1778-1781 Fighting the War in the South 11/17 TEST TOMORROW...STUDY!!!! BELLWORK- Add the following to your timeline: Battle of Cowpens Surrender at Yorktown Treaty of Paris
learning goal British Commander Clinton picks up Loyalist support and takes Charleston, Camden, and Savannah. http://battleofcamden.org/nps7881.pdf
learning goal King's Mountain <ul><li>ü A battle mostly between Loyalists and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriots... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü British Commander Ferguson had </li></ul><ul><ul><li>brags that they can not be removed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from the mountain. They encamp at a </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>plateau on the mountain. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü The location would be perfect, but </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British must expose themselves to be </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>able to see their targets below. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Patriot sharpshooters pick them off, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>including Ferguson. </li></ul></ul>
learning goal Nathaniel Greene in charge of the Southern Campaign, splits his troops. Morgan takes charge in the backcountry against Tarleton at Cowpens, a frontier pasture that backs up to the Broad River. The much despised Tarleton and his dragoons make a full frontal assault, but Morgan has three lines that draw in his men to envelope them. Sharpshooters pick off many of the officers as they arrive. Militia are stationed and told to fire twice then retreat. Since militia are known for retreating, Tarleton sees this as a sign that they are on the run, and in they charge. However, another two lines surround them, winning a huge Patriot victory. This is a turning point in the Southern Campaign. Cowpens
learning goal Francis Marion, the Swamp Fox, uses guerilla tactics, coming out of hiding in the South Carolina swamps and making hit and run attacks on the British.
learning goal Benedict Arnold's Treason Washington gives Arnold command of West Point. feeling slighted and needing money, he makes a deal with British Commander Clinton to turn it over to them. Their messenger, Colonel Andre, is captured and executed. Arnold gets away and becomes a British general, burning Richmond and other towns.
learning goal Cornwallis ignores an order from Clinton to go to New York. Instead he stays at the Yorktown Peninsula, certain that British ships will supply his needs. Cornwallis' mistake costs him the war. Washington, Rochambeau, and the French fleet trap Cornwallis at Yorktown. After a seige of several weeks, Cornwallis must surrender October 19, 1781. Yorktown
learning goal Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Negotiated by Ben Franklin, John </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jay, and John Adams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü United States is an independent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Borders: N-Great Lakes; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S-Florida(Spain); W-MS River; E- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atlantic Ocean </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Americans will pay damages to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalists </li></ul></ul>Terms of the Treaty
learning goal Who did Gen. Clinton hope would support him in the South? Natives Loyalists Patriots
learning goal At King's Mountain, Patriots used this advantage against Ferguson's men: location of the Patriot troops shooting skills knowledge of the area
learning goal King's Mountain is fought mainly between Loyalists and Hessians Native Americans and Patriots Loyalists and Patriots
learning goal Washington put ____ in charge of Southern Forces. Daniel Morgan Nathaniel Greene William Clinton
learning goal At Cowpens, Morgan took advantage of the common belief that militia ______. run away are great shots are fearless
learning goal Colonists had an additional reason to beat Tarleton. He was known for _____. being a tax collector before the war not giving quarter to those surrendering being the Commander at Bunker Hill
learning goal Francis Marion was called the ____ for his guerilla tactics. Swamp Rat Swamp Fox Swamp Monkey
learning goal What mistake did Cornwallis make? He stayed in Philadelphia for a party. He went to Albany to a meeting. He didn't follow orders and stayed at Yorktown Peninsula.
learning goal Who was not part of the group making the Treaty of Paris? John Jay George Washington John Adams