Mason-Dixon Line<br />Boundary line between PA and MD<br />Separated Middle and Southern Colonies<br />Named after two surveyors who marked the 400 mile boundary<br />
Maryland<br />Founded by Lord Baltimore, the son of Sir George Calvert, a Roman Catholic who lived in Protestant England. <br />
Charter granted in 1632<br />Settled in 1634<br />Baltimore gave large land grants to people with many servants and family members<br />
Maryland<br />Chesapeake Bay area good for fish, crabs, oysters<br />Had a government assembly<br />Allowed Protestants, as well as Catholics<br />
ACT OF TOLERATION-1649 allowed freedom of religion only for all Christians<br />
Virginia<br />Began with Jamestown 1607<br />Tobacco was major crop<br />Westward movement was causing problems with Natives along the frontier<br />Colonists asked for help, but got none<br />Bacon’s Rebellion followed<br />
BACON’S REBELLION-<br />1676 Nathaniel Bacon, a planter, led raids against Indians, regardless of whether they were friendly or not<br />led followers to burn Jamestown, the capital<br />Bacon died; rebellion fell apart<br />23 of his followers hanged<br />English settlers would continue to move onto frontier<br />
Carolinas<br />1663- 8 English nobles received a grant from King Charles I<br />1712 North Carolina formed-mostly poor farmers drifting down from VA<br />1719 South Carolina formed- mostly wealthy planters <br />Charlestown(Charleston) became major city- Settlers from Barbados; later were Germans, Swiss. French Protestants, and Spanish Jews<br />Rice and Indigo major crops<br />Enslaved Indians, then Africans<br />African slaves outnumbered white settlers by early 1700’s<br />
Georgia <br />James Oglethorpe founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start over.<br />Started with smaller farms and no slavery<br />After plantations and slavery allowed, colony grew quickly.<br />
Tidewater v. Backcountry Life Tidewater<br />Large plantations developed along the coast and the rivers and creeks of the coastal plain.<br />Major crops were tobacco and rice.<br />Slave labor was used (20-100 on average). Africans brought farming skills and the ability to make things out of gourds and palmetto leaves.<br />Shipping ports developed into large cities like Charleston and Savannah.<br />
Backcountry<br />This was west of the Tidewater area.<br />The Great Wagon Road took settlers to the base of the Appalachians.<br />People treated each other equally<br />There were small farms, not plantations.<br />They were self-sufficient farms, with very few slaves, growing food crops and hunting,.<br />Life was harder, simpler, and more closely knit.<br />
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