Southern colonies
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Southern colonies






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    Southern colonies Southern colonies Presentation Transcript

    • Southern Colonies
      Chapter 4
      Section 3
    • Mason-Dixon Line
      Boundary line between PA and MD
      Separated Middle and Southern Colonies
      Named after two surveyors who marked the 400 mile boundary
    • Maryland
      Founded by Lord Baltimore, the son of Sir George Calvert, a Roman Catholic who lived in Protestant England.
    • Charter granted in 1632
      Settled in 1634
      Baltimore gave large land grants to people with many servants and family members
    • Maryland
      Chesapeake Bay area good for fish, crabs, oysters
      Had a government assembly
      Allowed Protestants, as well as Catholics
    • ACT OF TOLERATION-1649 allowed freedom of religion only for all Christians
    • Virginia
      Began with Jamestown 1607
      Tobacco was major crop
      Westward movement was causing problems with Natives along the frontier
      Colonists asked for help, but got none
      Bacon’s Rebellion followed
      1676 Nathaniel Bacon, a planter, led raids against Indians, regardless of whether they were friendly or not
      led followers to burn Jamestown, the capital
      Bacon died; rebellion fell apart
      23 of his followers hanged
      English settlers would continue to move onto frontier
    • Carolinas
      1663- 8 English nobles received a grant from King Charles I
      1712 North Carolina formed-mostly poor farmers drifting down from VA
      1719 South Carolina formed- mostly wealthy planters
      Charlestown(Charleston) became major city- Settlers from Barbados; later were Germans, Swiss. French Protestants, and Spanish Jews
      Rice and Indigo major crops
      Enslaved Indians, then Africans
      African slaves outnumbered white settlers by early 1700’s
    • Georgia
      James Oglethorpe founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start over.
      Started with smaller farms and no slavery
      After plantations and slavery allowed, colony grew quickly.
    • Tidewater v. Backcountry Life Tidewater
      Large plantations developed along the coast and the rivers and creeks of the coastal plain.
      Major crops were tobacco and rice.
      Slave labor was used (20-100 on average). Africans brought farming skills and the ability to make things out of gourds and palmetto leaves.
      Shipping ports developed into large cities like Charleston and Savannah.
    • Backcountry
      This was west of the Tidewater area.
      The Great Wagon Road took settlers to the base of the Appalachians.
      People treated each other equally
      There were small farms, not plantations.
      They were self-sufficient farms, with very few slaves, growing food crops and hunting,.
      Life was harder, simpler, and more closely knit.