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Chapter 4 section 2 2013


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Chapter 4 Section 2 Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation Colonial Life

Chapter 4 Section 2 Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation Colonial Life

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  • 1. Chapter 4 Section 2 Colonial Society Prentice Hall America History of Our Nation A. Barnette 2013
  • 2. The Family in Colonial Times  Farm Life ◦ Extended families ◦ Responsibilities for each family member ◦ Self-sufficient ◦ Uncomfortable furnishings ◦ Made their own entertainment
  • 3. The Family in Colonial Times  City Life ◦ Easier to live as a single person ◦ Single people usually lived as a servant or in a boarding house ◦ Family ties still important
  • 4. Men, Women, and Children Each had different important roles in the family.
  • 5. Men, Women, and Children  Men-had authority over household and acted as the family representative
  • 6. Women  A woman was expected to marry, not because of love, but because her parents thought the man would be the best fit religiously, socially, and economically for her.  She submitted to the husband’s authority, and acted as his helpmeet.  She did household chores of the time: churning, spinning yarn, sewing, cleaning, cooking over an open fire, tending to the “close in” needs like milking, chicken feeding, garden tending.  She couldn’t vote.
  • 7. Children  Unless they were wealthy, children usually had homemade toys.  By the age of 7, they had responsibilities that grew with them.  Boys might be sent to live away from the family as an apprentice to learn a trade.
  • 8. Social Classes  The major determinant of social class was how much land one owned.  Social class tended to be constant for generations, but could be improved in the colonies.
  • 9. The Gentry  The Upper Class ◦ Wealthy planters ◦ Royal officials ◦ Merchants ◦ Successful lawyers ◦ Extremely successful artisans ◦ Often felt a great responsibility to serve their community
  • 10. The Middle Class  Not rich or poor ◦ Small planters ◦ Independent farmers ◦ Artisans ◦ White colonists and free blacks ◦ Could vote ◦ A growing segment of society in the colonies
  • 11. Indentured Servants  They contracted their service for a number of years in order to get the opportunity to live in the colonies.  They were often treated cruelly.  If they endured the contract period, they might receive little land and some essential needs.  They often remained poor.
  • 12. Free African Americans  There were only about 60,000 free African American people, as opposed to 757,000 slaves.  Some bought, sold, and held slaves themselves.  They could own property, but could not vote.