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  • 1.  
  • 2. Introduction
    • Searching information in the internet is time consuming and frustrating for those lacking the required skills.
    11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  • 3. We love Google
    • Many students love and rely on Google search engine but few of them know how to use full search capabilities.
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  • 4. Objectives
    • At the end of this session, participants should be able to:
    • Formulate search queries wisely
    • Use search operators
    • Use query modifiers
    • Filter search result
    • Use advance search
    • Utilize Google education apps
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  • 5. What is Google search?
    • Google Search is a full-text and most-used search engine which uses computerized spider/robot to index million of pages on the web.
    • The search results are generally presented in a list of results and the information may consist of web pages, images, videos and other types of files.
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  • 6. Examples of search engines
    • www.google.com
    • www.altavista.com
    • www.alltheweb.com
    • www.ask.com
    • www.mamma.com
    • www.yahoo.com
    • www.bing.com
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  • 7.
    • Analysis of your topic/question is crucial before entering into the search exercise.
    • The analysis of your topic/question should lead you to obtain subject headings and terms to be searched.
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  • 8. Basic search…
    • In making the subject headings, terms and query try to think of:
    • Synonyms,
    • Variant spellings,
    • Plural and singular,
    • Broader and narrower,
    • Homonyms,
    • Acronyms.
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  • 9.
    • Search is always cAsE insensitive.
    • Search operators are case sensitive:
    • Generally, all the words you put in the query will be used.
    • Words that are commonly used, like 'the' 'a' ‘which’ ‘when’ 'for’ ‘of’and alike are usually ignored (these are called stop words).
    • A search engine is not a human, it is a program that matches the words you give to pages on the web .
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  • 10.
    • Describe what you need with as few terms as possible.
    • The broader the terms, the greater are the chances of getting both information relevant and irrelevant
    • Narrower terms usually give fewer result but most relevant
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  • 11.
    • Phrase search ("") By putting double quotes around a set of words, you are telling Google to consider the exact words in that exact order without any change.
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  • 12. The * or wildcard operator
    • If you include * within a query, it tells Google to try to treat the star as a placeholder for any unknown term(s) and then find the best matches.
    • For example, the search [ Google * ] will give you results about many of Google's products
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  • 13. ~ tilde operator
    • The tilde functions as a synonym search, returning not only the search term you specified, but also terms that Google “thinks” are synonymous with the term.
    • For example, the search [ Google trics~ ] will give you following results google trics, tips.. techniques..guide..
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  • 14.
    • Information searching in most database is based on the principle of Boolean logic (the logic of relationship among terms)
    • ( AND, OR, NOT)
    • Boolean operators improve search result by broadening, narrowing and excluding search results
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  • 15. AND operator (+)
    • AND operator tends to narrow a search and make it focused. The more concepts combined in a search with AND logic, the fewer records will be retrieved.
    • Eg. search red AND picture cards
      • From this search you will find cards that contain both the given search terms.
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  • 16. OR operator
    • OR operator broadens search result.
    • Eg. Search black OR picture cards
    • As a result you will get cards that contain one of the given search term or both
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  • 17. NOT operator (-)
    • NOT operator exclude documents that contain the keywords a searcher would not like to appear in the documents.
    • Eg. Search black NOT picture cards
      • From this search you will exclude unwanted cards and find only not pictured black cards
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  • 18.
    • Query modifiers are query words that have special meaning to Google. Typically these operators modify the search in some way, or even tell Google to do a totally different type of search.
    • Use the following commands in your search
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  • 19. allinurl:
      • If you start a query with [allinurl:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of the query words in the url.
      • For instance, [allinurl:digital library] will return only documents that have both “digital" and “library" in the URL.
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  • 20. allintitle :
      • If you start a query with [allintitle:], Google will restrict the results to those with all of the query words in the title. For instance, [allintitle: digital library] will return only documents that have both “digital" and “library" in the title.
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  • 21. define:
      • The query [define:] will provide a definition of the words you enter after it, gathered from various online sources. The definition will be for the entire phrase entered
      • (example [define:digital library]) Google will include all the words in the exact order you typed them)
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  • 22. filetype:
      • Specify a type of document to search.
      • Example; doc, pdf, ppt, mp3, mpg, mp4 etc
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  • 23. site:
      • If you include [site:] in your query, Google will restrict the results to the given domain.
      • For instance, [JK site:www.ippmedia.com] will find pages about JK within www.ippmedia.com.
      • [law site:edu] will find pages about law within .edu urls. [com, org, gov, net, ac.tz, etc]
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  • 24. related:
      • The query [related:] will list web pages that are "similar" to a specified web page.
      • For instance, [related:www.google.com] will list web pages that are similar to the Google homepage.
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  • 25.
    • Search result components appear in font of deferent colors.
    • Page title (blue)
    • URL (green)
    • Page content (black)
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  • 26. Search results options...
    • If you want to filter and customize the search results you see, use the options along the side of the results page.
    • Click More to see all the available filters and views you can apply to that search.
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  • 27. Filter results by type of content
    • Everything : By default, your Google search will show unfiltered results that can include all the types of content below.
    • Images : See only results from Google Images .
    • News : See only results from Google News .
    • Books : See only results from Google Books including reviews, excerpts, and where you can buy the book.
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  • 28. Filter results by type of content
    • Videos : See only video results using Google's Video Search .
    • Blogs : See only results from Google Blog Search .
    • Discussions : See what people are saying in discussion groups, forums, and question-and-answer sites. Google Discussion
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  • 29.
    • When you don’t find what you’re seeking, consider specifying more accurately what you want by using Google’s Advanced Search feature. Don’t be worried by the name “Advanced Search”; it’s easy to use, and it allows you to select or exclude pages with more precision than Google’s standard search box.
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  • 30. Advanced Search 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  • 31. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Books is a service from Google that searches the full text of books that Google has scanned, converted to text and stored in its digital database
  • 32. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Scholar enable searches for scholarly materials such as peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts and technical reports from broad areas of research. It includes a variety of academic publishers, professional societies, and universities, as well as scholarly articles available across the web. Google Scholar includes full text and citations.
  • 33. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Google Docs is a free, Web-based office suite, and data storage service offered by Google. It allows users to upload file up to 1GB, create and edit documents online while collaborating in real-time with other users.
  • 34.
      • When you find a useful web site recording the document information for future so you can always easily return to the source.
      • Making a browser bookmark
      • Use social bookmark pages www.delicious.com
      • You can save web pages by coping and paste the web addresses
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  • 35. Things learnt
    • Basic Google search tips
    • Some basic facts about Google
    • Google search operators
    • Query modifiers
    • Filter search result options
    • Advanced search
    • Google books, scholar & docs
    • Bookmaking
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  • 36. Reference
    • Google Guide http://www.googleguide.com/
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  • 37. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library
  • 38. 11/11/11 Zanzibar University Library Any Question?