Non cooperation movement


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Non cooperation movement

  1. 1. Started by Mahatma Gandhi
  2. 2. Background India in an economic hardship so taxes increase. Farmers forced to produce trade crops(tobacco, cotton, spices, indigo, etc) instead of food crops. This leads to a famine. British used India as a machine thinking that it would never warm up. Indians unhappy from British rule.India was desperate to start a freedom struggle butlacked a leader, someone like Mahatma Gandhi. Manypeople did not understand the concept of Ahinsa.
  3. 3. Against Whom and Why Against the British empire. For killing several hundred Indians pitilessly at Jallianwala Baug and from later indignation at the government’s alleged failure to take adequate action against those responsible. The movement was to consist of the resignations of titles; the boycott of government educational institutions, the courts, government service, foreign goods, and elections; and the eventual refusal to pay taxes.
  4. 4. Supporters Rajendra Prasad Jawaharlal Nehru Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Maulana Azad Bhagat Singh Chandra Shekhar Azad Younger generation of India
  5. 5. Aims of the Movement Surrender of all titles and Government posts Boycott of Government schools and colleges Boycott of all functions of the British Government Boycott of law courts Boycott of all foreign articles Giving up the policy for Indian soldiers in Mesopotamia Formation of Nyay Panchayats Development of small scale industries Development of communal harmony Use of Swadeshi articles Establishment of national schools End of untouchability and caste-system Adoption of non-violence in the whole country.
  6. 6. Satyagraha Two elements: Truth and non-violence Gandhi ji’s guidelines for a Satyagrahi in a famous speech: “He should refuse to accept dishonesty and remains peaceful during extreme provocation. He should not hate the person doing evil, he rather hates evil. In order to prove the establish the truth, he deliver pain on the opponent, and rather accept suffering. By the doing this, he would hope to arouse conscience in the man who has committed wrong. He has to give up fear, hatred and falsehood.”
  7. 7. Cause of failure February 1, 1922 an angry mob killed British officers by lighting a police station on fire in Chauri Chaura. Also, the mob burned down the police station killing 23 police officers After this incident, Gandhi ji himself called off the movement. The Indian National Congress officially called of the Non- Cooperation Movement on February 12, 1922. Why: People were not ready for a non-violent movement. Such an incident could spark many others Difficult to sustain such a large-scale movement for a much longer time
  8. 8. Impact on the people and British Gave boost to Indian textile industry Many new traders and manufacturers grew up Value of foreign imports reduced to half. British understood that Indians could participate in natioanl movements in unity and their old divide-and- rule policy will not work here Indian National Congress (INC) was no longer ‘a microscopic minority’ as it commanded the support and sympathy of millions of Indians. British cautious from: Gandhi ji, INC, unity of Hindus and Muslims, and Satyagraha.
  9. 9. Thank YouPPT made by Aayush Gala