Chapter 9 Section 1 And 2 Ab


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Chapter 9 Sections 1 and 2

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Chapter 9 Section 1 And 2 Ab

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Section 1
  2. 2. Washington Set Precedents as President <ul><li>Title was President of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Was inaugurated </li></ul>
  3. 3. Washington Set Precedents as President <ul><li>Chose a cabinet- a group of department leaders who serve the President </li></ul>
  4. 4. Washington Set Precedents as President <ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton-Secretary of the Treasury </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Did not run for a 3 rd term </li></ul>
  5. 5. Judiciary Act <ul><li>Supreme Court would be 1 Chief Justice & 5 Associate Justices*** </li></ul><ul><li>John Jay-1 st C.J. </li></ul><ul><li>***We have 8 Associate Justices today. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>1 st job was to tackle national debt (total amount of money a gov’t owes to others) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>He wanted to buy back the bonds that states and the U.S. had sold before 1789. Then they could sell new bonds to pay off the old debts. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Starting problems w/southern states <ul><li>Southern states had already paid their war debts, yet were included in repaying the nation’s debts (including debts of other states). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Testing the New Government <ul><li>Congress put a tax on liquor made and sold in the U.S. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Testing the New Government <ul><li>Backcountry farmers who grew corn and distilled whiskey marched on Pittsburgh, and they tarred & feathered tax collectors. </li></ul>Picture from
  11. 11. Testing the New Government <ul><li>Washington sent in the militia to break up the Whiskey Rebellion . </li></ul>“ Therefore, and in pursuance of the proviso above recited, I. George Washington, President of the United States, do hereby command all persons, being insurgents, as aforesaid, and all others whom it may concern, on or before the 1st day of September next to disperse and retire peaceably to their respective abodes. And I do moreover warn all persons whomsoever against aiding, abetting, or comforting the perpetrators of the aforesaid treasonable acts; and do require all officers and other citizens, according to their respective duties and the laws of the land, to exert their utmost endeavors to prevent and suppress such dangerous proceedings.”
  12. 12. Testing the New Government <ul><li>No one was arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, people knew that the new gov’t. could be fair, but they would not tolerate violence. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Chapter 9 Section 2- Creating a Foreign Policy
  14. 14. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>The French lower classes, facing widespread famine and watching nobility living lives of excess, are no doubt inspired by the American Revolution. </li></ul>
  16. 16. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>They rebel against their monarchy, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. </li></ul>
  17. 17. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>Rioting mobs storm the Bastille in 1789, starting a series of events leading to a “Reign of Terror” about 4 years later. </li></ul><ul><li>Cobb, Richard. &quot;Voices of the French Revolution&quot; Topsfield, MA: Salem House Publishers, 1988, p. 71 </li></ul>
  18. 18. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>During one 12-month period, nearly 40,000 were sent to the guillotine, including the king and queen. </li></ul>
  19. 19. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>Remember that 1789 is the year George Washington is inaugurated. </li></ul>
  20. 20. America responds to the French Revolution <ul><li>The Question: </li></ul><ul><li>If the French helped us in our revolution, should we help them? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Opposing Views <ul><li>Jefferson-Yes! They deserve the same chance for democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton-No! You can’t create democracy with violence. </li></ul>
  22. 22. And what about their war w/ England? <ul><li>We signed a treaty to be allies with France! </li></ul><ul><li>We signed the treaty w/Louis XVI-now dead! </li></ul>
  23. 23. Washington’s Foreign Policy <ul><li>Neutrality Proclamation-Don’t take sides! </li></ul>
  24. 24. Jay’s Treaty <ul><li>John Jay was sent to England to work out an agreement after the Brits had seized 250 American ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain had to pay damages. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Jay’s Treaty <ul><li>“ “ “ give up forts in the West. </li></ul><ul><li>Americans had to pay outstanding debts to British merchants. </li></ul>