Chapter 4.1 2013

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Chapter 4 Section 1 Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation Life in the Colonies

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Chapter 4.1 2013

  1. 1. CHAPTER 4 LIFE IN THE COLONIES 1650-1750 Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation A. Barnette 2013
  2. 2. Section One GOVERNING THE COLONIES
  3. 3. Magna Carta •No taxation without representation •Right to trial by jury •Right to property ENGLISH PARLIAMENTARY TRADITIONS Ideas about how government should work in the colonies came from what they knew in England: English Bill of Rights • William & Mary responded to Glorious Revolution by recognizing that they had to guarantee protection of certain freedoms • Regular meetings of Parliament • Habeas corpus* Parliament • a two-house legislature • checks on the monarchy’s power *http://www.brighthubeducation. com/learning-translating- latin/29406-literal-translation-of- carpe-diem-and-habeas- corpus/
  4. 4. COLONIAL SELF-GOVERNMENT  Eventually, every colony had some sort of legislature, but these were some of the first with elected delegates: Jamestown- House of Burgesses Massachusetts- General Court Pennsylvania- General Assembly Right to Vote  More men could vote in the colonies than in England.  Women, natives, and Africans were denied suffrage.  Thought question: Why do you think that they only wanted landowners to vote?
  5. 5. FREEDOM OF THE PRESS  John Peter Zenger’s trial set an important precedent.  His printed criticisms of the governor could not be considered libel, because the accusations he made were true.  This basic freedom of the press allows citizens the right to be informed by the media.  Thought Question: Which Amendment to our Constitution protects freedom of the press?
  6. 6. REGULATING TRADE (TO SUPPORT MERCANTILISM) NAVIGATION ACTS  European products had to go through England before going to the colonies.  Products had to be transported on British or British colonial ships.  Major products like tobacco and sugar went only to England. Advantages  There was a sure fire market for goods in England.  Shipbuilding became a major industry in New England.Disadvantages Colonists were not allowed to get greater profits from other European markets. Colonists began smuggling to get around the laws. Thought question: What kinds of problems can you anticipate between the colonists and England because of Navigation Acts?

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