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Chapter 12 and 13 Presidents
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Chapter 12 and 13 Presidents

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JQ Adams through James K. Polk

JQ Adams through James K. Polk

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  • 1. 3/23/2010HW: Make sure you are reading Chapters 12 and 13
    One cartoon shows Andrew Jackson hanging JQ Adams, and the other shows him acting like a king and stomping on the Constitution. Are these cartoons legal? Why or why not?
  • 2. http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/4b1.html
  • 3. Is this political cartoon legal? Why or why not?
  • 4. 3/24/10
    HW-PLEASE make sure you are reading the chapters!!! Activote quiz tomorrow.
    Bell question: Write a dialogue (like a play) between J.Q. Adams and Henry Clay that explains the Corrupt Bargain. This is to turn in, so do not tear out paper, and put your name in the top right hand with class period and date. This is for a grade based on your understanding of the corrupt bargain.
  • 5. Chapter 12 and Chapter 13
    6
    7
    The Next Six Presidents:
    George Washington
    John Adams
    Thomas Jefferson
    James Madison
    James Monroe
    John Quincy Adams
    Andrew Jackson
    Martin Van Buren
    William Henry Harrison
    John Tyler
    James K. Polk
    8
    11
    9
    10
  • 6. John Quincy Adams
    1825-1829
    Son of John Adams
    National Republican
    Known for “Corrupt Bargain” of 1824
    Favored Federal involvement in economy, arts and sciences, internal improvements
  • 7. The Corrupt Bargain
    4 ran for President as Republicans in 1824:
    J. Q. Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, & William Crawford
    Jackson got the popular vote, but no one got the majority EC vote.
  • 8. Clay urged the House to vote for Adams; Clay became Secretary of State.
  • 9. Andrew Jackson1829-1837
    Democrat-
    “Old Hickory”
    Born in a log cabin-man of the people
    1st Westerner in White House
    Hero of Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812)
  • 10. Jackson
    Opponents called him “King Andrew.” Dems’ Donkey 1st used w/him because of his stubbornness.
    Spoils System-rewards for supporters
    “Kitchen Cabinet”-unofficial advisors
    “War” w/ Nicholas Biddle over Bank of the U.S.
    Siding w/ Webster instead of VP Calhoun over Tariff of Abominations and Nullification Act.
    Indian Removal Act, Trail of Tears, & Seminole Wars
    Westward movement- Battle of Alamo in 1836
    MS Capital named for him
  • 11. Martin Van Buren1837-1841
    Democrat, Jackson’s 2nd VP
    Inherited economic problems leading to Panic of 1837:
    No more Bank of U.S.
    States printing lots of $$$.
    Public lands for sale went fast.
    Jackson had tried to slow down land speculation by making them pay in gold or silver.
  • 12. When investors tried to cash out paper $ for gold or silver, banks didn’t have it-They closed!
    Depression hit.
    Van Buren used laissez faire approach-unpopular!
  • 13. William Henry Harrison1841
    Whig-New name for National Republicans like JQA. Wanted Federal involvement.
    Campaign: Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too! Slogan; portrayed as man of people, but actually wealthy; much mudslinging
  • 14. Gave 100 minute inaugural address in cold and snow w/out hat or coat, caught pneumonia, and died a month later.
    1st President to die in office.
  • 15. John Tyler1841-1845
    Whig, but did not support Whig policies
    Vetoed Bank charter
    Never elected Pres.
  • 16. James K. Polk1845-1849
    Democrat
    Expansionist- 54°40’ or Fight! Get OR from Britain.
    Opposed by H. Clay, who did not want to annex TX.
    Time of Manifest Destiny
    Mexican War, Mexican Cession, Gadsden purchase