The Thirteen English Colonies NEW ENGLAND Mrs. Barnette 2012
New England* Massachusetts (Includes present-day Maine) Connecticut Rhode Island New Hampshire *Some people call all 13 colonies “New England,” but these 4 colonies were the New England region Map from nps.gov
MassachusettsThe Puritans came to Massachusetts after attempting to reform the Anglican Church.
Both believed in a stricter adherence to scriptures. While the Pilgrims chose separating from the Church of England (Anglican Church) as a first Pilgrims? resort, Puritans wanted reform Puritans? from within. They would have What’s the difference? been content with the Church of England hierarchy if it followed what they believed were Biblical principles. (Maxwell, pilgrimhall.org 2003)
To “purify” the Anglican ChurchThey wanted: No clergy above the rank of parish priest No set prayers /elaborate rituals; simple worship and clothing of church leaders Church hierarchy would not be under direct control of the King.http://elane.stanford.edu/wilson/html/chap3/chap3-sect4.html
King Charles I brought changes to the Church of England. Puritans disagreed, and many were persecuted by the government. They still managed to become a powerful force in Parliament. An ensuing civil war resulted with the beheading of Charles Charles I (1600-1649)began his reign in 1625. I. http://www2.fiu.edu/~casinesg/Monarchs/monarchs.ht
Oliver Cromwell, the Puritan leader of the Parliament forces, became head of the government; but shortly after he died, Charles II returned the monarchy to the throne. Oliver Cromwell, “Lord Protector of England”1649-1659
Beginnings of Massachusetts BayColonyPuritans arrived 1630.Not only Puritans went. Some were youngest sons, or those wanting economic gain.
Governing Massachusetts John Winthrop was Governor. He worked physically, as well as politically. “City on a Hill” sermon https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/winthr
VotingOnly stockholders of the MA Bay Colony could vote.This caused discontent, since most were not stockholders.Church members did not want non-Puritans in power.They decided to let male church members vote for Governor and General Court.
Leaving MassachusettsThomas Hooker led 106 settlers out of MA. He founded Hartford, Connecticut.Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Allowed all male landowners to vote Limited governor’s power, thus expanding the idea of representative gov’t.
Roger Williams and Rhode IslandHe thought the Puritan Church had too much power. He wanted separation of church and state. He advocated religious tolerance, which Puritans did not have.Ordered to leave, he and his followers bought land from Natives in Rhode Island.He allowed Jews, Protestants, and Catholics to worship freely.
Anne HutchinsonShe fled to RI after she was ordered to leave the Puritan MA colony. Women were not allowed to explain Bible teaching, plus she told the court that God spoke to her directly.http://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/bdorsey1/41docs/30-hut.html
New Hampshire FormedThe King made new coastal settlements north of Boston into New Hampshire.
Trouble with NativesColonists were encroaching on Natives’ territory.Metacom (King Phillip), Chief of the Wampanoag Indians, led assaults on more than 600 settlers.He was killed. His http://www.humanities.uci.edu/mclark/ family & 1000 Indians HumCore2001/Core2000Archive/Clark/ became slaves. RowlOutline.html
Puritan Life in New England Sundays were reserved for worship only. Many community issues were democratically decided at town meetings.
About 15crimes,includingwitchcraft,carried thedeathpenalty. TheSalem witchtrials of 1692executed 20“witches.” http://frank.mtsu.edu/~jhwillia/3020Salem.html
New England EconomyCrops Corn Squash PumpkinsLumberHuntingShipbuildingWhaling, fishing
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