Chapter 4 Section 4
The Spread of New Ideas
Prentice Hall
America History of Our Nation
A. Barnette 2013
The Importance of Education
 Massachusetts was
the first colony to
have public schools.
 They were funded
publicly and
p...
Colonial Schools
 Students learned
◦ Religion
◦ Reading
◦ Writing
◦ Arithmetic
Methods of learning
◦ Primers
◦ Hornbooks
...
Education for African Americans
 Free African
Americans, Native
Americans, and
poor whites were
sometimes taught
by relig...
Upper Levels
 Grammar school then
was like high school
now, but they were
also expected to
learn “the classics,”
Greek an...
Roots of American Literature
 Poetry
◦ Ann Bradstreet- “To My
Dear and Loving
Husband”-first colonial
poet
◦ Phyllis Whea...
Roots of American Literature
 Ben Franklin
◦ Pennsylvania Gazette-
He began publishing at
age 17!
◦ Poor Richard’s Amanac...
The Great Awakening
Religious Revival
 Puritanism had
waned, and many
thought Christianity
was losing its fervor.
 Preac...
The Great Awakening
Impact of the Great
Awakening
 New
denominations, like
Baptist, Methodist,
Presbyterian, etc.
 More ...
The Enlightenment
 John Locke-
◦ Englishman who said
that people have
natural rights (This idea
ended up in our
Declarati...
The Enlightenment
 Baron de
Montesquieu
◦ Government should
have a separation of
powers into different
branches:
Legislat...
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Chapter 4 section 4 2013

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Chapter 4 Section 4 Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation

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Chapter 4 section 4 2013

  1. 1. Chapter 4 Section 4 The Spread of New Ideas Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation A. Barnette 2013
  2. 2. The Importance of Education  Massachusetts was the first colony to have public schools.  They were funded publicly and privately.  Puritans required parents to teach their children to read and write.
  3. 3. Colonial Schools  Students learned ◦ Religion ◦ Reading ◦ Writing ◦ Arithmetic Methods of learning ◦ Primers ◦ Hornbooks Types of schools Public, private, tutors , dame schools, no schools at all Thought question: Why do you think that there was such a difference between the levels of education in the South?
  4. 4. Education for African Americans  Free African Americans, Native Americans, and poor whites were sometimes taught by religious groups.  Slave codes usually forbid teaching slaves, but some found ways to learn despite the laws. Thought Question: Why do you think slave codes prohibited the education of slaves?
  5. 5. Upper Levels  Grammar school then was like high school now, but they were also expected to learn “the classics,” Greek and Latin.  Colleges began for ministers before expanding to other disciplines.  The first was Harvard, followed by William and Mary. Thought Question: Why do you think the first colleges were formed to educate ministers?
  6. 6. Roots of American Literature  Poetry ◦ Ann Bradstreet- “To My Dear and Loving Husband”-first colonial poet ◦ Phyllis Wheatley-had been a slave in Boston- 1st African American woman to publish a book
  7. 7. Roots of American Literature  Ben Franklin ◦ Pennsylvania Gazette- He began publishing at age 17! ◦ Poor Richard’s Amanack –many famous wise sayings in this yearly publication ◦ Became a Founding Father who used his intellect to make the country a better place- was a scientist, inventor, publi sher, community activist, and diplomat
  8. 8. The Great Awakening Religious Revival  Puritanism had waned, and many thought Christianity was losing its fervor.  Preachers like Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield stirred emotions with powerful sermons.
  9. 9. The Great Awakening Impact of the Great Awakening  New denominations, like Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, etc.  More tolerance of religious differences Photo source: http://bjws.blogspot.com/2012/03/early- american-churches-in-original-13.html
  10. 10. The Enlightenment  John Locke- ◦ Englishman who said that people have natural rights (This idea ended up in our Declaration of Independence.) ◦ He said our natural rights come directly from God, not from God, to a monarch, then to us. ◦ Governments should protect these rights. Thought question: If government should protect our natural rights, what happens if it does not?
  11. 11. The Enlightenment  Baron de Montesquieu ◦ Government should have a separation of powers into different branches: Legislative, Executive , and Judicial ◦ We have that idea in our Constitution. Thought Question: What can you say that the Enlightenment thinkers had in common?

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