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Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
Middle Ages
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Middle Ages

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Chapter 14 Sections 1 and 2

Chapter 14 Sections 1 and 2

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. Middle Ages
    Turn to page 394
    Make sure you are reading the chapter!
  • 2. What were the Middle Ages?
    Between 500 and 1500 A.D.
    As a result of the fall of the Roman Empire and invading groups, Europe fragmented into smaller groups with different languages.
  • 3. Charlemagne
    Around 800 AD, a Frank named Charlemagne united most of Western Europe
    The Pope declared him Emperor.
    His accomplishments:
    Reuniting Western Europe
    Education
    Economy
    Christianization
  • 4. Vikings
    From Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
    Seafaring People
    Pillaged and plundered through Europe from 800 to about 1100 AD
    On a positive note, they reopened trade routes.
  • 5. Feudalism Emerges as a Government System
    King
    Barons, Nobles,
    Lords, Princes
    Protection
    Vassals
    knights
    Peasants
    or serfs
  • 6. The Manor System of Economy
    Peasants or serfs
    SELF-SUFFICIENT!!!
    King
    • Kings give land (fiefs) to Lords
    • 7. Lords are vassals to the king,
    expected to collect taxes and goods from it for the king
    • Lords are protectors and judges for the manor
    Barons, Nobles,
    Lords, Princes
    • Vassals work the land, raise livestock
    • 8. Pay taxes and food to the Lord of the Manor
    • 9. Work to pay way out or escape after a year and a day
  • Section 2
    The Church and Rise of Cities
  • 10. Most people in Western Europe in the Middle Ages were Roman Catholic.
  • 11. Religious and Economic Power
    People were constrained by the idea of punishment-hell, and reward-heaven.
    Clergy (church leaders) collected taxes and fiefs from Lords for performing various religious services-baptisms, weddings, church services, etc.
  • 12. Church Political Power
    People who were excommunicated were left out of everything.
    Church officials advised kings and lords.
  • 13. Church organization
    Pope
    Parish Priests
    Archbishops
    Bishops
  • 14. Everyday
    Priests were in every community
    They performed various religious rites and took confessions from parishoners.
  • 15. Monasteries and Convents
    Monasteries – Monks –developed better ways to farm; copied religious writings
    Convents- Nuns helped with education and health
  • 16. Scholasticism
    Used reasoning to explain things that had always been explained by faith alone.
  • 17. Trade and Towns
    People were beginning to feel safer. They opened up the ancient trade routes. European merchants bought and sold goods from afar.
    Towns began as manors became overcrowded; lords allowed serfs to buy freedom and move to towns.
  • 18. Towns developed where local goods were traded
    • Small markets that grew into larger trade fairs
    • 19. Along rivers and highways
    • 20. Near monasteries and fortified places
  • Towns and Cities
    By 1300, there were some large cities.
    Paris had 300,000 people! (largest in world at that time)
  • 21. Middle Class Develops
    Merchants
    Traders
    Craft workers
    Guilds of certain occupations began to:
    Set quality standards
    Set price controls
    Pay dues to support those of their number in need
  • 22. Steps to Becoming a Guild Member
    Ages 8-14: Be an apprentice. Live with someone who can teach you the trade, but you are not paid a salary. You are there to learn.
    After apprenticeship: Become a journeyman. You are paid for your work, and eventually you create a reputation for yourself that makes you worthy of acceptance into the guild.
  • 23. Overcrowding in Cities
    Extremely unsanitary conditions led to lots of disease, such as the Black Death, that ravaged Europe from 1347 to 1351.
    It was transmitted by fleas on rats.
  • 24. Medieval Culture
    Large cathedrals built in gothic style
    Stained glass artwork
    Cathedral schools
    Chivalry- the code of good conduct for knights
    Troubadors- traveling entertainers who parlayed stories of great knights winning over beautiful ladies into music

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