Mason-Dixon Line Boundary line between PA and MD Separated Middle and Southern Colonies Named after two surveyors who marked the 400 mile boundary
Maryland Founded by Lord Baltimore, the son of Sir George Calvert, a Roman Catholic who lived in Protestant England.
Charter granted in 1632 Settled in 1634 Baltimore gave large land grants to people with many servants and family members
Maryland Chesapeake Bay area good for fish, crabs, oysters Had a government assembly Allowed Protestants, as well as Catholics
ACT OF TOLERATION-1649 allowed freedom of religion only for all Christians
Virginia Began with Jamestown 1607 Tobacco was major crop Westward movement was causing problems with Natives along the frontier Colonists asked for help, but got none Bacon’s Rebellion followed
BACON’S REBELLION- 1676 Nathaniel Bacon, a planter, led raids against Indians, regardless of whether they were friendly or not led followers to burn Jamestown, the capital Bacon died; rebellion fell apart 23 of his followers hanged English settlers would continue to move onto frontier
Carolinas 1663- 8 English nobles received a grant from King Charles I 1712 North Carolina formed-mostly poor farmers drifting down from VA 1719 South Carolina formed- mostly wealthy planters Charlestown(Charleston) became major city- Settlers from Barbados; later were Germans, Swiss. French Protestants, and Spanish Jews Rice and Indigo major crops Enslaved Indians, then Africans African slaves outnumbered white settlers by early 1700’s
Georgia James Oglethorpe founded in 1732 as a place where debtors could start over. Started with smaller farms and no slavery After plantations and slavery allowed, colony grew quickly.
Tidewater v. Backcountry Life Tidewater Large plantations developed along the coast and the rivers and creeks of the coastal plain. Major crops were tobacco and rice. Slave labor was used (20-100 on average). Africans brought farming skills and the ability to make things out of gourds and palmetto leaves. Shipping ports developed into large cities like Charleston and Savannah.
Backcountry This was west of the Tidewater area. The Great Wagon Road took settlers to the base of the Appalachians. People treated each other equally There were small farms, not plantations. They were self-sufficient farms, with very few slaves, growing food crops and hunting,. Life was harder, simpler, and more closely knit.