On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
AAUP 2013: Digital Piracy Review (L. Crowe)Presentation Transcript
A Field Guide to Internet Piracy
Types of pirate sites and how they operate
Lydia Crowe, University of Iowa Press
AAUP, June 21, 2013
Do not host content
Link to content from around
1. Indexing Sites
Legal uses: online storage of large files; transfer of
files too large for e-mail.
Examples: megaupload.com (RIP),
2. Locker sites
Right: Kim Dotcom, Megaupload mogul.
Both store and index files.
Legal uses: document sharing for teachers,
companies, authors, etc.
3. Document hosting sites
4. Torrent search engines
Index of torrent files.
Torrents do not contain book content – only
metadata. Users, not torrent sites, are liable for
Content is hosted on individuals’ computers and can
be downloaded in parts from multiple users (seeders)
at the same time. Any given torrent can be hosted
and accessed in multiple countries and jurisdictions.
Examples: ISOHunt.com, ThePirateBay.org
Usenet: a discussion system that can also be used to
exchange ASCII-encoded binary files
5. Usenet search engines
Source: Wikimedia Commons. Usenet Binaries Upload process.PNG. Author: Dale Mahalko.
Users pay for subscriptions to the
Usenet has no central system but
consists of a dynamic array of
servers. When the servers
connect, they pass files back and
Once a book is posted to Usenet,
removing it is nearly impossible.
5. Usenet search engines
Source: Wikimedia Commons. Hercules and the
Lernaean Hydra. National Archaeological
Museum of Spain. Photo: Luis García.
Some sites claim to have certain e-books, but ask the
user to pay a fee for access to the file.
Often, paying this fee gives the user access to a
torrent network that he/she could have accessed for
free and that may or may not have the file he/she
Some e-books are lendable. If the publisher
has allowed it, they can be loaned to
another user’s e-reader for 14 days.
Users sign up to e-book lending sites and list
the books they own. Then they can look at
other people’s collections and ask to borrow
NOT piracy – but your authors might see it
Examples: lendle.me, ecolibris.net,
7. E-book lending sites
Targets: indexing sites, locker sites, and document
1. Locate infringing files using Google
Use site-specific searches: <“university of iowa press”
site:ebook3000.com>, for example, will find everything
containing the phrase “university of iowa press” on the site
Google Alerts for the press name or for specific titles can also
turn up infringing sites.
2. Record titles and URLs on a spreadsheet
3. Send mass takedown notices
4. Follow up for compliance
Anti-piracy at the University of Iowa