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Mesopotamia unit terms

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  • 1. Mesopotamia-”The Land Between the Rivers (Tigris and Euphrates)
  • 2. In the Middle East-near present day Iraq
  • 3.
    • Its settlers were herders from the grasslands of the Arabian Peninsula and the highlands of Turkey.
  • 4.
    • 1 st known to control their environment(irrigation)-put holes in levees to get water to crops…Canals were dug to get greater amounts farther distances
  • 5. Crops
    • #1- Barley
    • Also, vegetables, fruits, flax, sesame, dates
  • 6. City Life
    • Ur- City State built by Sumerians from Sumer
  • 7.
    • Walls made of mud and crushed reeds for protection from enemies
  • 8.
    • Center of city life was the temple
    • With many people, they had to make laws
  • 9. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Civilization-society w/ a developed knowledge of farming, trade, government, art, and science
  • 10. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Culture- way of life
  • 11. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Artisans-skilled workers
  • 12. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Empire-lands ruled by an emperor
  • 13. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Ziggurat-Mesopota-mian temple
  • 14. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • City-state- a city that is also an independent nation
  • 15. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Irrigate-to supply dry land w/water
  • 16. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Cuneiform-Sumerian wedge-shaped writing
  • 17. Mesopotamia Unit Terms
    • Scribe-Sumerian writer
  • 18. Sumerian Cities
    • They were city-states
    • Made up of cities w/farmland around it
  • 19. Sumerian Cities
    • Religion was the center of Sumerian life.They believed in 3000 gods. Most of these were involving nature.
  • 20. Sumerian Learning
    • Only rich boys went to school.
    • Writing (cuneiform) was done w/reeds on clay tablets
  • 21. Men and Women
    • Women could buy and sell property and slaves
  • 22. Men and Women
    • Men were heads of the house. They could divorce for no reason or even sell their wives and children for up to 3 years. Men arranged marriages for children.
  • 23. Children
    • Their job was to OBEY both parents and older siblings, as well as the priest.
  • 24. Priests/Kings
    • Priests were usually kings of city-states
  • 25. Priests/Kings
    • About 3000 B.C. military leaders began being kings instead.
  • 26. Priests/Kings
    • After that, kingship was hereditary.
  • 27. 2400 B.C.-Sumer’s glory fades
    • Sargon I created the world’s first empire by defeating Sumerian city-states.
  • 28.  
  • 29. 2400 B.C.-Sumer’s glory fades
    • After Sargon I died, Hammurabi, King of Babylon and the Amorite people conquered the area all the way to the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 30. Hammurabi’s Reforms
    • Improved irrigation
    • Babylonian gods
    • Tax system
    • Gov’t housing
    • CODE OF LAWS
  • 31.  
  • 32. Hammurabi’s Code
    • Innocent until proven guilty
  • 33. Hammurabi’s Code
    • Punishments- fines to death; no prisons
  • 34. Hammurabi’s Code
    • Upper class more severely punished
  • 35. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • “ Cradle of Civilization”
  • 36. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • 1 st written laws
  • 37. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • Wheel
  • 38. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • Plow
  • 39. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • Sailboat
  • 40. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • 12-month calendar based on astronomy
  • 41. Mesopotamian Contributions
    • Number system based on 60-led to the clock