Chapter 10 sections 1 and 2
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Chapter 10 sections 1 and 2

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    Chapter 10 sections 1 and 2 Chapter 10 sections 1 and 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Jefferson’s Presidency Our 3rd President
    • Bellwork 2-4• Find the following words in the text (not the glossary) and copy definitions: democratic, laissez faire, free market, judicial review
    • 2-5 Bellwork• Define expedition and Continental Divide from your text in 10.2
    • 2-6• Define tribute, embargo, impressment, and smuggling from text.
    • 2-7• Define Confederation, War Hawks, and Nationalism from text.
    • Jefferson wanted• greater democracy• smaller role for the Federal Government
    • Economic Policies•Keep the Federal debt low. −Sec. of Treas. Gallatin reduced spending. −Gov’t. should take a laissez faire approach. Allow businesses and markets to operate without gov’t. interference.
    • Less Active Government•Government only there for protection of citizens.•Reduced government departments and size of departments.•Reduced military size.
    • •Cut federal budget.•Repealed Whiskey Tax.•Pardoned Sedition Act convictions.•Repealed Alien Act.
    • Some Federalist policies left inplace•Bank of United States•State debts paid.•Many Federalists kept gov’t. jobs
    • The Supreme Court problem forJeffersonDuring Adams’ Presidency, Federalist controlled Congress passed a law adding more judges to the Federal Courts.
    • Adams made these appointments (all Federalists) after Jefferson was elected, but before he was inaugurated.
    • The last appointmentwas named Marbury. Itwas Adams’ last day.
    • The 1800 Congress, now mostly Republicans, hated the appointment. They called him a “midnight judge.”
    • •Jefferson told James Madison (his Sec. of State) not to deliver his appointment papers.•Marbury sued Madison.
    • The Judicial Act said thatcases against federalofficials ( like Madison)had to go to the FederalCourts.
    • •Supreme Court Chief Justice Marshall( a Federalist appointed by Adams) said that the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, anyway.
    • Marbury v. Madison was both goodand bad for Jefferson. •The decision•Marshall gave much had ruled more power to against the Supreme Marbury. Court to throw out laws passed by Congress.
    • Marshall set a precedent.•This is called Judicial Review.
    • Chapter 10 Section 2
    • Trouble in New Orleans•Vital to the U.S. for shipping and holding, Washington had worked out use of the port w/ Spain (Pinckney Treaty).
    • Questions about New OrleansSpain returned N.O. toFrance in 1800.Would Napoleon want totake over here, too?
    • Haiti’s revolution diverted his attentions long enough for Jefferson to make him an offer for the port.•Would he take $10 Million for New Orleans?
    • The Surprising Counter-Offer•Talleyrand:How would you like to buy ALL of Louisiana?•Livingston: How about $4 Million?•Talleyrand: Too low. See me tomorrow.
    • What a Deal!•Next day: Livingston buys ALL of Louisiana for $15 Million (The Louisiana Purchase)
    • Wait a minute…Is this Constitutional?•Jefferson decided to call the land deal a treaty and Congress could approve it.
    • •They also appropriated the money for an expedition by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore what Jefferson had bought.
    • •While staying with the Mandans in the plains of North Dakota, they met Sacagawea and her French Canadian husband. She helped them negotiate with other Indians, including the Shoshone tribes.
    • •During their trip across the Rockies, they crossed the Continental Divide. They brought back invaluable information about people, animals, land, and vegetation along the way.
    • •Zebulon Pike explored present-day Colorado and New Mexico.•Pike’s Peak in Colorado is named for him.
    • •The first westward settlement was mainly along the MS River, and particularly, New Orleans. Louisiana had a large enough population for statehood by 1812.