INTRODUCTION Religion is human’s relation to that which they regard as holy, sacred, spiritual or divine. Religion consists of a person’s relation to God or to gods or spirit. Religion involves various laws and prohibitions that guide people in their day to day life. These laws or commandments are to serve as guidance to avoid deviations from what is known as normal
TYPES OF RELIGIONS Based on the existence of the number of God or gods religions can be classified into MONOTHEISM This is belief in the existence of one God.3 main religions are known in this case, Christianity, Islam and Judhaism.Amongst these,Judhaism was the first form of monotheistic religion in 12BC.Christainity started in 1AD(Catholicism)and n 16AD protestants sprung up.Islam started 1000years before in 6AD
2 Polytheism: this is the belief in the existence of many gods. These include hinduism,Budhaism and African traditional religion. 3 Atheism: this is the belief in the existence of no God. In this case, the person doesn’t have belief in the existence of something supernatural or supreme.
4 Pantheism: this is the doctrine that there is oneness of creation and creator. Meaning there is no difference between God and what he created. The universe is conceived as a whole in God. There is no God,the substance forces and laws put the universe in order God and nature are 2 names for the same thing(identical reality)otherwise,the totality of God and universe would be greater than God alone.
EARLY FORMS OF RELIOGION ANIMISM: this is the belief in spiritual beings concerned with human affairs and are capable of intervening in them.Tylor made great contributions in this aspect. Totenism:this concerned with the belief in kingship or a mystikal relationship between man and natural object e.g plants and animals
Four largest Adherents[citation % of world needed] Article religions population World Figures taken from individual 6.8 billionpopulation articles: 1.9 billion – 2.1 Christianity byChristianity 29% – 32% billion country 1.3 billion – 1.57 Islam by Islam 19% – 21% billion country 500 million – 1.5 Buddhism byBuddhism 7% – 21% billion country 950 million – 1 Hinduism byHinduism 14% – 20% billion country 4.65 billion – 6.17 68.38% – Total billion 90.73%