Literature Review Electronic Portfolios Summer 2010
Choice of Topic <ul><li>History of Electronic Portfolios at Shorecrest </li></ul><ul><li>Hiring of New Principal – Fall 20...
Data Sources <ul><li>Two Phases of Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase I - General Information About Portfolios </li></ul...
Portfolio Types <ul><li>Showcase or Product Portfolios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of student’s best work </li></ul></u...
Portfolio Users <ul><li>Pre-service Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>High Schools </li></ul><ul><...
Benefits to Using Portfolios <ul><li>Actively Engage Students in Thinking About Their Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Increased...
Factors to Consider <ul><li>Definition of Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Buy-In </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in Teacher...
Action Research Project Rediscovering E-Portfolios: A Case for Reflection
Project Timeline
Voice Thread – 2 nd  Grade <ul><li>Four Classes, 72 Students </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights 2 nd  Grade Year: Assessment Por...
 
 
 
 
iWeb Portfolios - 4 th  Grade <ul><li>Four Classes, 76 Students </li></ul><ul><li>K-4 Portfolios with Highlight of 4 th  G...
 
 
 
 
Data Collection Tools <ul><li>Personal Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Faculty Survey </li...
Data Analysis – Faculty <ul><li>Initial Faculty Survey (February 2010) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to change the purpose of...
Data Analysis – 2 nd  Graders <ul><li>More variety of pieces from across curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Not just published ...
Data Analysis – 4 th  Graders 81% 71% 77% 75% 33%
Data Analysis – 4 th  Reflections
Data Analysis – 4 th  Reflections
Data Analysis - Parents <ul><li>Electronic Survey Sent to 112 Families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Questions </li></ul></ul><...
Findings <ul><li>Faculty Buy-In Essential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers Help Make Decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Te...
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Action Research Project: Electronic Portfolios

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  • The lack of recently published papers in peer-reviewed journals on the topic of electronic portfolios in the elementary setting indicates that the work being done to date is more conceptual in nature than research-based.
  • Students wanted to play a larger role in the creation of the portfolios. They wanted more input
  • Action Research Project: Electronic Portfolios

    1. 1. Literature Review Electronic Portfolios Summer 2010
    2. 2. Choice of Topic <ul><li>History of Electronic Portfolios at Shorecrest </li></ul><ul><li>Hiring of New Principal – Fall 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Research Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can I make our electronic portfolios a meaningful reflection of student work rather than a “memory” showcase. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can I involve students in the creation of the portfolios? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can I help faculty see the importance of collecting work and supporting students when creating the portfolios? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are alternative structures to “contain” or “house” the portfolios other than PowerPoint? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How and when should the portfolios be shared with parents and other members of the school community? </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Data Sources <ul><li>Two Phases of Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase I - General Information About Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phase II - Studies Specific to Elementary Context </li></ul></ul><ul><li>37 Resources Reviewed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12 found in peer-reviewed journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>12 published after 2007 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research in Elementary Context Very Limited </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 empirical studies (Master’s, Doctoral Work) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 anecdotals </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Portfolio Types <ul><li>Showcase or Product Portfolios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of student’s best work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selection of pieces is subjective, no set of standards for selecting pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction takes place after work is created </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assessment or Cumulative Portfolios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Completed over a specific period of time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves students in self-reflection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framework in place prior to portfolios being completed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning or Developmental Portfolios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves students reflecting about process not just product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not include only best work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work on portfolios completed while projects are in progress </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Portfolio Users <ul><li>Pre-service Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>High Schools </li></ul><ul><li>In-service Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary & Middle Schools </li></ul>
    6. 6. Benefits to Using Portfolios <ul><li>Actively Engage Students in Thinking About Their Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Increased Student Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Engage Students in Self-Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Showcase Student Work </li></ul><ul><li>Document Student’s Growth Over Time </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Form of Assessment </li></ul>
    7. 7. Factors to Consider <ul><li>Definition of Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Buy-In </li></ul><ul><li>Investment in Teacher Training </li></ul><ul><li>Time Constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure and Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic Goals </li></ul>
    8. 8. Action Research Project Rediscovering E-Portfolios: A Case for Reflection
    9. 9. Project Timeline
    10. 10. Voice Thread – 2 nd Grade <ul><li>Four Classes, 72 Students </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights 2 nd Grade Year: Assessment Portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 Tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use, requires minimal training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Versatility in how and when teachers and students could work on portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School account </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student / Teacher Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both students and teachers select pieces for portfolio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students write and record reflections with teacher assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers create and organize portfolios with student input </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share with Parents Last Week of School </li></ul>
    11. 15. iWeb Portfolios - 4 th Grade <ul><li>Four Classes, 76 Students </li></ul><ul><li>K-4 Portfolios with Highlight of 4 th Grade Year </li></ul><ul><li>iWeb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students already trained in how to use tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Templates foster structure, but students can still be creative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be saved as .html files for students and families </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student-Led Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher selected pieces from K-3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student selected pieces from 4 th grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students encouraged to choose best work from all curricular areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers help gather/scan pieces for students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student reflections written for each artifact included for 4 th grade </li></ul></ul>
    12. 20. Data Collection Tools <ul><li>Personal Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Faculty Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post 4 th Grade Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Parent Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Faculty Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd Grade Group Interviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work Samples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 th Grade Reflections, Rubric Scored </li></ul></ul>
    13. 21. Data Analysis – Faculty <ul><li>Initial Faculty Survey (February 2010) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to change the purpose of the portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move away from only showcase portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create portfolios that are useful for teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve students more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Grade Faculty Follow-up (June 2010) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice Thread Easy to Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can Integrate Throughout School Year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Involvement Important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connection with Families About Curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 th Grade Faculty Follow-up (June 2010) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>iWeb Easy for Students to Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students Motivated to Create Portfolios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflections Require Direct Instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Connection with Families </li></ul></ul>
    14. 22. Data Analysis – 2 nd Graders <ul><li>More variety of pieces from across curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Not just published writing pieces. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight seven continents curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>More student selection of pieces. </li></ul><ul><li>Students record independently. </li></ul><ul><li>Students control more of the design. </li></ul><ul><li>Add favorite books/book review. </li></ul><ul><li>Included student photographs. </li></ul>
    15. 23. Data Analysis – 4 th Graders 81% 71% 77% 75% 33%
    16. 24. Data Analysis – 4 th Reflections
    17. 25. Data Analysis – 4 th Reflections
    18. 26. Data Analysis - Parents <ul><li>Electronic Survey Sent to 112 Families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 Families Responded, Representing 27 students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>100% Enjoyed Sharing Experience with Child(ren) </li></ul><ul><li>95% Portfolios Showcased Student Work </li></ul><ul><li>72% Learned Something New About Child as a Learner </li></ul><ul><li>Child Excitement Rank: 9.38 out of 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolio as Informational Tool: 8.67 out of 10 </li></ul>
    19. 27. Findings <ul><li>Faculty Buy-In Essential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers Help Make Decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers’ Opinion Impacts Students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Faculty Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coverage Time to Work/Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistance with Scanning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voice Thread </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work on Portfolios with Students Once a Month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train Students in Recording </li></ul></ul><ul><li>iWeb </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work on K-3 Portions Throughout the Year, Leave 4 th Grade for End of Year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Save to School Server </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student Reflections </li></ul><ul><li>Communication with Parents and the Community </li></ul>

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