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Chapter 10 Sections 1 & 2
 

Chapter 10 Sections 1 & 2

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Chapter 10 Sections 1 and 2

Chapter 10 Sections 1 and 2

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    Chapter 10 Sections 1 & 2 Chapter 10 Sections 1 & 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Our 3 rd President Jefferson’s Presidency
    • Jefferson wanted
      • greater democracy
      • smaller role for the Federal Government
    • Economic Policies
      • Keep the Federal debt low.
        • Sec. of Treas. Gallatin reduced spending.
        • Gov’t. should take a laissez faire approach. Allow businesses and markets to operate without gov’t. interference.
    • Less Active Government
      • Government only there for protection of citizens.
      • Reduced government departments and size of departments.
      • Reduced military size.
      • Cut federal budget.
      • Repealed Whiskey Tax.
      • Pardoned Sedition Act convictions.
      • Repealed Alien Act.
    • Some Federalist policies left in place
      • Bank of United States
      • State debts paid.
      • Many Federalists kept gov’t. jobs
    • The Supreme Court problem for Jefferson
      • During Adams’ Presidency, Federalist controlled Congress passed a law adding more judges to the Supreme Court.
      • Adams made these appointments (all Federalists) after Jefferson was elected, but before he was inaugurated.
    • The last appointment was named Marbury. It was Adams’ last day.
      • The 1800 Congress, now mostly Republicans, hated the appointment. They called him a “midnight judge.”
      • Jefferson told James Madison (his Sec. of State) not to deliver his appointment papers.
      • Marbury sued Madison.
    • The Judicial Act said that cases against federal officials ( like Madison) had to go to the Supreme Court.
      • Supreme Court Chief Justice Marshall( a Federalist appointed by Adams) said that the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, anyway.
    • Marbury v. Madison was both good and bad for Jefferson.
      • Marshall had ruled against Marbury.
      • The decision gave much more power to the Supreme Court to throw out laws passed by Congress.
    • Marshall set a precedent.
      • This is called Judicial Review.
    • Chapter 10 Section 2
    • Trouble in New Orleans
      • Vital to the U.S. for shipping and holding, Washington had worked out use of the port w/ Spain (Pinckney Treaty).
    • Questions about New Orleans Spain returned N.O. to France in 1800. Would Napoleon want to take over here, too?
      • Haiti’s revolution diverted his attentions long enough for Jefferson to make him an offer for the port.
      • Would he take $10 Million for New Orleans?
    • The Surprising Counter-Offer
      • Talleyrand:How would you like to buy ALL of Louisiana?
      • Livingston: How about $4 Million?
      • Talleyrand: Too low. See me tomorrow.
    • What a Deal!
      • Next day: Livingston buys ALL of Louisiana for $15 Million (The Louisiana Purchase)
    • Wait a minute… Is this Constitutional?
      • Jefferson decided to call the land deal a treaty and Congress could approve it.
      • They also appropriated the money for an expedition by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore what Jefferson had bought.
      • While staying with the Mandans in the plains of North Dakota, they met Sacagawea and her French Canadian husband. She helped them negotiate with other Indians, including the Shoshone tribes.
      • During their trip across the Rockies, they crossed the Continental Divide. They brought back invaluable information about people, animals, land, and vegetation along the way.
      • Zebulon Pike explored present-day Colorado and New Mexico.
      • Pike’s Peak in Colorado is named for him.
      • The first westward settlement was mainly along the MS River, and particularly, New Orleans. Louisiana had a large enough population for statehood by 1812.