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Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
Southern colonies
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Southern colonies


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  • 1. Southern Colonies
    Chapter 4
    Section 3
  • 2. Mason-Dixon Line
    Boundary line between PA and MD
    Separated Middle and Southern Colonies
    Named after two surveyors who marked the 400 mile boundary
  • 3. Maryland
    Founded by Lord Baltimore, the son of Sir George Calvert, a Roman Catholic who lived in Protestant England.
  • 4. Charter granted in 1632
    Settled in 1634
    Baltimore gave large land grants to people with many servants and family members
  • 5. Maryland
    Chesapeake Bay area good for fish, crabs, oysters
    Had a government assembly
    Allowed Protestants, as well as Catholics
  • 6. ACT OF TOLERATION-1649 allowed freedom of religion only for all Christians
  • 7. Virginia
    Began with Jamestown 1607
    Tobacco was major crop
    Westward movement was causing problems with Natives along the frontier
    Colonists asked for help, but got none
    Bacon’s Rebellion followed
    1676 Nathaniel Bacon, a planter, led raids against Indians, regardless of whether they were friendly or not
    led followers to burn Jamestown, the capital
    Bacon died; rebellion fell apart
    23 of his followers hanged
    English settlers would continue to move onto frontier
  • 9. Carolinas
    1663- 8 English nobles received a grant from King Charles I
    1712 North Carolina formed-mostly poor farmers drifting down from VA
    1719 South Carolina formed- mostly wealthy planters
    Charlestown(Charleston) became major city- Settlers from Barbados; later were Germans, Swiss. French Protestants, and Spanish Jews
    Rice and Indigo major crops
    Enslaved Indians, then Africans
    African slaves outnumbered white settlers by early 1700’s
  • 10. Georgia
    James Oglethorpe founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start over.
    Started with smaller farms and no slavery
    After plantations and slavery allowed, colony grew quickly.
  • 11. Tidewater v. Backcountry Life Tidewater
    Large plantations developed along the coast and the rivers and creeks of the coastal plain.
    Major crops were tobacco and rice.
    Slave labor was used (20-100 on average). Africans brought farming skills and the ability to make things out of gourds and palmetto leaves.
    Shipping ports developed into large cities like Charleston and Savannah.
  • 12. Backcountry
    This was west of the Tidewater area.
    The Great Wagon Road took settlers to the base of the Appalachians.
    People treated each other equally
    There were small farms, not plantations.
    They were self-sufficient farms, with very few slaves, growing food crops and hunting,.
    Life was harder, simpler, and more closely knit.