Europeans were looking for a quicker, more direct water route to get to the East with all its gold, spices, and other treasures. They wanted a way that would not have to go through the Mediterranean with its Italian and Arab merchants.Christopher Columbus, who most believe was born in Genoa, Italy, went to European monarchs looking for the money, ships, and men needed for an expedition to find this route by sailing to the West. He had read the works of many others, such as Ptolemy, Marco Polo, and Eratosthenes; their ideas would suggest his westward route idea was feasible.After a few years, Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain named him Admiral of the Ocean Seas and gave him the title of Viceroy over what he would find.
Why is Columbus significant?His reaching the NewWorld• Gave hope for richesin a new land 1492-• Began trade betweenEast and West 1504 On the other hand, his journeys resulted in •Greatly diminished native population •Growth of transatlantic http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/columbus1.asp
Other Spanish Explorers Balboa - reached the Pacific Ocean and claimed it for Spain. 1513- 1519Some images from http://arch.ttu.edu/wiki/2011_Valparaiso_Acculturation_(1492-1540)_Spanish_Colonization#1513
Other Spanish ExplorersMagellan- circumnavigated the globe* 1519- 1522 *Magellan was actually killed in the Philippines. Only 18 of his original 230 men returned to Spain over a year later.
Other Spanish ExplorersHernando de Soto- traveled through FL to the MS River. We have a city(Hernando) and a county (de Soto) in MS named for him. 1538- 1543
Other Spanish Explorers 1540-Coronado 1542 Looking for the “Seven Cities of Gold,” he explored Arizona, New Mexico, and the Grand Canyon. http://www.psi.edu/epo/coronado/coronadosjourney2.html
Cortes defeated the Spanish ConquistadorsAztecs in Mexico. •Cortes allied with local 1519-1522 Indians and a woman named Malantzin. •Spaniards had superior weapons. •Montezuma invited them in and they took him hostage. •Large percentage of Aztecs were killed by diseases brought by Europeans.
SpanishPizarro defeated Conquistadorsthe Incas in Peru. 1531- 1537•Many Incas lost to disease.•Incas were fighting a civil war.
Settling “New Spain”3 Kinds of settlements •Pueblos •Presidios •Missions
5 Social Classes in New Spainhttp://www.ccsdk12.org/doug/SS8/statetest/html/20090602book1.htm
Spanish gov’tgave land grants(encomiendas) tosettlers.They demandedhard labor fromthe Natives.
A priest namedBartolome de lasCasas spoke upabout mistreatmentof the natives.Ironically, in hisdesire to help onegroup of people, hesuggested theharm of another.
Early 1500’sAfricans were brought over as slaves on sugarplantations in the Caribbean and Brazil.