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Civil war battles vol 1
 

Civil war battles vol 1

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    Civil war battles vol 1 Civil war battles vol 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Information from thehistoryplace.com, PBS, TheAmerican Nation textbook, and historychannel.com
    • Ft. • After the Revolution, U.S.Sumter beefed up security along the coast by building forts, like Ft. Sumter, off the shore of Charleston, SC.
    • • When SC seceded, SC believed that any previous government holdings should belong to SC.
    • S.C. tried to negotiate w/U.S.,but getting nowhere w/ that, they surrounded the harbor and the fort w/ men and artillery. U.S. Maj. Robert Anderson had only 88 men and enough rations for a couple of weeks. Gen. Beauregard waited.
    • • Confederate Pres. Davis got word that U.S. Pres. Lincoln was sending reinforcements to the fort, soLincoln he ordered Davis Beauregard to attack the fort.
    • Beauregard began about 4:30 A.M., April 12, 1861.• 34 hours later, Anderson and his men surrendered the fort.
    • Days later…• Virginia seceded.• Lincoln blockaded southern ports.
    • Weeks later…• Ark., Tenn., and N. Carolina seceded, making 11 CSA(Confederate) states.
    • • July 4, 1861, Lincoln called for 500,000 Union recruits.
    • July 21, 1861…about 25 miles from Washington, D.C.• Stonewall Jackson got his nickname helping Johnston defeat McDowell @ Bull Run. Lincoln saw the South as a tough opponent.
    • • Lincoln replaced McDowell w/ McClellan, making him Commander of the Potomac, and later, all Union forces.
    • • “Unconditional Feb. 1862 Surrender” Grant won battles @ Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, leaving the TN River and Nashville in Union hands.
    • March 1862-• The South rebuilt Hampton USS Merrimack as Rds.,VA ironclad CSS Virginia. She sank 2 ships, then tied w/ the ironclad Monitor.
    • March 8-9, 1862PeninsularCampaign • McClellan went from Washington down the Potomac toward Richmond, VA (CSA capital).
    • • April 6-7,1862 Grant surprised @Shiloh,TN Casualties : 13,000/10,000 More than in all previous wars combined!
    • • Union Navy’s April 24, officer Farragut 1862 took New Orleans. His famous quote later in the war: “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!”
    • May 31, 1862• Battle of 7 Pines• CSA Gen. Johnston attacked McClelland close to Richmond. Johnston wounded.
    • June 1, 1862• Robert E. Lee became the General of the “Army of Northern Virginia.”
    • June • 7 Days Battles25- July1, 1862 • CSA GeneralLee drove McClellan back toward Washington
    • August 29-30, 18622 Battle of Bull Run nd
    • • CSA had 20,000 fewer men, Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet sent Pope’s Union troops back to Washington.
    • • Lincoln relieved Union General Pope of his command.
    • September 17,1862 Antietam, Maryland• Lee with 50,000 pushed northward.• McClellan cut him off with 90,000.
    • Antietam -The bloodiest battle• Over 26,000 casualties. Lee went back to VA.