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use social bookmark pages www.delicious.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can save web pages by coping and paste the web addresses </li></ul></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  34. 35. Things learnt <ul><li>Basic Google search tips </li></ul><ul><li>Some basic facts about Google </li></ul><ul><li>Google search operators </li></ul><ul><li>Query modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Filter search result options </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced search </li></ul><ul><li>Google books, scholar & docs </li></ul><ul><li>Bookmaking </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  35. 36. Reference <ul><li>Google Guide http://www.googleguide.com/ </li></ul>11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  36. 37. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  37. 38. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Any Question?
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