AAUP 2014: OA State of the Nation (T. Parisot)
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AAUP 2014: OA State of the Nation (T. Parisot)

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AAUP 2014: OA State of the Nation (T. Parisot) AAUP 2014: OA State of the Nation (T. Parisot) Presentation Transcript

  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 1{ } Cairn.info Open Access : Where is Europe Going ? AAUP Annual meeting – Monday 23rd, June 2014
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 2{ } Cairn.info ? (1/2)  A platform : www.cairn.info  Founded in 2005 by Belgian and French publishers  Joined in by the BnF (French national Library)  Focused on Humanities and Social Sciences in French language  Proposing journals’ current issues (from 2001 onward)  As well as eBooks, Encyclopedias and Magazines
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 3{ } Cairn.info ? (2/2)  Objectives / Principles :  Propose online the main francophone publications in the different fields of Humanities and Social Sciences  Develop a mix between free and paying content to maximize publications visibility & maintain a sustainable economic model for journals / publishers  Other specificities :  A company, gathering public and private stakeholders  Public, not-for-profit and private publishers welcomed
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 4{ } Open Access in Europe (1/5) A Recommendation from the European Commission (July 2012), to all Union member states, prompting them to implement national policies to enable: « Open access to publications resulting from publicly funded research as soon as possible, preferably immediately and, in any case, no later than six months after the date of publication, and twelve months for social sciences and humanities »
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 5{ } Since then, different ways to Open Access have been explored by member states :  Try to manage a transition from the existing system to a new one where publication costs are mainly funded by APCs (United Kingdom)  Modify the law on copyright to reinforce scholars in their discussions with publishers regarding deposits in institutionnal repositories (Germany)  Mandate scholars to deposit pre-prints in institutionnal repositories after a significant embargo periods (Italy)  Promote deposits in instititionnal repositories after short embargo periods, but without mandates (France) Open Access in Europe (2/5)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 6{ }  In all countries, very few differences are made between disciplines:  Compared to STM, there is no « inescapable » journals in HSS  OA can potentially have some « side-effects » on other types of publications in HSS: essays, professional newspapers, etc. Open Access in Europe (3/5)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 7{ } General interest journals Research books in HSS Essays Professional and Technical Newspapers Peer-review journals in HSS OA potential side-effects on other publishing markets
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 8{ } General interest journals (5 M€) Research books in HSS (65 M€) Essays (111 M€) Professional and Technical Newspapers (800 M€) Peer-review journals in HSS (17 M€) French Publishers - Source : SNE/DEPS/DGMIC – 2011 OA potential side-effects on other publishing markets
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 9{ }  In all countries, very few differences are made between disciplines:  Compared to STM, there is no « inescapable » journals in HSS  OA can potentially have some « side-effects » on other types of publications in HSS: essays, professional newspapers, etc.  In HSS, journals issues / articles’ « life cycle » can be much longer than in STM Open Access in Europe (3/5)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 10{ }  In all countries, the rising question is now the one of Books / eBooks:  EU recommendation : « publications » and not « journals »  Collective works of research and proceedings in particular are now often part of the agreements discussed between publishers and universities (Ex: Belgium)  Many new OA models are now exclusively focused on eBooks (Ex : Knowledge Unlatched)  The European Commission is promoting and funding projects aiming at enhancing the number of eBooks from European publishers available in OA (Ex: OAPEN) Open Access in Europe (4/5)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 11{ }  This discussion occurs at a moment when universities and small publishers are encountering serious financial hardships. Ex: France  Research libraries’ budgets, that remained more or less stable during the last 10 years, have decreased very significantly over the last two years (- 10% on average in 2014 and up to - 30% in some cases)  With the recent autonomy of French Universities (2007 - 2012), their payrolls have increased much quicker than their budgets (from 35% of their budget 5 years ago to 75% on average nowadays), which limits strongly other expenses  The French publishing industry is suffering from a strong economic downturn Open Access in Europe (5/5)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 12{ }  1rst Scenario: A strong and sustainable upstream funding  Probably not the Gold / APCs model for HSS, for « Traditionnal » or Mega journals  A « Platinum » model in which institutions / states could organize the funding of a given perimeter of publications How can this evolve ? (1/3)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 13{ }  1rst Scenario: Questions / Limits  This scenario would require a very strong and long-lasting political will  It would give rise to many questions in terms of publications perimeter, independance, editorial creativity, technical innovation, etc.  This system may end up being more expensive than the current one  While OA is generaly seen as a means to spend less rather than to spend better How can this evolve ? (1/3)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 14{ }  2nd Scenario: Reasonable and negociated embargo periods  Define the conditions of the co-existence of institutionnal repositories and publishing activities  The main question at this level being the one of embargoes  A study launched at this level in France, to assess the consequences of embargo periods on the journals / publishers economy How can this evolve ? (2/3)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 15{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 16{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info Articles published during the last 12 months = 18 % of interest in subscribing institutions
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 17{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info Article « half-life » = 3,5 years
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 18{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info Weight of articles published during the last 3 years Differences by discipline
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 19{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info Weight of articles published during the last 3 years Differences by journal
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 20{ } Articles’ life cycle in humanities and social sciences Consultations in institutions accessing Cairn.info Weight of articles published during the last 3 years Differences by journal 84 % 18%
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 21{ }  3rd Scenario: A new paradigm for scholarly publishing  No more print (at all)  Publication first, Selection after  Get prepared for the attention economy ! How can this evolve ? (3/3)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 22{ } « It’s not easier to have many people access a book for free, than to have many people access it by paying » Philippe Aigrain « OA Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences » Conference July 2013, British Library - London How can this evolve ? (3/3)
  • Cairn.info Chercher : Repérer : Avancer June 23, 2014 23{ } Thank you for your attention ! thomas.parisot@cairn.info / @tparisot www.cairn.info / @cairnint