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Brain Compatible Learning

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  • 1. Brain Compatible Learning But, haven’t we always learned with our brains? Wendy Drexler August 16, 2006
  • 2. The McGurk Effect
    • http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~rosenblu/VSMcGurk.html#
    • What does this say about how our senses perceive our world?
  • 3. Focus on these words
    • dream
    • snooze
    • tired
    • weary
    • awake
    • bed
    • pillow
    • nightmare
    • blanket
    • cozy
    • meditate
    • yawn
    • alert
    • calm
    • quiet
  • 4. Patterns and Groupings
    • Graphic organizers
      • Venn Diagram
      • KWL
      • Mind mapping (Kidspiration and Inspiration)
  • 5. Principles Emerging from Current Brain Research
    • The brain is remarkably plastic over a lifetime. Learning changes the brain.
    • Powerful learning is prompted when all five senses are engaged.
    • Adequate time is needed for each phase of information processing.
    • Learning is developmental.
    • Emotional well-being is essential to intellectual functioning.
      • Marchese 2002
  • 6. Differentiate Instruction
    • More specifically…
      • Structure the differentiated instruction to maximize brain compatible strategies.
  • 7. Toolkit of Brain Compatible Strategies
    • Active Rehearsal strategies are good for long term memory retention.
      • Peer teaching
      • Active review of learned materials
      • Hands on learning
    • Mnemonics and memory tricks do help improve memory.
    • Multiple Intelligences, learning styles, left/right brain…everyone learns differently.
    • Writing can serve as a tool for refining thinking.
      • Wolfe, 2001
  • 8. Brain Targeted Teaching Model
    • Dr. Mariale M. Hartman
    • Assistant Dean of Urban School Partnerships
    • Johns Hopkins University - Maryland
    • http://www. braintargetedteaching .org/
  • 9. Emotional Climate
    • Limbic system (emotional center above brain stem) processes information first
    • Threats impede learning
    • Positive emotional experiences actual enhance long term memory
    • Visual and performing arts - one way to tap into emotional center
  • 10. Physical Environment
    • Novelty
    • Eyes register 36,000 visual images per hour
    • Sound, lighting, scent
    • Smells register directly in the limbic system
  • 11. Learning Design
    • Present the big picture first
    • Conceptual understanding leads to better understanding of details
    • Concept maps
    • Graphic organizers
  • 12. Teaching for Mastery
    • Plan multiple activities to activate the brain’s memory system
    • Memory
      • Short term
      • Working
      • Long term
    • Repeated rehearsal, integration of the arts, multiple intelligences
  • 13. Teaching for Application
    • Higher order thinking
    • Problem based learning
    • Performance-based activities
    • Investigations, experiments
  • 14. Evaluating Learning
    • Immediate feedback strengthens learning and memory
    • In addition to selected response tests
      • Performance tasks
      • Exhibitions
      • Projects
    • Scoring
      • Rubrics
      • Checklists
      • Reflections
      • Self Evaluation
  • 15. Brain Compatible Writing
    • Color Poetry
    • Chocolate
    • 3-2-1 Blast Off
    • Race with Grace