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QUeen Elizabeth

QUeen Elizabeth






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    QUeen Elizabeth QUeen Elizabeth Presentation Transcript

    • Queen Elizabeth I Reigned 1558-1603
    • Reign of Henry VIII 1509: Becomes King and Marries Catherine of Aragon (his deceased brother’s widow) 1516: Catherine gives birth to Mary I 1533: HVII divorces Catherine and marries Anne Boleyn 1533: Elizabeth born 1536: Anne Executed
    • Religion under Henry VII Beginnings of the Reformation in England 1517: Martin Luther Protests Catholic Church at Wittenberg 1533: Divorce causes rift with Rome Henry declares himself Supreme Head of English Church English Church becomes increasingly Protestant
    • Edward VI 1537-1547-1553 1537: Edward VI born to Jane Seymour 1547: HVIII dies; Protestant Edward takes throne at age 10 1549: Edward VI abolishes Purgatory and “cult of the dead”
    • Key differences between Catholics and Protestants in the 16th Century: Catholics pledge Highest spiritual allegiance to the Pope authority in England is the Monarch Catholics believe in transubstantiation Protestants celebrate Lord’s Supper as Catholic faith in symbolic hierarchy and authority of the Protestants suspicious Roman Church of spectacle, images, ritual, icons
    • 1553: The Catholic Mary Tudor (daughter of Catherine of Aragon) comes into power Called “Bloody Mary” for persecution of Protestants Attempts to make England Catholic again Marries Phillip II of Spain
    • 1558: Queen Elizabeth (daughter of Anne Boleyn) takes the throne Protestant Persecutes Catholics for Allegiance Institutes Common Prayer Book
    • QEI Perpetuates Image of “Virgin Queen” Uses Suitors for Political Leverage Anxiety of Heirless Realm Challenges and Perpetuates Gender Roles
    • Queen Elizabeth broadens British “Empire” Britain enters into slave trade 1583: Charter for Colony of Virginia Granted
    • 1588: England “defeats” Spanish Armada
    • Phillip II sends Spanish Armada (the superior naval force in Europe) to invade England A storm destroys the Armada This defeat is celebrated as an “act of God” Back on the island, QEI is centralizing power in monarchy
    • QEI addresses the troops at Tillbury in full armor “I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and a king of England too, and think foul scorn that Parma or Spain, or any prince of Europe, should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me, I myself will take up arms.”
    • The Rainbow Portrait: 1600 Imagery: Fertility Supremacy Surveillance Passion Checked by Reason
    • 1601: Essex Rebellion Essex fails to quell rebellion in Ireland Attempts to overthrow the Queen Stages Richard II Executed
    • 1603: QEI dies heirless; Scottish James I comes into power
    • James I of Scotland comes to the Throne King James I brings peace but not faith in the monarchy Squanders funds 1611: Commissions King James Bible