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Technical Presentation
 

Technical Presentation

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    Technical Presentation Technical Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • The role of the necessary evil in the petroleum life
      Prepared by Abanob Fathy Mosleh
      Under supervision of : Prof Iman el Mahlawy & eng. Amal
    • Introduction
      How the oil formed under the ground and what is the condition for it to be formed ?
      What is the stage before drilling which tells us where to drill ?
      When and where the drilling first began and what is it evolutions?
      How many types of drillings ?
      What is the drilling stages ?
      Is there is any hazards or problems for drilling and why it called the necessary evil ?
      Types of drilling costs and How much drilling costs ?
    • How oil formed under the ground ?
      Its formed from the died animals that was lives on the oceans and on the earth from 10 to 160 million years ago then layers of mud and sand cover it and decay under certain conditions
      The equation of petroleum is
    • what is the conditions for oil to be formed
      Source sedimentary
      rocks
      Reservoirs sedimentary
      rocks
      Trap
    • Life of well
      Planning
      Drilling
      Completion
      Production
      Abandonment
    • What is the stage before drilling which tells us where to drill ?
      exploration
    • The Seismic Method
    • When and where the drilling first began and what is it evolutions?
      The Egyptians first used the diamond tools to drill for the pyramids
      first drillers for oil which established in France at 1745
      2004 m at 1893
      5418 m at 1947
      first drill ship at 1955
      The drilling evolution make the
      drillers drill from 2000 to 30,000 feet
    • How many types of drillings ?two
      Off shore
      On shore
    • Drilling stages
      Well planning
      Site preparation
      drilling techniques
      Top hole drilling
      Directional drilling
      Horizontal drilling
      Extended reach drilling
      Slim hole drilling
      Coiled tubing drilling
      Cementing
      Casing
    • problems occurs while drilling
      The main problems happen during drilling is :
      Fishing
      Stuck pipe
      Lost circulations
    • Pictures of drilling Hazards
    • Videos of drilling hazards
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tNJj-2CgmWw
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_mWRIY45Yk&feature=related
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BdRcALtA8CE&feature=related
    • Types of drilling costs and How much drilling costs ?
      The main types of drilling costs
      Fixed costs
      Daily or day to day expenses
      Overheads
      The drilling don’t has fixed cost but it deviate from each drilling process. But approximate is :
    • To Summaries up
      Oil is formed due to the died animals after long period of time
      The main condition of formation of oil is
      Source rock
      Reservoir rock
      trap
      Exploration is stage before drilling and its divide into three main steps . Geological, geophysical and geochemical .
      The main history of drilling and it’s evolution.
      Drilling stage can be divide into five stages
      Well planning
      site preparation
      drilling techniques
      Cementing
      Casing
    • The problems of drilling like:
      Stuck pipe
      fishing
      Lost of circulation
      The hazards of drilling which make the people called it the necessary evil
      The type of drilling expenses is
      Fixed costs
      Daily costs
      overheads
      the drilling costs vary but it is approximately 2075 million
    • Any questions