Chapter10sections12 100218065525-phpapp01

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  • 1. Our 3 rd President Jefferson’s Presidency
  • 2. Jefferson wanted
    • greater democracy
    • smaller role for the Federal Government
  • 3. Economic Policies
    • Keep the Federal debt low.
      • Sec. of Treas. Gallatin reduced spending.
      • Gov’t. should take a laissez faire approach. Allow businesses and markets to operate without gov’t. interference.
  • 4. Less Active Government
    • Government only there for protection of citizens.
    • Reduced government departments and size of departments.
    • Reduced military size.
  • 5.
    • Cut federal budget.
    • Repealed Whiskey Tax.
    • Pardoned Sedition Act convictions.
    • Repealed Alien Act.
  • 6. Some Federalist policies left in place
    • Bank of United States
    • State debts paid.
    • Many Federalists kept gov’t. jobs
  • 7. The Supreme Court problem for Jefferson
    • During Adams’ Presidency, Federalist controlled Congress passed a law adding more judges to the Supreme Court.
  • 8.
    • Adams made these appointments (all Federalists) after Jefferson was elected, but before he was inaugurated.
  • 9. The last appointment was named Marbury. It was Adams’ last day.
  • 10.
    • The 1800 Congress, now mostly Republicans, hated the appointment. They called him a “midnight judge.”
  • 11.
    • Jefferson told James Madison (his Sec. of State) not to deliver his appointment papers.
    • Marbury sued Madison.
  • 12. The Judicial Act said that cases against federal officials ( like Madison) had to go to the Supreme Court.
  • 13.
    • Supreme Court Chief Justice Marshall( a Federalist appointed by Adams) said that the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, anyway.
  • 14. Marbury v. Madison was both good and bad for Jefferson.
    • Marshall had ruled against Marbury.
    • The decision gave much more power to the Supreme Court to throw out laws passed by Congress.
  • 15. Marshall set a precedent.
    • This is called Judicial Review.
  • 16. Chapter 10 Section 2
  • 17. Trouble in New Orleans
    • Vital to the U.S. for shipping and holding, Washington had worked out use of the port w/ Spain (Pinckney Treaty).
  • 18. Questions about New Orleans Spain returned N.O. to France in 1800. Would Napoleon want to take over here, too?
  • 19.
    • Haiti’s revolution diverted his attentions long enough for Jefferson to make him an offer for the port.
    • Would he take $10 Million for New Orleans?
  • 20. The Surprising Counter-Offer
    • Talleyrand:How would you like to buy ALL of Louisiana?
    • Livingston: How about $4 Million?
    • Talleyrand: Too low. See me tomorrow.
  • 21. What a Deal!
    • Next day: Livingston buys ALL of Louisiana for $15 Million (The Louisiana Purchase)
  • 22. Wait a minute… Is this Constitutional?
    • Jefferson decided to call the land deal a treaty and Congress could approve it.
  • 23.
    • They also appropriated the money for an expedition by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore what Jefferson had bought.
  • 24.
    • While staying with the Mandans in the plains of North Dakota, they met Sacagawea and her French Canadian husband. She helped them negotiate with other Indians, including the Shoshone tribes.
  • 25.
    • During their trip across the Rockies, they crossed the Continental Divide. They brought back invaluable information about people, animals, land, and vegetation along the way.
  • 26.
    • Zebulon Pike explored present-day Colorado and New Mexico.
    • Pike’s Peak in Colorado is named for him.
  • 27.
    • The first westward settlement was mainly along the MS River, and particularly, New Orleans. Louisiana had a large enough population for statehood by 1812.