Launching a new nation

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Chapter 8 Section 1 Prentice Hall American History
Launching a New Nation

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Launching a new nation

  1. 1. This portrait by Gilbert Stuart 1796. From www.mountvernon.org
  2. 2. Alexander HamiltonSecretary of the Treasury Thomas JeffersonSecretary of State Henry KnoxSecretary of War Edmund RandolphAttorney General
  3. 3. Washington appointed John Jay the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court • Supreme Court with 6 Justices • 3 Circuit Courts • 13 District Courts
  4. 4. US pays debts for both US and states. Create a national bank for deposits. Impose high taxes on imports.
  5. 5. 1. PAYING STATE AND FEDERAL DEBT: James Madison of Virginia disagreed that many Southern states should have to help pay debts for other states, since they had already paid their own. Hamilton made a compromise that the capital of the new nation would move to Washington, D.C., where it is today.
  6. 6. 2. FORMING A NATIONAL BANK Jefferson said the new bank was unconstitutional. “It’s not in there, so you can’t do it,” is a strict interpretation of the Constitution. Hamilton said that it was necessary to do this, and it fit the Constitution loosely by way of Article 1 Section 8’s “necessary and proper” clause.
  7. 7. 3. The Tariff
  8. 8. WHY DID AMERICANS ALLOW HARMING TAX COLLECTORS BEFORE THE REVOLUTION, BUT NOT AFTER?

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