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Chapter 3 2013


Chapter 3 Section One Prentice Hall American Nation through 1877

Chapter 3 Section One Prentice Hall American Nation through 1877

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  • 1. Colonies Take Root
  • 2. The First English Settlements  (Background)Their monarch’s power was limited by Parliament, which made the laws. It was composed of two groups: The House of Lords and The House of Commons. England Seeks Colonies
  • 3. We often compare their Parliament to our Congress, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
  • 4. • They had a document called the Magna Carta that established ideas like the right to trial by jury and “no taxation without representation.” First signed by King John in 1215, the 1297 version is in our National Archives. (Thought question: Why would their British document be in our U.S. Archives?)
  • 5. England wanted to build their empire by developing colonies in North America and using their resources. Remember Mercantilism?
  • 6.  The first colony attempt failed at Roanoke Island, and the second is still a mystery.  This is one of the latest theories: http://www.foxnews.com/s citech/2012/05/07/new- clue-to-mystery-lost- roanoke-colony/ © the University of South Florida; for classroom use
  • 7. Founding Jamestown 1607  King James I granted a charter to the Virginia Company of London to form a colony in North America. It was England’s 1st permanent settlement here.
  • 8. Problems at Jamestown  They had built inland to avoid possible attacks by the Spanish, but swampy land brought mosquitoes and malaria, which killed people.
  • 9. Problems at Jamestown  The men were mostly aristocrats, who thought they were too good to farm.  The 100 settlers were expecting to find gold, but didn’t.  John Smith became the leader and he said, “He who does not work will not eat.”
  • 10. Problems at Jamestown After John Smith had to go to England to nurse a gunpowder wound, Indians cut back on food sharing, and settlers died from starvation. “The Starving Time”
  • 11. Jamestown Prospers  By 1620, Jamestown farmers, who had begun growing tobacco, were doing well.  There were more settlers, including women, children, and slaves.  Slavery at that time was not necessarily a permanent condition.  The House of Burgesses began a tradition of representative government in North America.
  • 12. The Plymouth Colony  A group of separatists called Pilgrims left England, went to The Netherlands, then to America.  They were headed to Virginia, but ended up in Plymouth (Massachusetts). “The Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor” Halsall, 1882
  • 13. The Plymouth Colony  Before they even got off the boat, leaders signed The Mayflower Compact to ensure just and equal laws.  It was the 1st document in America that claimed a right of self-government. http://avalon.law.yale.edu /17th_century/mayflower. asp
  • 14. The Plymouth Colony  In 1620, they arrived too late in the season to plant.  Squanto and other natives helped them survive by growing native plants.  The following fall, they celebrated what we know as Thanksgiving. http://historyofmassachus etts.org/squanto-the- former-slave/