French and indian war part onePresentation Transcript
French and Indian War- Part One 1754-1763
Day 1-Monday-10/10/11 Write your homework assignment in your planner: Read Chapter 5 Section 1. Do page 145#1 Identify Terms by Wednesday. Extra points for early work. Test Friday on French and Indian War. Write and answer the Bell Question: How did the French coureurs de bois make their living?
France and Britain Stake Claims European nations were more powerful because of their colonies. Remember we said that England was growing wealthy from the raw materials they could get from their American colonies. France wanted the same thing.
Each wanted to dominate America, the Caribbean, and Asia.
A Struggle for the Ohio Country England had the 13 colonies; they also had a an Iroquois treaty for some lands up to the Ohio River. France’s Canadian Governor Marquis Duquesne began ordering forts be built in the area to protect their already booming fur trade.
England told Governor (Gov.) Dinwiddie of Virginia that they could start constructing forts to protect their interests, too. England’s interests were tied with the Ohio Company’s interests, which Dinwiddie was also a part of.
Our 1st Glimpse of George Washington Dinwiddie sent George Washington to Fort le Boeuf in the Ohio Territory. He had a letter telling the French they were trespassing and should leave. Washington was only 21 when he set off on this daring adventure!
A Little Background on GW His great-grandfather was known for removing Indians from Virginia. His brother Lawrence was in the British Navy, and owned Mt. Vernon, which GW later owned. He wrote down Rules of Civility as a teen, and he seemed to live by them. Click on the title below to read some of the rules GW lived by!
He was skilled in math, studied surveying, and became a county surveyor at age 17, surveying and mapping out frontier areas. At 19, he went w/ Lawrence to Barbados and came down with smallpox, which left him scarred; but he overcame it.
Review Questions What caused problems between the English and the French in America by the 1750’s? What company’s rights did England protect? What did Dinwiddie want GW to do? What qualified him for the job?
Day 2-Tuesday-10/11/11 Do not forget your assignment to do #1 on page 145. It is due tomorrow. If you have it completed early for extra points, let me know when I call roll. Test Friday on French and Indian War. Bell question: Why did Britain and France go to war in 1754?
George Washington delivered the message telling the French to leave.
They, of course, did not. On the way home, Washington saw a great place for a fort, and the English agreed. It would be at the place where the Allegheny and Monongohala meet to form the Ohio River.
The English began to build, but the French took this over and finished the fort, calling it Ft. Duquesne, after their French Governor of New France. Meanwhile, Washington was being sent with troops to establish a stronghold in the Ohio Valley and recruit natives to the English side.
Washington’s men attacked a French scouting party, (led by the brother of the Commander of Ft. Duquesne) then retreated to build Ft. Necessity.
The French overwhelmed them easily. (July 3, 1754) They let Washington and his men go with the understanding they would not build forts for another year.
Ironically, the day Washington had to give up Ft. Necessity at Great Meadows was July 4, 1754, 22 years to the day before the Declaration of Independence! One would be a great defeat, and one would be a great triumph in his life.
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/journal/journaltext.html The text of Washington’s Journal Washington’s timeline for beginning the french and indian war Oct. 31, 1753-Washington is sent to Ft. LeBoeuf from Williamsburg, VA. Nov. 25 – He reaches Loggs Town (a couple of miles SE of the Forks of the Ohio). Nov 25-30th - He has meetings with the Indian Half-King and other important Indian leaders @ Loggs Town. Dec. 5, 1753- Washington arrives at Ft. Vanango, where he hears much about what the French are planning. Dec. 12, 1753-Washington meets the commander of Ft. LeBoeuf and gives him the letter. Dec. 16, 1753- Washington begins return to Virginia. Dec. 26, 1753- A party of French Indians attack Washington and Gist between Murdering Town and Shannopins Town, not far from Venango. Jan. 1, 1754- Washington’s group arrives back at Gist’s home. Jan. 16, 1754- Washington reports back to Dinwiddie in Williamsburg.
May 14, 1754- After Washington has been sent to oversee and protect building of forts in Ohio Valley, he sets up camp at Great Meadows near Wills Creek. May 17, 1754- Washington’s men ambush a French scouting party not far away at Jumonville Glen, killing 10, and capturing 21 more. Half-King kills Jumonville, the commander of the scouts ( and brother of the Commander of the French Fort Duquesne.) May 29, 1754- Washington and his men have hastily put together a fort, Ft. Necessity. June 9, 1754- British reinforcements arrive, but only get their numbers up to under 300. July 3, 1754- 600 French and 100 Indian allies attack Ft. Necessity. July4, 1754- British give up the Fort. Washington signs papers admitting to killing Jumonville, but he misses the wording, whicn says “assassinated,” rather than killed. The war has begun, but it is not official until it is declared in Europe two years later (which is why they say “The Seven Years War.”)
Day 3-Wednesday-10/12/11 Your homework from page 145 is due today. Bring it to me as I call roll, please. Test Friday on French and Indian War Beginnings. Bell question: How could we say that the war started with George Washington?
The War begins After the events of Ft. Duquesne and Ft. Necessity, war was on, although it was not formally declared for another 2 years. Both the French and the English secured Native American tribes to fight on their side. The Indians were in an impossible place. Fighting alongside either country might not help them to remain in their homelands.
Natives for the French French gained more support from natives because they
Didn’t clear land
Adopted Indian ways
Natives for the english Natives who supported the English liked that they paid higher prices for furs supported their fight against their native enemies
Advantages FRENCH Already in the area Knowledge of the area Know how to use resources/guerilla warfare One united government (one governor) Many Indian allies Forts already built BRITISH Available manpower from colonists Available supplies from colonies British regular army had easy access from the ocean
Day 4- Thursday-10/13/11 Your test on the French and Indian War is Friday. Bell Question: Which side had the advantage of more Indian allies, the French or the British?
Day 5 – Friday-10/14/11 Your test is today. Bell question: How had the French adapted to native ways? How did that help them in the war?